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SEPTUAGESIMA SUNDAY

Semi-Double Feast         Purple or Violet Vestments

Editor's Note: All Scriptural Readings are taken from the Douay-Rheims version of the Latin Vulgate Bible. The preface commentaries are a combination of thoughts from various sources. Red type indicates Our Lord's direct words in Holy Scripture. Italicized Maroon type indicates Latin with priests' refrain and server's response in bold..

        The Easter Cycle has begun. We have said goodbye to the Christmas Cycle with the Time After Pentecost, and begin the first phase of the Easter Cycle - Time of Septuagesima - which incorporates the three Sundays preceding Ash Wednesday. They are called SEPTUAGESIMA, SEXAGESIMA and QUINQUAGESIMA, which mean, respectively, the seventieth, sixtieth, and fiftieth day, that is, before Easter. They are mere names to correspond with the name of Lent (Quadragesima in Latin: fortieth); obviously they do not actualy correspond with the period they indicate.
        Man, victim of the sin of Adam and of his own sins, is justly afflicted; groans and sorrow encompass him. It is a time that stresses the need to cry for mercy and to repent, to get our lives straight with the Lord and our neighbor. On these three Sundays the Gloria and Alleluia are omitted except when the Mass of a Feast is said, and purple or violet vestments are used in preparation for Lent, the Second Phase of the Easter Cycle.

READINGS FOR SEPTUAGESIMA SUNDAY

INTROIT:
     The sorrows of death surrounded me, the sorrows of hell encompassed me; and in my affliction I called upon the Lord, and He heard my voice from His holy temple. I will love Thee, O Lord, my strength: the Lord is my firmament, my refuge and my deliverer. . Glory be to the Father... The sorrows of death...
Kyrie...

Dominus Vobiscum.
Et cum spiritu tuo.
Oremus.

COLLECT:
      O Lord, we beseech Thee graciously hear the prayers of Thy people; that we who are justly afflicted for our sins may, for the glory of Thy name, mercifully be delivered. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who livest and reignest with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.

EPISTLE:
      (I. Cor. IX. 24-27., to X. 1-5.) Brethren, know you not that they that run in the race, all run indeed, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that you may obtain. And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown, but we an incorruptible one. I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty; I so fight, not as one beating the air; but I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection; lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway. For I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea: and all in Moses were baptized, in the cloud and in the sea; and did all eat the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink (and they drank of the spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ); but with the most of them God was not well pleased.

Deo Gratias.

GRADUAL:
      A helper in due time in tribulation: let them trust in Thee Who know Thee: for Thou hast not forsaken them that seek Thee, O Lord. For the poor man shall not be forgotten to the end: the patience of the poor shall not perish for ever: arise, O Lord, let not man prevail.

TRACT:Out of the depths I have cried to Thee, O Lord: Let Thine ears be attentive to the prayer of Thy erant. If Thou, O Lord, wilt mark iniquities: Lord, who shall stand it? For with Thee there is merciful forgiveness, and by reason of Thy law I have waited for Thee, O Lord.

Sequentia sancti Evangelii secundum N...
Gloria tibi, Domine.

GOSPEL:
      (Matt. XX. 1-6.) At that time, Jesus spoke to His disciples this parable: 'The kingdom of Heaven is like to a householder, who went out early in the morning to hire laborers into his vineyard. And having agreed with the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard. And going out about the third hour, he saw others standing in the market place idle, and he said to them: Go you also into my vineyard, and I will give you what shall be just. And they went their way. And again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did in like manner. But about the eleventh hour, he went out, and found others standing; and he saith to them: Why stand you here all the day idle? They say to him: Because no man hath hired us. He saith to them: Go you also into my vineyard. And when evening was come, the Lord of the vineyard saith to his steward: Call the laborers, and pay them their hire, beginning from the last even to the first. When therefore they were come that came about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny, But when the first also came, they thought that they should receive more; and they also received every man a penny. And receiving it, they murmured against the master of the house, saying: These last have worked but one hour, and thou hart made them equal to us that have borne the burden of the day and the heats. But he answering said to one of them: Friend, I do thee no wrong; didst thou not agree with me for a penny? Take what is thine, and go thy way; I will also give to this last even as to thee. Or, is it not lawful for me to do what I will? Is thy eye evil, because I am good? So shall the last be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few are chosen'."
Laus tibi, Christe.

Dominus Vobiscum.
Et cum spiritu tuo.
Oremus.

OFFERTORY:
     It is good to give praise to the Lord, and to sing to Thy Name, O Most High.

SECRET:
      Receive our offerings and prayers, we beseech Thee, O Lord, and both cleanse us by these heavenly Mysteries, and graciously hear us. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who livest and reignest with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God... Per omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen.

COMMUNION:
      Make Thy face to shine upon Thy servant, and save me in Thy mercy: let me not be confounded, O Lord, for I have called upon Thee.

Dominus Vobiscum.
Et cum spiritu tuo.
Oremus.

POSTCOMMUNION:
      May Thy faithful people, O God, be strengthened by Thy gifts; that in receiving them, they may seek after them the more, and in seeking them, may receive them for ever. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in unity with the Holy Ghost, one God, forever and ever. Amen.


For the Prayers at the End of the Low Mass, see Leonine Prayers


PROPER OF THE SEASON

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