LITURGY






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vol, 8
no. 21

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November 1, 1997

Saturday, November 1:
SOLEMNITY OF ALL SAINTS

      First Reading: Revelation/Apocalypse 7: 2-4, 9-14
      Psalms: Psalm 24: 1-6
      Second Reading: 1 John 3: 1-3
      Gospel Reading: Matthew 5: 1-12

    SOLEMNITY OF ALL SAINTS

       Many believe this feast originated in Ireland with the Martyrology of Tallaght with April 17 set aside to commemorate all the martyrs and April 20 was earmarked to celebrate all the saints of Europe. However, at the end of the 8th Century and beginning of the 9th Century, St. Bede's Martyrology in England notated the feast of All Saints on November 1. Saint Alcuin around the year 800 celebrated All Saints on this date. Rome first began celebrating this feast with a vigil as well as a fast. Thus, evolved the term "All Hallow's Eve" which eventually translated into Halloween. Unfortunately Halloween today is not what it was meant to be, but rather a day given over to evil spirits. We need to return to the true meaning of what "All Hallows" means - gaining inspiration from the heroic example of the saints who intercede for us. Originally the Holy See celebrated All Saints Day on May 13, the same date as it was commemorated in the East as decreed by Pope Boniface IV around 615. This feast was commemorated during the Easter season, in order to bring home the paschal triumph of the martyrs and the golden-voiced Saint John Chrysostom, from his writings, indicated this feast was held on the First Sunday following Pentecost. In 731 Pope Gregory III consecrated a chapel to all the saints in St. Peter's Basilica and established the date found in St. Bede's Martyrology. It is considered a Holy Day of Obligation in many countries, especially here in the United States. Celebrating this feast is part of the Triduum of the Communion of Saints for on this day we celebrate the Church Triumphant - all those in Heaven who we pray to for intercession and who, in turn can pray for the Church Militant on earth. It is left to the Church Militant to pray for the Church Suffering - those souls in Purgatory whose feast is commemorated the following day.


November 2, 1997

Sunday, November 2:
Commemoration of All Souls Day

      First Reading: Wisdom 3: 1-9
      Psalms: Psalm 103: 8, 10, 13-18
      Second Reading: Romans 6: 3-9
      Gospel Reading: John 6: 37-40
    Commemoration of All The Faithful Departed
    (ALL SOULS DAY)
    November 2

       The Feast of All Souls is a continuum of the Triduum of the Communion of Saints with this day set aside to remember the Church Suffering, the poor souls in Purgatory who desperately need the Prayers of the Church Militant here on earth for the Church Suffering in Purgatory - the Poor Souls. Through our prayers the souls in Purgatory can be released into Heaven and, having joined the Church Triumphant, can then intercede before the Throne of God for those on earth, especially remembering those who remembered to pray for them. This feast originated in the 7th Century in the Benedictine abbeys of Europe. Saint Odilo around the end of the first millennium, instituted All Souls Day be celebrated immediately after All Saints day and by the 14th Century Rome had established November 2 as the official feast for the universal Church. A century later the Dominicans began the custom of saying three Masses on that day to accommodate all the requests but this privilege was not extended to the entire Church until August 10, 1915 when Pope Benedict XV gave permission to all priests to celebrate three Masses on this day - one for the faithful departed, one for the intentions of the Holy Father and the third for the priest's own personal intentions. The main reason for his actions were to accommodate and pray for all those who had died during World War I. Today if All Souls Day falls on a Sunday, then the day is transferable to November 3rd. Also, the difference today in the Novus Ordo Mass vs. the Latin Tridentine Mass is that the Mass of the Dead is not commemorated with black vestments in the former, rather white vestments and purple vestments are used celebrating "our resurrection through the Victory of Christ."

November 3, 1997

Monday, November 3:
Thirty-first Monday in Ordinary Time and
           Feast of Saint Martin de Porres, religious
      First Reading: Romans 11: 29-36
      Psalms: Psalm 69: 14, 30-32, 33-34, 36-37
      Gospel Reading: Luke 14: 12-14

    Saint Martin de Porres

    Born on November 9, 1579 in Lima, Peru Saint Martin de Porres was brought into this world illegitimately by a black unmarried Panamanian slave woman Anna who had been impregnated by Spanish landowner John de Porres. Martin would not let his illegitimate birth deter him from following God's Will, which was to become a Dominican lay brother at the Rosary Convent in Lima in 1603. There, where he had first entered in 1594 at the age of 15, he became a contemporary and close friend of Saint Rose of Lima, Saint Turibius, Saint John Macias, and Saint Francis Solano. His mother had made sure Martin had a firm rooting in Catholicism and had hoped he would become a pharmacist or a surgeon, but his concern and love for the poor beckoned him to forego that career in favor of caring for hundreds of thousands of sick and black slaves who were brought to Lima in chains. His reputation as a holy man, healer and mystic, as well as his tremendous efforts in helping the downtrodden made him legend in Lima and throughout South America. He was gifted with the supernatural gifts of bilocation and aerial flights and had knock-down fights literally with the devil, but he would never give in. He gained his strength from spending all his free time before the Blessed Sacrament just as another holy person did during this century as the "Saint of the Gutters" - Mother Teresa. At the age of 60, Martin contracted the fatal fever and died at the Dominican's Rosary Convent on November 3, 1639. His death was mourned throughout the land as the patron of social justice. His deeds were officially recognized in 1962, when Pope John Paul XXIII declared Blessed Martin the charitable a saint, proclaiming him patron saint of interracial justice.

       November 1-2, 1997 volume 8, no. 21         LITURGY



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