Archbishop Lorenzo Antonetti was born in Novara, Italy, in 1922, ordained a priest in 1945, a bishop in 1968. He was apostolic nuncio in Paris from 1988 to 1995, when he became president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See.
Archbishop Jean Balland of Lyon, France, was born in Bourges in 1934, ordained a priest in 1961, a bishop in 1982. He has been bishop of Dijon and Reims before his current assignment.
Archbishop Alberto Bovone, was born in Alessandria, Italy, in 1922; ordained a priest in 1945, a bishop in 1984. Formerly the secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, he is now pro- prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints.
Archbishop Norberto Rivera Carrera of Mexico City was born in Durango in 1942, ordained a priest in 1966, a bishop in 1985. He is noted for his pastoral concern for the poor.
Archbishop Dario Castrillon Hoyos was born in Medellin, Colombia, in 1929, ordained as a priest in 1952 and as a bishop in 1971. He was Archbishop of Bucaramanga, Colombia, and president of the Latin- American episcopal conference. Appointed in 1996 to head the Congregation for the Clergy, he was also named by Pope John Paul II as one of the three co-presidents of the recent Synod for the Americas.
Archbishop Giovanni Cheli was born in Turn in 1918, ordained a priest inn 1942, a bishop in 1978. He was the Vatican observer at the United Nations, and now heads the Pontifical Council for Migrants.
Archbishop Francesco Colasuonno was born in Bari, Italy, in 1925, ordained a priest in 1947, a bishop in 1974. His service in the Vatican diplomatic corps has included stints in Yugoslavia, Poland, and Russia before the fall of Communism; he is now apostolic nuncio in France.
Archbishop Salvatore De Giorgi of Palermo was born in Lecce, Italy, in 1930, ordained a priest in 1953, a bishop in 1973. His pastoral work in Italy has brought him into confrontation with the Mafia.
Archbishop Serafim Fernandes of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was born in Aracuai in 1924, ordained a priest in 1949, a bishop in 1959. He will be the sixth Brazilian member of the current College.
Archbishop Francis George of Chicago was born in that city in 1937, ordained an Oblate of Mary Immaculate in 1963, a bishop in 1990. He was Bishop of Yakima, Washington, then Portland, Oregon, before being named last year to succeed Cardinal Bernardin in Chicago.
Archbishop Adam Kozlowiecki, who now serves as a missionary in Zambia, was born in Huta Komorowska, Poland in 1911, ordained a Jesuit priest in 1937, a bishop in 1955-- after having spent four years as a wartime prisoner at Dachau. He was Archbishop of Lusaka, Zambia, from 1959 to 1969. Being over 80 years old, he will not be eligible to vote in a papal conclave.
Archbishop Jorge Medina Estevez was born in Santiago, Chile, in 1926, and ordained as a priest in 1954, and as a bishop in 1984. He was a peritus at Vatican II, and a member of the committee charged with editing the Catechism of the Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of Valparaiso, Chile, until last year he was appointed pro-prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship.
Bishop Dino Monduzzi was born in Faenza, Italy in 1922, ordained a priest in 1945, a bishop in 1986. He is now prefect of the pontifical household-- a post that gives him responsibility for papal audiences and the functions of the papal apartment.
Archbishop Polycarp Pengo of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, was born in 1944, ordained a priest in 1971, a bishop in 1983. He succeeds the first African member of the College of Cardinals, the late Laurent Rugambwa.
Archbishop Christoph Schoenborn of Vienna was born in Bohemia in 1945, ordained a Dominican priest in 1963, a bishop in 1970. A theologian who studied under such noted scholars as Yves Congar, Hans Urs von Balthasar, and Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, he was head of the editorial committee for the Catechism of the Catholic Church. He will be the youngest member of the College of Cardinals.
Archbishop Paul Shan Kuo-Shi of Kaohsiung, Taiwan, was born in mainland China in 1923, ordained a Jesuit priest in 1955, a bishop in 1980. He heads the regional conference of bishops for China, with its headquarters in Taipei. (In the eyes of the Holy See, Taiwan is considered an ecclesiastical region of China.)
Archbishop J. Francis Stafford was born in Baltimore in 1932, ordained a priest in 1957, a bishop in 1976. He was Archbishop of Denver until his appointment as president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity.
Archbishop Dionigi Tettamanzi of Genoa was born in Milan in 1934, ordained a priest in 1957, a bishop in 1989. Trained as a moral theologian, he contributed to the drafting of the encyclical Evangelium Vitae, and is a former president of the Italian bishops' conference.
Archbishop Antonio Rouco Varela of Madrid was born in Montenedo, Spain, in 1936, ordained a priest in 1959, a bishop in 1976. As bishop of St. James de Compostela, he helped organize World Youth Day there in 1984.
Archbishop Medina, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and former archbishop of Valparaiso, Chile, was quoted by Radio Cooperativa as saying the constitution written by the 1973-90 Pinochet regime grants the general a Senate seat for life and must then be respected.
Angry over Archbishop Medina's comments, Foreign Minister Jose Miguel Insulza said he didn't think the archbishop, as a member of the Church hierarchy, should issue political opinions.
The statement comes just a week after Chicago physicist Richard Seed said he would set up a cloning clinic for parents who want cloned children. The FDA's warning is seen as giving state and federal lawmakers time to carefully consider legislation that will ban human cloning without infringing legitimate genetic research. "One man who's on the fringe has drawn a lot of attention in Washington and state capitals," said Dr. Benjamin Younger of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. "If they are going to do this, come up with legislation that bans cloning but protects research."
The FDA said it is trying to get in contact with Seed to warn him not try cloning a person without a FDA approval, which the agency said is highly unlikely. "The scientific issues are far from clear and ... there are some significant ethical concerns that have to be dealt with," said Dr. Michael Friedman, acting FDA commissioner. Seed has said he plans to clone a person within 18 months. He has no medical degree, no laboratory backing, and little money, so many scientists aren't taking him seriously.