DAILY CATHOLIC    FRI-SAT-SUN to FRI-SAT-SUN     August 7-16, 1998     vol. 9, no. 154-159

ALL ROADS LEAD TO ROME: TIME CAPSULES

To print out entire text of Today's issue, go to SECTION ONE and SECTION TWO and SECTION THREE and SECTION FOUR and SECTION FIVE and SECTION SIX

THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY

Historical Events in Church Annals for August 7:

  • 1547 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Cajetan, priest and religious founder. He is also known as Gaetano, a great Catholic reformer whose reforms were used largely as the platform for the Council of Trent after his death. He was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671.

  • 1471 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Thomas a Kempis, author of the timeless inspirational "Imitation of Christ."

Historical Events in Church Annals for August 8:

  • 676 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Colman of Lindisfarne, an Irish monk and abbot who studied under Saint Columba and founded two monasteries on the emerald isle. He was a staunch defender of the faith as well as the Celtic ecclesiastical practices and liturgy which eventually lost out to the Roman liturgy.

  • 1308 A.D.
  • Pope Clement V, operating out of Avignon, calls witnesses forth to testify against the Templars regarding heresies and misappropriation of Church funds and properties. The Knights Templars had been a solid foundation during the crusades but turned their spirituality toward materialism and fell out of favor with the Church.

  • 1347 A.D.
  • Queen Joanna, matriarch of Naples, rules that a brothel should be opened to the public against the strong condemnation of the cultured and virtuous Pope Clement VI.


Historical Events in Church Annals for August 9:

  • 304 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Emygdius, bishop who had been converted to Christianity after being a pagan Tueton. His quest for souls brought the wrath of the Roman Emperor Diocletian down on him and he was beheaded on this day. He is considered the patron saint for preventing earthquakes.

  • 1048 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Damasus II, 151st successor of Peter. This Bavarian born pontiff took the place of his predecessor Pope Benedict IX at the request of the Emperor Henry III of Germany after Bishop Aliard of Lyons declined the papacy. Damasus ruled less than one month, retiring to Palestrina where he died.

  • 1378 A.D.
  • The election of Pope Urban VI, 202nd successor of Peter and elected on April 18, 1378, is declared nul and void by the majority of French cardinals who advise Urban to abdicate. When the Pope refuses they set about to elect three months later on October 31 the antipope Clement VII thus putting into motion the Great Schism of the west.

  • 1483 A.D.
  • Pope Sixtus IV celebrates the first Mass in the new Sistine Chapel which he built. It would later be decorated by the great master Michelangelo and has served as the cloistered conclave for the College of Cardinals during the election of the Pope.


Historical Events in Church Annals for August 10:

  • 258 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Lawrence, one of the seven deacons of Rome whom Pope Sixtus II had prophecied would follow him in martyrdom at the hands of the Roman Emperor Valerian three days later. So overwhelmed with joy, Lawrence gave away everything he had to the poor. For more, see THIS WEEK'S LITURGY.

  • 1471 A.D.
  • Cardinal Francesco della Rovere is elected Pope Sixtus IV as 212th successor of Peter, the pontiff who would build the Sistine Chapel, establish the feast of Saint Joseph on March 19th universally, established the Spanish Inquisition and appoint the controversial Tomas de Torquemada as grand inquisitor in Spain.. He was an expert politician and generous patron of the arts.

  • 1863 A.D.
  • Pope Pius IX released his twenty-first encyclical - Quanto conficiamur moerore on the alarming rate false doctrines are being promoted.

  • 1906 A.D.
  • Pope Saint Pius X issues his ninth encyclical Gravissimo officio munere specifically to the bishops of France over the issue of French associations of worship.


Historical Events in Church Annals for August 11:

  • 1253 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Clare of Assisi, who, with the help of her mentor Saint Francis of Assisi, founded the Poor Clares. For more, see THIS WEEK'S LITURGY.

  • 1492 A.D.
  • Cardinal Rodrigo de Borja y Borgia is elected Pope Alexander VI as 214th successor of Peter, the pontiff who, by a simple mark on the maps of the new lands of America, he decided the destiny of the new continent.


Historical Events in Church Annals for August 12:

  • 1484 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Sixtus IV, 212th successor of Peter. It was Sixtus who constructed the Sistine Chapel which was later decorated by Michelangelo.

  • 1508 A.D.
  • The Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon along with a cadre of Franciscans and Dominicans lands in Puerto Rico, bringing the faith to that island where it has flourished ever since.

  • Pope Pius XII issues his famous encyclical Humani generis which dealt with false opinions threatening to undermine the foundations of Catholic doctrine.


Historical Events in Church Annals for August 13:

  • 533 A.D.
  • Election of Pope Saint John I, 53rd successor of Peter. As the first Pope to travel to Constantinople, he crowned Justinian the Emperor of Byzantium. He would die in prison in Ravenna, having been imprisoned by the barbaric King Theodoric who invaded Italy.

  • 587 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Radegund, Queen of the Franks who founded a hospital for the lepers. She was so dedicated to the outcast and the derelict people that those within her court were so appalled at her kissing the lepers that they warned her no one would ever want to kiss her. To this she replied, "If you never kiss me again, I really don't mind."

  • 662 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Maximus the Confessor, Byzantine monk who was a great defender of Pope Honorius against the charges of monothelitism.

  • 1099 A.D.
  • Election of Pope Paschal II as the 160th successor of Peter. Though he would reign for nineteen years, the struggle for supremacy between the Pope and the Emperor Henry V forced Paschal into exile.

  • 1173 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Nerses Klaietsi also known as "the Gracious." This Armenian saint worked tirelessly to reunite the Greek Church.


Historical Events in Church Annals for August 14:

  • 1464 A.D.
  • Pope Pius II, 210th successor of Peter, who had formed a Holy League between the kings of France, Burgundy, Hungary and the Doge of Venice to fight the Turkish threat, is seriously injured at Ancona leading a holy crusade against the Turks. He would die a day later.

  • 1941 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Maximilian Mary Kolbe, priest and modern martyr at the hands of the Nazis at Auschwitz. For more, see THIS WEEK'S LITURGY


Historical Events in Church Annals for August 15:

Solemnity of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven

  • 1038 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Stephen of Hungary, first king of Hungary whose crown was sent to him by Pope Sylvester II and which has been preserved as "the famous crown of St. Stephen" which the American allies rescued from Germany after World War II and returned to its rightful place in Hungary. Stephen united the Magyars and basically was the father of the independent country of Hungary. He was canonized in 1083 by Pope Gregory VII.

  • 1464 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Pius II, 210th successor of Peter who was dedicated to help those provinces dominated by the Turks, forming a Holy League. It was during this assault on the Turks at Ancona that Pius succumbed a day after being mortally wounded.

  • 1534 A.D.
  • Saint Ignatius Loyola, aided by fellow students Saint Francis Xavier, Nicholas Bobadilla, Peter Favre, Diego Laynez, Simon Rodriguez, and Alfonso Salmeron establish the Society of Jesus in Paris. The Order, better known as the Jesuits, would formally be approved by Pope Paul III six years later.

  • 1549 A.D.
  • Saint Francis Xavier, Jesuit missionary arrives in Japan to evangelize the faith to the far east.


Historical Events in Church Annals for August 16:

  • 1378 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Rocco, son of a French governor who was orphaned and dedicated his life to servicing the victims of the terrible plague known as the Black Death. He is the patron saint for protection from plagues and pestilence. He is also known as Roch in France and Roque in Spain.

  • 1898 A.D.
  • Pope Leo XIII issues his 68th encyclical of his pontificate - Quam religiosa dealing with civil marriage laws.


August 7-16, 1998       volume 9, no. 154-159
TIME CAPSULES

DAILY CATHOLIC

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