Death of Pope Saint Pontian, 18th successor of Peter who ordered the chanting of the psalms and the recital of the Confiteor before death and the use of the salutation Dominus vobiscum. He was deported and condemned to work in the mines of Sardinia and died of suffering the wounds from that ordeal on the tiny island of Tavolara.
Death of Saint Wenceslaus, Duke and patron saint of Bohemia. For more on this saint, see TODAY'S LITURGY
Cardinal Pedro de Luna of Aragon chosen as the antipope Benedict XIII during the reign of the legitimate Supreme Pontiff Pope Boniface IX.
Birth of the master painter and sculptor Michelangelo Buonarrotti.
Death of the first Filipino martyrs Saint Lawrence Ruiz and Companion Martyrs in Nagasaki, Japan. For more, see TODAY'S LITURGY.
Death of Pope John Paul I, 263rd successor of Peter. Cardinal Albino Luciano had been elected on August 26th of 1978 to succeed Pope Paul VI and was known during his brief 33 day reign as the "smiling Pope." He was the first pope in the long line of pontiffs to choose a double name out of respect for his two predecessors. He also declined to have a coronation ceremony. Some suspect he was poisoned by interests who feared him, but reports reveal he died of a heart attack while reading in bed.