DAILY CATHOLIC    FRI-SAT-SUN      July 31-August 2, 1998     vol. 9, no. 149

ALL ROADS LEAD TO ROME: TIME CAPSULES

To print out entire text of Today's issue, go to SECTION ONE and SECTION TWO

THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY

Historical Events in Church Annals for July 31:

  • 432 A.D.
  • Pope Saint Sixtus III is elected as the 44th successor of Peter following the death of Pope Saint Celestine I. Sixtus was the author of several epistles and upheld the jurisdiction of Rome over Illyria against the Eastern Emperor who wanted it dependent on Constantinople. It was Sixtus who enlarged and embellished the Basilicas of St. Mary Major and St. Lawrence.

  • 448 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, bishop and governor of Gaul who baptized thousands of Britons in the army he led against the Picts and Saxons. He died in Ravenna.

  • 1192 A.D.
  • King Richard the Lionheart retakes Jaffa from the Saladin during the Third Crusade.

  • 1291 A.D.
  • Beirut falls to the Mameluks, ending the Latin presence forever in Palestine and Syria.

  • 1498 A.D.
  • Christopher Columbus discovers the island of Trinidad.

  • 1556 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Ignatius of Loyola, religious founder of the Jesuits. For more see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY


THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY

Historical Events in Church Annals for August 1:

  • 67 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Peter the Apostle by inverted crucifixion. This is the date many historians attribute to the great apostle's martyrdom when he was thrown in chains and then opted to be crucified upside down since he didn't feel worthy of being crucified as Jesus had been.

  • 984 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Ethelwold, Bishop of Winchester who, along with Saint Dunstan and Saint Oswald, was responsible for the restoration of monasticism in England. He also is known for translating the rule of Saint Benedict into English.

  • 1096 A.D.
  • Peter the Hermit, who was chosen to lead the First Crusade after the death of Laszlo, leads his charges into Constantinople on this day.

  • 1107 A.D.
  • The "lay investiture" controversy is settled by an assembly of bishops, abbots and nobles when the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and Saint Anselm were reconciled. The former agreed to renounce his right to the investiture of bishops and abbots, and the saint agreed to the clergy paying homage to the king for their temporal possessions. It was upheld by Pope Paschal II.

  • 1754 A.D.
  • Pope Benedict XIV issues his tenth encyclical Quod Provinciale, intended for the bishops of Albania on the alarming use of Christians taking Muslim names.

  • 1787 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Alphonsus Liguori, Bishop, Religious Founder and Doctor of the Church. For more, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY

THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY

Historical Events in Church Annals for August 2:

  • 257 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Stephen 1, 23rd successor of Peter. He was beheaded during a religious function on his pontifical chair in the Catacombs of St. Callixtus.

  • 640 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Severinus, 71st successor of Peter, who condemned the monoteletic heresy and because he did so, suffered the retaliation of Heraclius, Byzantine emperor who ordered the sacking of the Basilica of St. John Lateran's and the Lateran Palace.

  • 686 A.D.
  • Death of Pope John V, 82nd successor of Peter, whose election was due to the interference of the Byzantine Court.

  • 1191 A.D.
  • During the Third Crusade, the Saladin delivers the first installment of freed prisoners from Acre for the ransom money.
  • 1552 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Basil the Blessed.

  • 1942 A.D.
  • Death of Blessed Edith Stein, soon to be a saint. Like Saint Maximilian Kolbe, she was died in the horrific German prison camp of Auschwitz. This Jewish woman converted to Catholicism and became Sister Theresa Bernadetta of Jesus.


July 31-August 2, 1998       volume 9, no. 149
TIME CAPSULES

DAILY CATHOLIC

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