Monday thru Friday on the
CATHOLIC-INTERNET NETWORK at
See why so many consider the
Daily CATHOLIC as the
"USA Today for CATHOLICS!"
October 8, 1998
SECTION TWO vol 9, no. 197
To print out entire text of Today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION ONE
Events Today in Church History
Today is the 904th anniversary of the transfer of the relics of Saint Mark from Alexandria to its permanent resting place in St. Mark's Ministery in Venice on St. Mark's Square. For other events throughout the centuries that are memorable in Church history today, click on MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES
Historical Events in Church Annals for October 8:
The Fourth Ecumenical Council convenes in Chalcedon in which Monophysitism was condemned. The Council was convened by the great Pope Saint Leo I on this day and lasted until November 1, 451 with 17 sessions with nearly 600 bishops attending, tripling the amount who attended the previous Ecumenical Council at Ephesus twenty years earlier.
The Ministry of San Marcos (Saint Mark's) in Venice is established.
The remains of the Apostle and Evangelist Saint Mark are moved from Alexandria to the Dicastry of Venice and the new tomb of Saint Mark at St. Mark's Ministery where it exists today.
NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant
Holy Father equates beatification of Cardinal Stepinac as a symbol of the destiny of the Church in Croatia
Back at the Vatican full time, the Holy Father used his weekly Wednesday papal audience at Paul VI Hall to exalt the recently beatified Cardinal Alojzie Stepinac and Croatian Catholics after his trip this past weekend to Zagreb and Split where he beatified the controversial prince of the Church and celebrated the 1700-year anniversary of the founding of Split on the Adriatic Sea. The Pope made it a point, on the day set aside to commemorate the great victory for the Church at Lepanto, to emphasize that the beatification as well as the perseverance of Croatian Catholics, in spite of persecution, is a triumph for the Church over "totalitarian ideologies" specifically the Marshal Tito regime and communism as well as Nazi rule. For more, click on Triumph.
CARDINAL STEPINAC SHOWS CHURCH VICTORY, POPE SAYS
VATICAN (CWNews.com) -- At his weekly public audience today,
Pope John Paul II continued his pattern of discussing his most recent
foreign journey. He said that the beatification of Cardinal Alojzije
Stepinac, the highlight of his visit to Croatia, exemplified "the victory
of the Church of Christ over totalitarian ideologies."
That victory, the Holy Father told his regular Wednesday audience,
also proclaims the primacy of the fundamental human rights
ordained by God, and a victory for "conscience over violence and
abuse of power." Finally, he said, the example of the beatified
cardinal manifests the power of "pardon and reconciliation over
hatred and vengeance."
Cardinal Stepinac, the former Archbishop of Zagreb, is thus a symbol
of the destiny of the Croatian Church and her mission to promote
reconciliation, the Pope continued. Croatian Catholics now face the
duty to pardon and to rebuild, "purifying their memory of rancor and
conquering evil by good."
The tradition of martyrdom, embodied in the Croatian prelate, is a
constant factor in Church history, the Pope said. He pointed out that
the persecution of prelates could be traced to the days of the
Emperor Diocletian. In a historical irony, the Catholic cathedral in
Split, Croatia, is now built on the foundation of what was once
Diocletian's palace in the region.
Cardinal Stepinac, he said, represents "the entire tragedy which has
struck Europe in the course of this century, marked by the grave
evils of fascism, Nazism, and Communism." The Croatian hero gave
"the Catholic response" to all these ideologies: "faith in God, respect
for men, love confirmed by pardon, and unity with the Church
guided by Peter's successor." Cardinal Stepinac was prosecuted by
the Communist regime because he refused to lead the Croatian
Catholic Church in a break from Rome.
The Pope expressed his hope that the Catholic faithful of Croatia
would devote themselves to the defense of human life, the promotion
of close family ties, and the spiritual formation of young people. He
underlined the need to recognize the nation's spiritual heritage, and
to heal the wounds caused by a succession of oppressive regimes.
Edith Stein will become a saint on Sunday
Even though many have known it would occur this weekend, the Vatican made it official by announcing that Sister Teresa Benedicta of the Cross will become Saint Edith Stein on Sunday when the Holy Father canonizes the Jewish convert who became a Carmelite nun and suffered martyrdom in the terrible Auschwitz Nazi death camp as did another - the caring priest Saint Maximilian Mary Kolbe. The Pope sees the elevation of Edith Stein as a triumph and melding of the Old and New Covenants. Watch for more on this in tomorrow's CATHOLIC PewPOINT. For more, click on Edith Stein.
VATICAN ANNOUNCEMENT ON EDITH STEIN CANONIZATION
VATICAN (CWNews.com) -- The Vatican press office today issued an
official announcement of the canonization of Blessed Edith Stein,
which will take place in St. Peter's Square on October 11.
Born in 1891 to a Jewish family, Edith Stein converted to Catholicism
after emerging as a leading young philosopher. She eventually
became a Carmelite nun-- Sister Theresa Benedicta. She was taken
prisoner by the Nazi government in a crackdown on Catholics of
Jewish extraction-- after the Dutch bishops protested against Nazi
race policies-- and died at Auschwitz in 1942.
The Vatican announcement recognized the new saint as a daughter of
Israel as well as a daughter of Carmel, and points to her as a model
for the Church. Her witness, the statement proclaimed, proved that
"in spite of the memory of destructive and morbid horrors which
have struck so many innocent men and women, life is stronger than
Edith Stein was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1987. The Pope has
always shown a keen appreciation for her philosophical work, which
explored the relationship between faith and reason.
Vatican uncovers cover-up by Guatamalan government over murder of human rights bishop
The latest twist to the bizarre investigation of the murder of Bishop Juan Gerardi Conedera, auxiliary bishop of Guatamala City and human rights activist who was clubbed to death in April was uncovered by the Church's own investigation of the case. Fighting through the smokescreen the Guatamalan government has put up by accusing the bishop's housekeeper and a priest, and then going so far as to link the priest with ordering his dog to attack, numerous reliable reports from those near the scene point to the real culprits as Guatamalan soldiers who were ordered to rub out the bishop because of his staunch stand against government abuses of human rights. For more, click on Cover-up
SOLDIERS ACCUSED OF KILLING GUATEMALAN BISHOP
VATICAN (CWNews.com) -- Vatican Radio today charged that five
military officers were responsible for the April 26 murder of Bishop
Juan Gerardi Conedera at his home in Guatemala City.
Citing evidence uncovered by human-rights groups in Guatemala, the
Vatican Radio report said that the assassination was triggered by the
publication of a report by Bishop Gerardi, detailing human-rights
abuses by the military.
The government of Guatemala has made several arrests in connection
with the killing, but produced no compelling evidence to explain the
crime. The most recent arrest was that of a priest who lived in the
rectory with Bishop Gerardi; prosecutors claimed that the priest had
ordered his dog to attack the aged bishop. But the bishop's body
showed no signs of dog bites, and in fact the dog in question was
itself old and feeble. Human-rights groups have complained that the
government is dragging its feet in the investigation, in order to avoid
confronting the military leaders who may be responsible.
Muslim Kidnappers will release Italian missionary in Philippines; Cardinal Sin in Hospital
Just as word reached Philippine Church leaders that the kidnapped priest Father Luciano Benedetti, held hostage for two weeks by Muslim rebels, would finally be released unharmed, the leader of the Catholic Church to millions of Filipinos was admitted to a Manila hospital for tests and observation. Though no details were forthcoming those close to the cardinal, who has played such a pivotal role in Filipino history, reassured all that it was just routine for the seventy-year old prince of the Church. For more, click on Philippines.
KIDNAPPED PRIEST TO BE FREED IN PHILIPPINES
JUST AS CARDINAL JAMIE SIN IS HOSPITALIZED
VATICAN (CWNews.com) -- Father Luciano Benedetti, the Italian
missionary who was kidnapped by guerrillas in the Philippines early
in September, will soon be released, according to sources in that
Father Benedetti was abducted on September 9 from his home in
Dipolog, on the island of Mindanao, by a group of armed men
affiliated with a Muslim rebel group. There were eleven other
hostages taken at the time; all but Father Benedetti were soon
Church officials denied reports that they had paid a ransom for the
release of Father Benedetti. Rather, they said, the rebels holding the
missionary priest were probably persuaded to release him by other
Muslim leaders, who agreed that the taking of hostages was
Meanwhile in Manila on the main island of the Philippines Cardinal
Jaime Sin was hospitalized in good condition on Wednesday,
hospital officials said.
"We do admit the cardinal is here. He has to have complete
rest. He is well and good. We assure you the cardinal is
fine," said an official at the Cardinal Santos Memorial
Center. Media reports quoted sources saying the cardinal
had kidney failure, and an official spokesman was not
immediately available for comment. "He is already walking.
We have instructions that there will be no visitors, no
calls and that is without exception," said one nurse
stationed near the room of the cardinal. Cardinal Sin was
expected to issue a statement himself later in the day.
The 70-year-old cardinal was a key figure in the 1986
ouster of dictator Ferdinand Marcos during the peaceful
People's Revolution. At the time, the cardinal called a
million Filipinos to join rebelling army troops even as
soldiers loyal to Marcos advanced on them. The soldiers
refused to fire on the civilians and Marcos eventually
escaped into exile where he died.
For more headlines and articles, we suggest you go to the Catholic World News site. CWN is not affiliated with the Daily CATHOLIC but provides this service via e-mail to the Daily CATHOLIC Monday through Friday.
PROVERB OF THE DAY
"The fool takes no delight in understanding, but rather in displaying what he thinks."
Proverbs 18: 2
Click here to return to SECTION ONE or click here to return to the graphics front page of this issue.
October 8, 1998 volume 9, no. 197 DAILY CATHOLIC