The Thirty-Third Clarion: The Triumph of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
"In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph."
Our Lady's words to the visionaries at Fatima on July 13, 1917
With the Solemnity of Pentecost just around the corner and coinciding this year with the Feast of the Visitation and the day Pope Benedict XV set aside for dioceses from Belgium to anywhere else in the world to honor the Blessed Mother with the title of Mary, Mediatrix of all graces, there has been quite a bit of speculation that the Holy Father will proclaim the Dogma of Mary as CoRedemptrix, Advocate, and Mediatrix of all graces. While this still seems a long shot, it would seem the perfect time to bring you, in two parts, the rationale for this "Final Dogma" by Dr. Mark Miravalle, founder of Vox Populi Mariae Mediatrici which means "Voice of the People for Mary Mediatrix." Dr. Miravalle, a professor of Theology and Mariology from Franciscan University at Stuebenville, is author of the book "Mary: Coredemptrix, Mediatrix, Advocate." We bring this to you today with the second part tomorrow in lieu of our Significant Site of the Week. Also, next week in this series we will resume the second part of Father Dominik Maria's treatise on the Triumph of the Immaculate Heart.
THE FINAL MARIAN DOGMA
Mary: Coredemptrix, Mediatrix, Advocate
We are all privileged to be living during the climax of the universally
designated "Age of Mary". International Marian centers such as Lourdes,
Fatima, and places of contemporary apparition, as well as numerous other
contemporary Marian movements manifest this present climax of love and
devotion to the Mother of Jesus throughout the world.
But along with a climax in devotion to our Lady, this Age of Mary is also
crucially calling for a climax in the doctrine about Mary. For authentic
love of Mary must be firmly based upon the authentic truth about Mary.
Up to the present time in the history of the church, four Marian doctrines
have been defined as central Catholic truths by the Church: The Motherhood
of God, the Immaculate Conception, the perpetual Virginity of Mary, and her
glorious Assumption into heaven. It is now time for the Church, at the
summit of this Marian era, to proclaim and define the fifth and final
Marian doctrine, that is, Mary's co-redemptive role as Co-Redemptrix,
Mediatrix of all grace, and Advocate for the people of God.
Coredemptrix with the Redeemer
When the Church invokes Mary under the title, "Coredemptrix", she means
that Mary uniquely participated in the redemption of the human family by
Jesus Christ, our Lord and Saviour. At the Annunciation (cf. Lk. 1:38),
Mary freely cooperated in giving the Second Person of the Trinity his human
body, which is the very instrument of redemption, as Scripture tells us:
"We have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ
once for all" (Heb. 10:10).
And at the foot of the cross of our Saviour (Jn. 19:26), Mary's intense
sufferings, united with those of her Son, as Pope John Paul II tells us,
were, "also a contribution to the Redemption of us all" (Salvifici Doloris,
N. 25). Because of this intimate sharing in the redemption accomplished by
the Lord, the Mother of the Redeemer is uniquely and rightly referred to by
Pope John Paul II and the Church as the "Coredemptrix."
It is important to note that the prefix "co" in the title Coredemptrix
does not mean "equal to", but rather "with", coming from the Latin word,
cum. The Marian title Coredemptrix never places Mary on a level of
equality with her divine Son, Jesus Christ. Rather it refers to Mary's
unique human participation, which is completely secondary and subordinate
to the redeeming role of Jesus, who alone is true God and true man.
Mediatrix with the Mediator and the Sanctifier
Secondly, Mary is invoked in the Church under the title of Mediatrix of
all grace. All the graces which flow from the redemption of Jesus Christ
are granted to the human family through the motherly intercession of Mary.
Mary mediated Jesus Christ, the Author of all graces, to the world when
she agreed to be the human mother of God made man (cf. Lk. 1:38). And from
the cross at Calvary (Jn. 19:26) and as the final gift to humanity, Jesus
gives Mary as a spiritual mother to us all: "Son, behold your mother" (cf.
Jn. 19:26). For this reason, Vatican II refers to Mary as "a mother to us
in the order of grace" (Lumen Gentium, n. 62) and several twentieth century
popes have officially taught the doctrine of Mary as Mediatrix of all
graces, quoting the words of St. Bernard: "It is the will of God that we
obtain all favors through Mary." The Mediatrix performs this task in
intimate union with the Holy Spirit, the Sanctifier, with whom she began
the drama of our Lord's Redemption at the Annunciation (cf. Lk. 1:35).
TOMORROW: Advocate for the People of God and Vox Populi Mariae Mediatrici