Death of Saint Eustace, a Roman general who converted and one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers who was martyred. Eustace, along with his family was roasted to death on a large iron spit.
The interment of Pope Saint Agapitus in Rome. Though he died on April 22 in Constantinople, his body was sealed in a leaden coffin and preserved until it could be brought back for proper burial in the eternal city.
Death of the antipope Paschal III who had been promoted by Frederick I Barbarossa against the legitimate Pope Alexander III.
Election of Cardinal Orlando Bandinelli as the 170th successor of Peter, taking the name Pope Alexander III. He was embroiled in a battle with antipopes during this time in the tug of war between Frederick I of Barbarossa and the Holy See. Alexander excommunicated Barbarossa and defeated him at the Battle of Legnano with the help of the Lombard League. He also convened the 11th Ecumenical Council.
The Portuguese-born Cardinal Pedro Juliao of Spain is elected Pope John XXI, becoming the 187th successor of Peter. From Alphonsus of Portugal he obtained the promise that the churches and their income would be respected in that kingdom. John died in the collapse of the residential palace in Viterbo while it was being hastily constructed for him.
Ferdinand Magellan embarks on his voyage that would circumnavigate the world, carrying with him missionaries who would touch souls during the journey.
Death of Saint John Masias, Dominican lay brother from Lima, Peru who had the gift of reading hearts.
Death of Saint Andrew Kim, Saint Paul Chong and companion Korean martyrs. For more on their story, click on THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY
Pope Pius IX is forced to surrender to King Victor Emmanuel opting for that rather than bloodshed. From that point on the Pope was denied from governing the Papal States, thus officially eliminating them, but he was allowed to retain the Holy See and the Vatican grounds which would become Vatican City and a country unto itself. It would not be until 1929 that a Treaty of Peace would be signed between Italy and the Vatican.
Pope Leo XIII issues his 22nd encyclical Vi e bn noto on the Rosary and public life.
Pope Leo XIII releases his 60th encyclical , also on the Rosary entitled Fidentem piumque animum.