Death of Saints Simon and Jude, Apostles who were martyred in Persia. For more on these two Apostles, see TODAY'S LITURGY.
Birth of Saint Francis Borgia, considered the "second founder" of the Jesuits who served as Father General of the Society of Jesus and was the great grandson of Pope Alexander VI, 214th successor of Peter who who obviously did not practice celibacy but rather led a very open licentious life. In other words, not one of our better pontiffs and one who contributed much to the unrest that produced the Protestant revolt.
The Protestant Hugenots surrender to Cardinal Richelieu at La Rochelle, assuring Catholicism would remain the primary faith of France though she would struggle greatly to this present day with obedience to the Holy See.
Pope Pius XII issues his 33rd encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus on renewing exhortation for prayers for peace for Poland, Hungary and the mid-east.
At the age of 77, Cardinal Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli is elected the 261st successor of Peter. With the Papal Bull Humanae Salutis he would call for the 21st Ecumenical Council known since as Vatican II. This aging cardinal was elected as an interim pontiff but he lasted until June 3, 1963 and left an indelible mark on Holy Mother Church with the reforms of the Second Vatican Council..
Pope Paul VI makes the proclamation that collectively the Jews are not responsible for the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ.