DAILY CATHOLIC     TUESDAY     May 26, 1998     vol. 9, no. 101

DAILY LITURGY

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Tuesday, May 26, 1998

      First Reading: Acts 20: 17-27
      Psalms: Psalm 68: 10-11, 20-21
      Gospel Reading: John 17: 1-11

SAINT PHILIP NERI, RELGIOUS FOUNDER

         Having a profound effect in the turbulent sixteenth century, Saint Philip Neri was born and reared in Florence, Italy on July 22, 1515. He received his education from the Dominicans of San Marco. Later, while emersed in secular commerce his travels took him to the famed Benedictine Monastery Monte Cassino where he drank in the spirituality set down by Saint Benedict...all this during the time England and much of Europe were bolting from Holy Mother Church. At the age of 18 Philip's business led him to Rome where three years later he met Saint Ignatius Loyola, founder of the Jesuits and enrolled at Sapienza University. Through the guidance of other holy men such as Saint Charles Borromeo and Saint Francis de Sales, Philip realized his vocation was not in the secular world. Thus he dropped out of the university to become a lay apostle, preaching in the streets and markets to the Roman populace all he had garnered from the conglomeration of religious orders he had been exposed to. Soon his fame spread and he became a confidant of the popes of the times. He founded the lay Confraternity of the Most Blessed Trinity in an effort to help pilgrims coming to Rome as well as promoting 40 hour Adoration, but realized he could be even more effective if he became a priest. Ordained in 1551 at the age of 36 he sought to form another religious organization called the Congregation of the Oratory which many of his followers joined. For a time however Pope Paul IV would not allow Philip to hear confessions because of false rumors and information forwarded to the Holy Father. Though this pained Philip greatly, he was totally obedient and his patience paid off in 1564 when he was totally absolved by Pope Pius IV and the Congregation was approved. It received papal approval by Pope Gregory XIII through encouragement by his predecessor Pope Saint Pius V. Philip was given the church of St. Mary of Vallicella as headquarters for the Congregation. Philip was one of the most popular and well beloved men in all of Rome and the people flocked to hear him and to call him their confessor. Philip spent countless hours, forsaking sleep, to hear confessions which, along with the Holy Eucharist and spiritual conferences to reinforce the teachings of the Church and love for all Christ bequeathed His children, he made the paramount mission of his Oratorians. He became known as the "Apostle of Rome" and was credited with miracles and prophecy. In 1593, because of ill health he resigned as superior general of the Oratorians but continued to minister to the people and counsel the popes, in this case Pope Clement VIII, by intervening to stop a potential dangerous conflict between Rome and France through his insistence that the French king Henry IV be absolved. Two years later Philip died peacefully on May 26 at the age of 80 having served His Lord well and venerated for the last half of his life by the people as a saint. This formality of canonization was accomplished in 1622 by Pope Gregory XV.

Wednesday, May 27, 1998

    Wednesday, May 27:
    Seventh Wednesday of Easter and
    Feast of Saint Augustine of Canterbury, Bishop, Religious, and Missionary

    White vestments

      First Reading: Acts 20: 28-38
      Psalms: Psalm 68: 29-30, 33-36
      Gospel Reading: John 17: 11-19

SAINT AUGUSTINE OF CANTERBURY, BISHOP, RELIGIOUS AND MISSIONARY

          Known as the "Apostle of England," Saint Augustine of Canterbury served as the prior at the Monastery of St. Andrew. Having been appointed by Saint Gregory the Great to lead his missionaries to England, Augustine was at first hesitant for he and his friars, like the first apostles, feared being killed by the barbarians, but Gregory encouraged them praying for the infusion of the Holy Spirit and reminding them that the greater their trials and hardships, the greater their crown in eternity. In obedience the band of missionaries, led by Augustine persevered. Their perseverance paid off as they converted the Britons' leader King Ethelbert in 596 and throughout the north and south of England the faith was spread. On the western shores the people balked, jealous and proud, they would not allow Augustine to enter their area. With enough to do in the rest of England, Augustine, the appointed Papal Legate to Britain, obediently continued to minister to these people, strengthening the Anglo-Saxon Church which he founded, becoming the Archbishop of Canterbury and leaving the rest of England to later missionaries as the Holy See would direct. He died in 604.

May 26, 1998       volume 9, no. 101
LITURGY

DAILY CATHOLIC

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