Election of the 64th successor of Peter Pope Saint Gregory the Great. He would go on to reaffirm the civil authority of the Pope thus beginning the "temporal power." On the decline of the plague in Rome an angel appeared to him on a castle - the Emperor Hadrian's tomb which from that time on has been called Castel Sant'Angelo. He instituted Gregorian Chant. For more on Gregory, see TODAY'S LITURGY
Death of Saint Simeon Stylites the Younger, Antioch-born holy man and prophet known as the pillar hermit for he lived atop a pillar for 68 years, going long periods at a time with very little sleep or nourishment.
Richard the Lionhearted is crowned king of England.
A year after his coronation Richard the Lionhearted arrives in Messina, Sicily with his crusaders for the Third Crusade.
Cardinal Enea Silvio Piccolomini is elected Pope Pius II, 210th successor of Peter. He ratified a league between the kings of France, Burgundy, Hungary and the Doge of Venice in order to help those provinces dominated by the Turks. He died as he was setting out on yet another holy war.
Pope Paul VI issues his famous encyclical on the Holy Eucharist Mysterium Fidei which was also co-authored by Cardinal Karol Wojtoyla who would become Pope John Paul II