DAILY CATHOLIC    FRI-SAT-SUN-MON     May 22-25, 1998     vol. 9, no. 100

ALL ROADS LEAD TO ROME: TIME CAPSULES

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THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY

Historical Events in Church Annals for May 22:

  • 337 A.D.
  • Death of Constantine the Great, the Roman Emperor who liberated Christianity. His mother was Saint Helena who discovered the Holy Cross. After three centuries of severe persecutions throughout the Roman Empire, Constantine made Catholicism the state religion and from that time on Christians were free to worship and the faith flourished.

  • 1457 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Rita in Cascia, Italy. After being abused through an eighteen year marriage where she had two sons, both her unfaithful husband and her children were killed and she became a nun in 1413. She was renowned for her austerity and charity and is said to have wrought many miracles including the stigmata on her forehead after hearing a sermon on the crown of thorns. Canonized by Pope Leo XIII at the turn of the century, Rita is the patron saint of desperate causes.

  • 1509 A.D.
  • Death of Henry VII, the first of the Tudor monarchy and the one who defeated the House of Warwick and Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field, thus ending the War of the Roses with Henry's marriage to Elizabeth of York. Henry VII was also the last loyal Catholic King of England. His notorious successor and son Henry VIII eventually caused all of England to break away from Rome and the faith.

  • 1545 A.D.
  • Pope Paul III calls the Council of Trent, inviting both the Catholic Bishops and Protestant leaders of the Reformation to gather in the mountainous city of Trent, Italy for dialog. The Protestants refuse but the Council will go on regardless and thank God it did for it solidified and strengthened Holy Mother Church in a time when she could have been ripped apart by dissension.


THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY

Historical Events in Church Annals for May 23:

  • 1192 A.D.
  • Richard I of England recaptures Daron during the Third Crusade.

  • 1430 A.D.
  • Saint Joan of Arc is taken prisoner by the Burgundians who ransom her to the English.

  • 1533 A.D.
  • The marriage of Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void by Thomas Cranmer who Henry appointed Archbishop of Canterbury after Saint Thomas More resigned in protest for he believed marriage is indissoluble and he could not in good conscience find a legitimate reason to annul the marriage.


THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY

Historical Events in Church Annals for May 24:

  • 1218 A.D.
  • The Fifth Crusade sails from Acre to Egypt.

  • 1337 A.D.
  • King Philip VI, monarch of France, confiscates the duchy of Gascony from England which prompted the beginning of the One Hundred Years War during the reign of Pope Benedict XII who was, in essence, a prisoner of Philip's in France during the Avignon Exile years.


THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY

Historical Events in Church Annals for May 25:

  • 709 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Aldhelm, Benedictine English monk and Bishop of Sherborne who studied under Saint Adrian and founded numerous monasteries, supplanting the Celtic liturgical customs with the Latin liturgy in compliance with Rome. He wrote numerous Latin poems and is considered the Church's first English scholar, but he is not a Doctor of the Church.

  • 735 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Bede the Venerable, who also was a Benedictine monk in England and a learned man who specialized in English history and wrote an account of Christianity in Britain from the earliest times up to his time. He was dubbed "the Venerable" because of his wisdom and learning acumen. Unlike Aldhelm, he was named a Doctor of the Church in 1899 by Pope Leo XIII. He is said to be the first to date events using A.D. (anno Domini.

  • 1085 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Gregory VII, the 157th successor of Peter and a strong pontiff who excommunicated the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and lifted it only after Henry came on bended knee wearing a rough hewn habit of public penance in the bitter cold of northern Italy to seek a pardon.

  • 1261 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Alexander IV, the 181st successor of Peter and the pope who canonized Saint Clare and confirmed the reality of the stigmata of Saint Francis of Assisi. It was something he was eminently qualified for since he had been Cardinal Protector of the Franciscans before his elevation to the papal throne.

  • 1521 A.D.
  • Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, crowned by Pope Clement VII summoned the princes and bishops of Germany to a conference at Worms in Germany. In it they confronted Martin Luther and accused him of heresy and apostasy and demanded he recant. He refused and the group convened by Charles ordered Luther and his followers condemned and his writings burned and destroyed. This became the Edict of the Diet of Worms.


May 22-25, 1998       volume 9, no. 100
TIME CAPSULES

DAILY CATHOLIC

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