THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY
Historical Events in Church Annals for June 1:
Death of Saint Justin, the first Christian layman to have written extensively on the Faith and the sacraments, specifically Baptism, educating the masses who, were for the most part, quite ignorant to the Faith. He was a great apologist and most noted for his arguements for Christianity vs. Judaism. Beheaded with six other companions by the Roman prefect Rusticus for refusing to worship the Roman gods, Justin is known as the patron saint of philosophers.
Pope Innocent III announces the formation of the Fifth Crusade at the Fourth Lateran Council in Rome. It was the Church's 12th Ecumenical Council. Innocent would not live to see the crusade come to fruition, dying during the summer of the following year. It would be left to his successor Pope Honorius III to carry it out, but it ended in failure because of the inaction of Frederick Holy Roman Emperor and his son - the notorious Frederick II Hohenstaufen who basically deserted the Crusades after promising help.
Birth of Jacques Marquette in France. He would go on to become a Jesuit priest and be sent as a missionary to America and Canada where, along with explorer Louis Joliet, he journeyed south, discovering the upper Mississippi River area in Minnesota and Wisconsin and sailed south on the Mississippi all the way to the Arkansas River, carrying the faith to all he came in contact with from 1666 to 1673.