Death of Pope Honorius I,70th successor of Peter, who was born in Capua and elected on October 25, 625. He sent missionaries to almost all parts of the known world and instituted the feast of the Exaltation of tahe Holy Cross on September 14 (Now called the feast of the Holy Cross). He resolved the problem of the Eastern Church and the Schism of Aquileia on the question of the "Three Chapters."
Death of Pope John IV, 72nd successor of Peter who died four years to the date Pope Honorius I passed away. John's papacy lasted nearly two years and this Dalmatian pontiff tried to bring the dissidents of Egypt to the way of Truth. He had translated to the Lateran the remains of the Martyrs Saints Venantius, Anastasus and Maurus. He himself ordained 28 priests and 18 bishops in order to be certain of their faith in the face of so much heresy.
Death of Saint Wilfrid, Bishop of York. This holy confessor helped bring English churches in line with Rome and he began the English missions to Germany.
Death of Blessed James of Ulm who was born in 1407 and became a master of stained-glass art at which he was encouraged to continue after joining the Dominicans. It is said that one day, after placing an ornate window in the kiln oven he was ordered to go out and seek alms. Knowing if he didn't tend to the kiln it would turn brittle and melt under the heat, but he also realized obedience bore the greatest fruit and thus complied with his superior's request. To his amazement and gratitude when he returned late that night he discovered the most beautiful stained glass window in perfect condition and far superior in quality and design than any he had ever created.
The malcontent monk Martin Luther is first interrogated by the Pontifical ambassador regarding his theories and dissidence
Death of Saint Serafinus of Montegranaro. Born Felix de Nicola in 1540, he became a Franciscan clerical advisor and was known to be able to read hearts and souls. He was given the gift of prophecy and canonized by Pope Clement XIII on July 16, 1767.
The United States Congress meets and declares October 12th would officially be "Columbus' Day" honoring the Italian Catholic explorer for his accomplishments and key role in bringing the faith to the new world.
Pope Paul VI canonizes Saint Oliver Plunkett, who was born in 1629 and died in 1681). He was an archbishop and first Irish saint to be so honored in over seven centuries.