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October 15-17, 1999
SECTION FOUR vol 10, no. 197
Events this weekend in Church History
Sunday is the 87th anniversary of the birth of John Paul II's predecessor Pope John Paul I who was born Albino Luciano in 1912 in Belluno, Italy and chose the name John and Paul both to honor his two predecessors. Cardinal Karol Wojtyla honored them as well as his immediate predecessor by taking the same name. For other time capsule events that happened in Church history from October 15th through October 17th, click on MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES
Historical Events in Church Annals for October 15:
Death of Pope Urbanus VI, 202nd successor of Peter whose pontificate lasted eleven and a half years. He was the first Pope to be elected by a conclave held in the Vatican after the seventy years captivity in Avignon. Yet, he could not avoid the creation of antipopes at Avignon and this brought about the Western Schism which would last forty years. Many believe the weight of this sorrow bore heavily on his death.
First day of the new Gregorian Calendar which was introduced in Italy and other Catholic countries. In order to make the transition from the old Julian Calendar to the new one authored by Pope Gregory XIII it was necessary to eliminate ten days. Thus, when people went to sleep on the night of the 4th in 1582, the next day they woke up was October 15th.
Death of Saint Teresa of Jesus from Avila, Spain who was so instrumental in reforming the Carmelites and spurring on Saint John of the Cross to do the same for the priests. For more on this first female Doctor of the Church, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.
Pope Leo XIII issues his encyclical Dall' alto Dell' Apostolico seggio intended primarily to the Italian bishops and their flocks on the evils of Freemasonry.
Pope John Paul II issues his 13th encyclical Fides et Ratio on the eve of his 20th anniversary in which he deals with "Faith and Reason" covering issues which many call his "last will and testament" on the fundamental questions of human existence.
Historical Events in Church Annals for October 16:
Death of Saint Hedwig, wife, mother and religious. For more on this saint see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.
Pope Clement V convenes the 15th Ecumenical Council at Vienne.
Death of the Italian antipope Nicholas V, who was pardoned by the legitimate Pope John XXII and stepped down on July 25, 1330. He retired to the Franciscan church in Avignon where he is interred today.
Death of French mystic Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque. For more on this saint, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.
Death of Saint Gerard Majella, religious and mystic who is the patron saint of expectant mothers. He died at the young age of twenty-nine from tuberculosis.
Pope Benedict XIV releases his thirteenth and final encyclical Ex omnibus on the Apostolic constitution Unigenitus.
Cardinal Karol Josef Wojtyla of Poland is chosen to succeed Pope John Paul I as the 264th successor of Peter becoming the first non-Italian Pope since Dutch-born Pope Hadrian VI in 1523 - 455 years ago. For the chronological story of this great Pope and the twenty-one year highlights of his pontificate, click on TWENTY-FIRST YEAR ANNIVERSARY.
Pope John Paul II beatifies Blesseds Bernardo Maria Silvestrelli, Charles Houben and Honoratus Kozminski on the tenth year anniversary of his papacy.
Historical Events in Church Annals for October 17:
Feast of Saint Ignatius of Antioch, Bishop and Martyr
Death of Pope Saint Boniface II, 55th successor of Peter who was considered a "barbarous foreigner by rival factions who elected the antipope Dioscoros. However after the latter's death, Boniface was free to rule without interference during a papacy that lasted only two years. It was Boniface who had the monastery of Monte Cassino built on the spot where the temple of Apollo once stood.
Cardinal Cosimo Gentile de' Migliorati is chosen the 204th successor of Peter. He would be elevated on November 11th as Pope Innocent VII, the third of the Roman popes during the Great Schism between 1378 and 1417. Because of his weak character he was unable to achieve any lasting results in his efforts to solve the schism and the difficult conditions in which the Papal States found themselves. His papacy would last two years, dying on November 6, 1406.
Death of Pope Gregory XIV, 229th successor of Peter. His papacy lasted less than a year. He was a man of upright and ascetical nature who was swindled and cheated by his dishonest counselors. He confirmed the right of sanctuary in embassies accredited to the Holy See and is the pontiff who excommunicated King Henry IV of France.
Birth of Albino Luciano at Canale d'Agordo near Belluno, Italy. He would go on to become a cardinal and on August 26, 1978 be chosen to succeed Pope Paul VI taking the name Pope John Paul I. Unfortunately his pontificate lasted only 33 days.
Triple Trouble for competitors of Double Jeopardy
Top Ten Films for the second week of October
Despite strong competition from Harrison Ford's newest vehicle "Random Hearts," and the George Clooney pic about a heist after the Gulf War called "Three Kings," the surprising film "Double Jeopardy" starring Tommy Lee Jones fended off all competition to remain in the top spot for the third consecutive week. The rest of the pack showed poorly as is usually the case this time of the year with such poor fare as is presently being offered. For the Top Ten reviews for the second week of October prepared by the NCCB, click on MOVIES AND MORALS
TOP TEN MOVIES
FOR THE SECOND WEEK OF OCTOBER
1. DOUBLE JEOPARDY
$13.5 million last week/ $65.8 million in three weeks:
Because of some violence, a shadowy sexual encounter, and intermittent
profanity and rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III -- adults. The
Motion Picture Association of America rating is R -- restricted. "Double Jeopardy" is a sleek
thriller in which probation officer Tommy Lee Jones chases parolee Ashley Judd across country to prevent her from murdering the two-timing husband who framed her. The straightforward
fugitive story maintains suspense without relying solely on the expected revenge motive.
2. RANDOM HEARTS
$13 million in one week:
Because of a discreet sexual encounter, brief violence, minimal profanity
and an instance of rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III -- adults.
The Motion Picture Association of America rating is R -- restricted. "Random Hearts" is a plodding
melodrama about Washington cop Harrison Ford jeopardizing the re-election of Congresswoman
Kristin Scott-Thomas when they become romantically involved after their unfaithful spouses are
killed in a plane crash. The picture explores the painful aftermath of adultery in a slowpaced
narrative that is emotionally uninvolving.
3. THREE KINGS
$12 million last week/ $32.7 million in two weeks:
Because of some fairly graphic violence, a brief sexual encounter and recurring
profanity as well as rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III -- adults.
The Motion Picture Association of America rating is R -- restricted. "Three Kings" tells of
American soldier George Clooney and three comrades going AWOL at the end of the Gulf War to look for hidden gold but they pause along the way to protect pro-Western Iraqi villagers from
marauding nationalist soldiers. The result mixes intense action with sudden spurts of satire and
frenzied visuals that ultimately underline the hypocrisy of politics and the insanity of war as well
as its inhumanity.
4. AMERICAN BEAUTY
$9.5 million last week/ $31.1 million in four weeks:
Because of brief gory violence, sexual situations including adultery,
masturbation and nudity, some profanity and recurring rough language, the U.S. Catholic
Conference classification is O -- morally offensive. The Motion Picture Association of America
rating is R -- restricted. "American Beauty" is a nihilistic black comedy in which a husband (Kevin Spacey) lusts after a blond teen-ager (Mena Suvari), his shrill wife (Annette Bening) has an affair with a business rival (Peter Gallagher) and their teen daughter (Thora Birch) finds solace with a drug-dealing classmate from an equally dysfunctional family. Director Sam Mendes paints a corrosively bleak portrait of family life in which the increasingly desperate behavior of self-absorbed characters culminates in murder.
$8.9 million in one week:
No review from NCCB as of yet.
6. THE SIXTH SENSE
$6.1 million last week/ $242.7 million in ten weeks:
Because of gory violence, a menaced child and coarse language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III -- adults. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is PG-13 -- parents are strongly cautioned that some material may be inappropriate for children under 13. "The Sixth Sense" is a clunky psychological thriller in which child psychologist Bruce Willis tries to help a shaky 8-year-old who keeps seeing dead people walking around, though matters ultimately are not what they seem. The story's vague assumptions and boring situations are suddenly thrown into an entirely new light by a twist ending, though few will find the "surprise" worth waiting for.
7. BLUE STREAK
$5.7 million last week/ $55.2 million in four weeks:
Because of its justification of a major crime, some violence, coarse sexual
references, occasional profanity and an instance of rough language, the U.S. Catholic
Conference classification is O -- morally offensive. The Motion Picture Association of America
rating is PG-13 -- parents are strongly cautioned that some material may be inappropriate for
children under 13. "Blue Streak" is a routine action-comedy in which thief Martin Lawrence passes himself off as an LAPD detective in order to get access to headquarters where he's stashed a 17 million-dollar diamond. Numerous cliches and Lawrence's comic mugging don't
improve a movie where the thief is seen as a hero who deserves his instant millionaire status
after escaping with police complicity.
8. DRIVE ME CRAZY
$4 million in one week/ $11.8 million in two weeks:
Because of sexual situations and innuendo, alcohol and drug abuse and
instances of profanity and rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III --
adults. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is PG-13 -- parents are strongly
cautioned that some material may be inappropriate for children under 13. "Drive Me Crazy" is a
formula teen romance in which high school senior Melissa Joan Hart and surly classmate Adrian Grenier begin dating in hopes of winning back their former heartthrobs by making them jealous, with predictable results. The fitful proceedings are mostly tedious as the cliched adolescent
characters moon over the dating game.
9. THE ADVENTURES OF ELMO...
$2.3 million last week/ $6.2 million in two weeks
The U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-I
-- general patronage. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is G -- general audiences.
"The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland" follows "Sesame Street's" shy little Elmo as he
searches for his beloved blanket in a subterranean world where grouch Mandy Patinkin refuses
to give back the blanket until he learns a lesson in sharing. The Muppet characters go through
their paces in endearing fashion, with preschoolers likely to find messy, garbage-filled
Grouchland more amusing than threatening.
10. FOR THE LOVE OF THE GAME
$2.1 million last week/ $31.5 million in four weeks:
For Love of the Game -- Because of an implicit sexual affair, angry outbursts, some course language and occasional profanity, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III --adults.
The Motion Picture Association of America rating is PG-13 -- parents are strongly cautioned that
some material may be inappropriate for children under 13. "For Love of the Game" follows aging
pitcher Kevin Costner on the mound at the close of the baseball season as he confronts not only the batters but himself, pondering his future with the club, his all-consuming passion to excel in
the sport, and the loss of the woman he loves (played by Kelly Preston) because she feels
unneeded. The pitcher's thoughts are shown in flashbacks which mirror mounting tension in the
stadium as batter after batter is retired along the way to a possible perfect game -- with equally
satisfying results for both baseball fans and romantics.
As Vicar General of Rome, Cardinal Camillo Ruini keeps tabs of all 320 parishes in Rome for the Bishop of Rome John Paul II
We continue with this special series introducing you to the Princes of the Church. Our one-hundred-eleventh red-hat we feature, in alphabetical order, is 68 year-old Cardinal Camillo Ruini of Italy, who was appointed Vicar General of Rome by His Holiness on July 1, 1991 three days after receiving the cardinate during the Consistory of June 28, 1991. For more on Cardinal Camillo Ruini, click on COLLEGE OF CARDINALS COLLECTION
111. Cardinal Camillo Ruini
Serving as the Vicar General of Rome, Cardinal Camillo Ruini was born in Sassuolo, Italy on February 19, 1931. After traditional minor and major seminary training for the Diocese of Reggio Emilia-Guastalla, he was ordained a priest of the Diocese on the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception in 1954 and assigned to various pastoral positions plus teaching appointments at various seminaries in central Italy where he was also named the Episcopal Vicar for the Lay Apostolate as President of the John XXIII Diocesan Cultural Center. On May 16, 1983 Pope John Paul II named him Titular Bishop of Nepte and Auxiliary of his home diocese. He was consecrated on June 29, 1983 - the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul.
Three years later, while in the same post, he was appointed Secretary General of the Italian Bishops' Conference, a position he held until the Holy Father promoted him to Archbishop and named him to succeed the retiring Cardinal Ugo Poletti with the title Pro-Vicar General of Rome on January 17, 1991 and later that same year, during the Consistory of June 28, 1991, the Holy Father elevated him to the Sacred Conclave. He received his red-hat along with the titular church of St. Agnes Outside-the-Wall in Rome and officially became Vicar General of Rome on July 1st, responsible for the Diocese of Rome directly under the Pope and pro-Archpriest of the Patriarchal Lateran Archbasilica. A year later the Pope bestowed on him the additional title of Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Lateran University and President of the Peregrinatio ad Petri Sedem from 1992 to 1996. He currently serves curial membership in the Congregation for Bishops and the Pontifical Committee for the Grand Jubilee of the Holy Year 2000. Currently 68 years-old, he works and resides out of the Lateran Basilica at Piazza San Giovanni in Laterano 4, 00184 in Rome.
Finally the long-awaited books "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." and THE HIDDEN WAY are NOW available!
With the messages completed, you can now order the book that contains ALL the messages. This much-anticipated 224-page book of ALL the messages to the world imparted to the Hidden Flower of the Immaculate Heart from the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary is a lasting gift that will inspire you in your faith, and all God asks of us. You can acquire your own handsome, coffee-table top copy of "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." containing all 632 messages or the THE HIDDEN WAY containing 100 inspirational Meditative Lessons from Our Lord and Our Lady on Church Doctrine by clicking on "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." or THE HIDDEN WAY or both books at BOOKS
October 15-17, 1999 volume 10, no. 197 DAILY CATHOLIC