Death of Saint Euthymius, son of Saint John the Iberian who were both born in Georgia, Russia. With his father, Euthymius, known as "the enlightener" or "the illuminator," helped his father build monasteries on Mt. Athos for the Iberian monks and succeeded his father as abbot. He died on his way back from Constantinople when he was thrown from his mule along the steep mountain path leading to Athos.
Richard the Lionhearted (Coeur de Lion) and his crusaders, aided by King Guy of Jerusalem, attack the infidels on Cyprus.
Amerigo Vespucci leaves the harbor of Lisbon on his voyage to the New World. Though Columbus was there a few years before him, America would be named after this Portuguese explorer and navigator.
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots and last Catholic queen in the British Isles is defeated at Langside, solidifying the Church of England throughout Britain.
The Mother of God appears to three children in Fatima, Portugal for the first time. It would have a tremendous impact on the faithful throughout the twentieth century, increasing devotion to the Rosary - the vital weapon for fending off the attacks of satan.