DAILY CATHOLIC    FRI-SAT-SUN     October 16-18, 1998     vol. 9, no. 203

MILLENNIUM MILESTONES & MEMORIES: TIME CAPSULES

To print out entire text of Today's issue, go to SECTION ONE and SECTION TWO and SECTION THREE

Historical Events in Church Annals for October 16:

  • 1243 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Hedwig, wife, mother and religious. For more on this saint see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.

  • 1311 A.D.
  • Pope Clement V convenes the 15th Ecumenical Council at Vienne.

  • 1333 A.D.
  • Death of the Italian antipope Nicholas V, who was pardoned by the legitimate Pope John XXII and stepped down on July 25, 1330. He retired to the Franciscan church in Avignon where he is interred today.

  • 1690 A.D.
  • Death of French mystic Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque. For more on this saint, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.

  • 1755 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Gerard Majella, religious and mystic who is the patron saint of expectant mothers. He died at the young age of twenty-nine from tuberculosis.

  • 1756 A.D.
  • Pope Benedict XIV releases his thirteenth and final encyclical Ex omnibus on the Apostolic constitution Unigenitus.

  • 1978 A.D.
  • Cardinal Karol Josef Wojtyla of Poland is chosen to succeed Pope John Paul I as the 264th successor of Peter becoming the first non-Italian Pope since Dutch-born Pope Hadrian VI in 1523 - 455 years ago. For the chronological story of this great Pope and the twenty-year highlights of his pontificate, click on TWENTY-YEAR ANNIVERSARY.

  • 1988 A.D.
  • Pope John Paul II beatifies Blesseds Bernardo Maria Silvestrelli, Charles Houben and Honoratus Kozminski on the tenth year anniversary of his papacy.


Historical Events in Church Annals for October 17:

Feast of Saint Ignatius of Antioch, Bishop and Martyr
  • 532 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Boniface II, 55th successor of Peter who was considered a "barbarous foreigner by rival factions who elected the antipope Dioscoros. However after the latter's death, Boniface was free to rule without interference during a papacy that lasted only two years. It was Boniface who had the monastery of Monte Cassino built on the spot where the temple of Apollo once stood.

  • 1404 A.D.
  • Cardinal Cosimo Gentile de' Migliorati is chosen the 204th successor of Peter. He would be elevated on November 11th as Pope Innocent VII, the third of the Roman popes during the Great Schism between 1378 and 1417. Because of his weak character he was unable to achieve any lasting results in his efforts to solve the schism and the difficult conditions in which the Papal States found themselves. His papacy would last two years, dying on November 6, 1406.

  • 1591 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Gregory XIV, 229th successor of Peter. His papacy lasted less than a year. He was a man of upright and ascetical nature who was swindled and cheated by his dishonest counselors. He confirmed the right of sanctuary in embassies accredited to the Holy See and is the pontiff who excommunicated King Henry IV of France.

  • 1912 A.D.
  • Birth of Albino Luciano at Canale d'Agordo near Belluno, Italy. He would go on to become a cardinal and on August 26, 1978 be chosen to succeed Pope Paul VI taking the name Pope John Paul I. Unfortunately his pontificate lasted only 33 days.


Historical Events in Church Annals for October 18:

  • 90 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Luke, Evangelist. For more, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.

  • 707 A.D.
  • Death of Pope John VII, 86th successor of Peter. This Greek Pope was elected on March 1, 705. During his two year pontificate he refused to consent to the ambiguous claims of the Emperor Justinian II who initiated those massacres which drove the Latin peoples to separate themselves more and more from the Eastern Empire.

  • 1417 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Gregory XII, 193rd successor of Peter. This Venice-born Pope's papacy lasted eleven years and it was the saddest period of the Western Schism. It came to a point during his pontificate that there were three contemporaneous claims to papal obedience: Rome, Avignon and Pisa. The Emperor Sigismund called the 16th Ecumenical Council druing which Gregory renounced the throne.

  • 1405 A.D.
  • Birth of Enea Silvio Piccolomini at Pienza near Siena, Italy. He would become a cardinal and be chosen the 210th successor of Peter taking the name Pope Pius II on September 3, 1458. His ponticate would last six years.

  • 1503 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Pius III, 215th successor of Peter who was Pope for only ten days. Even though the conclave knew he was deathly ill, they insisted he accept. The gout that he had contracted prevented him from celebrating his coronation Mass standing and so he was allowed to be seated throughout. He was, needless to say, an interim pontiff so the conclave could elect a younger man after more deliberation.

  • 1987 A.D.
  • Pope John Paul II canonizes Saint Lawrence Ruiz and his companions, the first Filipino martyrs and saints.

  • 1991 A.D.
  • Pope John Paul II celebrates the beatification of Brazilian Blessed Pauline of the Heart of Jesus in Agony during his papal trip to Brazil.


October 16-18, 1998       volume 9, no. 203
TIME CAPSULES

DAILY CATHOLIC

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