DAILY CATHOLIC     FRI-SAT-SUN     September 24-26, 1999     vol. 10, no. 182


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Historical Events in Church Annals for September 24:

  • 366 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Liberius, 36th successor of Saint Peter who ruled for 14 years. Liberius was faced with the polemics with the Arians which led to the election of the antipope Felix II. It was Liberius who laid the foundations for the Basilica of St. Mary Major by tracing out the perimter after a miraculous snowfall on August 15th.

  • 717 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Rupert, first bishop of Salzburg in Austria. He reconverted the pagan temples into Christian churches and established the salt-mining industry in that region, hence the etimology of the name of the city - Salzburg.

  • 1046 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Gerard of Csanad who was martyred at Venice. He is often called the "Apostle of Hungary" for bringing the gospel to that region.

  • 1143 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Innocent II, 164th successor of Peter whose papacy lasted 13 years. He had hardly been elected when he was forced to flee from Rome. Lothario of Saxony brought him back to Rome, kissed his feet in obedience and personally held his mule's bridle during the procession, in exchange for his own coronation. Innocent convened the 10th Ecumenical Council or Lateran II which brought to an end the Papal schism and enacted reforms in 1139.

  • 1218 A.D.
  • Establishment of the feast of Our Lady of Mercy also called Our Lady of Ransom. It was Saint Peter Nolasco who founded an order under the Blessed Mother's protection with the title of Our Lady of Mercy or Ransom with the specific purpose of ransoming Christian prisoners and slaves from the Moors and infidels during the Crusade years. The trend of invoking Our Lady has continued for nearly 800 years of imploring the Mother of Mercy's help in all difficulties.

  • 1912 A.D.
  • Pope Saint Pius X issues his last encyclical - his sixteenth - Singulari quadam on labor organizations.

Historical Events in Church Annals for September 25:

  • 633 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Finbar, Irish-born monk and first Archbishop of County Cork. Accounts claim that for two solid weeks following his death the sun did not set - shining brightly on the emerald isle.

  • 1185 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Lucius III, 171st successor of Peter. His pontificate lasted four years during which time he put together a constitution, exhorting all those in authority to suppress heresy by force of arms, having himself been forced to take refuge in Verona because of riots which had broken out in his own territories prompted by heretics.

  • 1392 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Sergius of Radonezh, Russian abbot who founded 40 monasteries throughout Russia who died at the age of 77.

  • 1493 A.D.
  • Christopher Columbus sets sail for America on his second voyage, increasing his fleet substantially from the three ships Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria.

  • 1513 A.D.
  • Vasco de Balboa reaches the Pacific Ocean, planting the seeds of the faith with the Indians on the west coast through his entourage which included a few Franciscan missionaries.

  • 1534 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Clement VII, 219th successor of Peter who was embroiled in the backlash of the Protestant Reformation. He was unable to curb the bitter struggle between Catholics and the Lutherans of the Reform. He excommunicated Henry VIII of which the consequences was the persecution of Catholics and confiscation of lands and property in England.

  • 1918 A.D.
  • Death of Cardinal John Ireland first Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Saint Paul, Minnesota. It was Cardinal Ireland who authorized the building of the grand Basilica in St. Paul across from the Capitol Building.

Historical Events in Church Annals for September 26:

  • 303 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Cosmas and Saint Damian. For more on these two saints, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.

  • 1004 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Nilus of Rossano Italian Abbot in southern Italy.

  • 1396 A.D.
  • Beheading of hundreds of Crusaders by Sultan Bajezid including the noble French Catholic Knights De Philippe of Bar, Odard de Chasseron, and Jean de Vienne.

  • 1897 A.D.
  • Birth of Giovanni Montini in Brescia, Italy. He would go on to become a Cardinal and bring the Second Vatican Council to its conclusion as Pope Paul VI. It was Paul who allowed clerical dress other than the cassock to be worn. Sadly this has been abused by some religious where today there is little semblance to religious garb. Paul's papacy lasted 15 years.

  • 1959 A.D.
  • Pope John XXIII issues his third encyclical Grata recordatio on the Rosary, prayer for the Church and missions. It also dealt with international and social problems.

September 24-26, 1999 FRI-SAT-SUN       volume 10, no. 182


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