Death of Saints Crispin and Crispianus, brothers from Soissons, France (Gaul) who taught the faith during the day and made shoes at night to support their efforts. They are the patron saints of shoemakers.
Death of Pope Saint Marcellinus, 29th successor of Peter who was elected on June 30, 296. In this period of the persecution of Diocletian reached its peak destroying also churches and sacred texts. Among the victims we find Saint Agnes, Saint Lucy, Saint Bibiana, Saint Sebastian and Saint Lucian as well as this holy Pope who was born in Rome.
Death of Pope Saint Boniface V, 69th successor of Peter. Born in Naples, he was elected on December 23, 619. The beginning of his pontificate was delayed for 11 months and was embittered by wars for the Crown of Italy. He instituted the privilege of sanctuary for those persecuted who sought refuge in churches. It was during his papacy that Mohammed began preaching his new religion of Islam.
Cardinal Goffredo da Castiglione is elected Pope Celestine IV, 179th successor of Peter even though the cardinals were unable to reach an agreement on his election, so the Roman Senate closed them under lock and key in the ancient palace of the Settizonio on the Coelian Hill. From this episode was derived the term used today for the process of electing a Pope: conclave. His reign was less than a month. After he was coronated on October 28, he died on November 10th since he was already in very poor health when chosen as an "interim" pontiff.
Pope Gregory XIII, reinforcing the reforms of Pope Saint Pius V, calls for a renewal of ecclesiastical hymns.
Pope Leo XIII issues his 54th encyclical Non mediocri dealing with the Spanish College in Rome.
Pope John Paul II beatifies 121 martyrs of the Spanish Civil War and Blessed Narcisa Martillo Moran.