Death of Pope Saint Sixtus II, 24th successor of Peter who died of martyrdom at the hands of the Roman Emperor Valerian. During his one year pontificate he effected the translation of the mortal remains of Satint Peter and Saint Paul and introduced the Latin exclamation "Deo Gratias." Though he died on this day, his feast day is celebrated the next day.
Death of Saint Dominic, founder of the Order of Preachers, commonly known as the Dominicans. Born in Calaruega, Spain, it was Dominic to whom the Blessed Mother bestowed the Rosary. He dedicated his life and order to fighting the heresy of Albigensianism. Canonized in 1234 by Pope Gregory IX. Though he also died on this day, his feast day is celebrated the day after next on August 8th.
Death of Pope Calixtus III, 209th successor of Peter. Born in Jativa, Spain, his three year papacy is known for ordering the universal ringing of the bells for the Angelus at noon every day and for instituting the feast of the Transfiguration which we celebrate today. He also brought about the growth of the faith to Scandinavia.
Pope John Paul II releases his tenth encyclical on the fundamental questions on the Church's moral teachings called Veritatis Splendor - "The Splendor of Truth.