Historical Events in Church Annals for March 18: |
Death of Saint Cyril of Jerusalem, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
Pope Saint Gregory III became the 90th Vicar of Christ in the line of Peter
Saint Edward, King of England is martyred by an assassin.
First Lateran Council, the ninth Ecumenical Council to be held, is convened by Pope Calixtus II in Rome.
Death of Pope Honorius III who received a vision in a dream about Saint Francis and recalled him to Rome to approve the Franciscans
The German Emperor Frederick II proclaims himself King of Jerusalem despite lack of support from Pope Gregory IX who eventually excommunicated Frederick for his insubordination and meddling.
King Philip IV of France, paranoid of the growing power of the Knights Templar from the spoils they gained in the Holy Lands, accuses them of heresy in his vendetta against the deceased Pope Boniface VIII and orders the burning of thirty-nine Knights, including Jacques de Molay, the last Master of the Templars.
The Catholic Queen Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, returns to Edinburgh after a time in exile