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November 22, 1999
SECTION THREE vol 10, no. 221
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Cardinal Adrianus Johannes Simonis has been the Archbishop of Utrecht in the Netherlands for the past sixteen years
We continue with this special series introducing you to the Princes of the Church. Our one-hundred-twenty-sixth red-hat we feature, in alphabetical order is 68 year-old Cardinal Adrianus Johannes Simonis, who was appointed the Archbishop of Utrecht the same year Cardinal John J. O'Connor was elevated to the See of New York. Both were elevated to the cardinalate the same time: during the Consistory of May 25, 1985. For more on Cardinal Adriannus Johannes Simonis, click on COLLEGE OF CARDINALS COLLECTION
126. Cardinal Adrianus Johannes Simonis
The Archbishop of Utrecht, one of the oldest sees in Europe, has been Cardinal Adrianus Johannes Simonis since 1983. He was born on November 26, 1931 in the village of Lisse, Holland. After studies for the priesthood in the Diocese of Rotterdam, he was ordained a priest on June 15, 1957. Following two years of pastoral work, he was assigned to Rome where he undertook Biblical Exegesis studies until 1966, then taught in various institutions in Holland until he was slected to be shepherd of his diocese on December 29, 1970 by Pope Paul VI. He was consecrated and installed on March 20, 1971 where he remained until Pope John Paul II named him Coadjutor Archbishop of Utrecht on June 27, 1983. He officially became the Archbishop of Utrecht on December 3, 1983. He was also elected president of the Dutch Bishops' Conference.
Two years later during the Consistory of May 25, 1985 the Holy Father bestowed on him the red-hat and the titular church of St. Clement. He was also assigned curial membership in the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life and the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. Becoming only the seventh cardinal in the long history of Holland, he also spearheaded the reception committee for John Paul II's visit to Holland that same year amid vociferous opposition by dissidents that have greatly depleted the once proud Church in Holland. At the age of 68, Cardinal Simonis resides at Aartsbisdom, P.B. 14019, 3508 SB Utrecht in the Netherlands where he has for the past sixteen years. Even though Pope Hadrian VI was from Utrecht and the last foreign Pontiff until John Paul II was elected in 1978, there is no chance Simonis would even be considered for the papacy in the future because of his limited knowledge of international experience in the universal Church.
NEWS & VIEWS
with a Catholic slant
Bishops vote to dissolve NCCB and USCC, consolidate into US Conference of Catholic Bishops as call goes forth to return traditions
Say goodbye to the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and the United States Catholic Conference. Say hello to the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops which replaces the two former bodies in a consolidation move to eliminate duplication and confusion and streamline the body of bishops. The biannual conference, which concluded in Washington D.C. Friday signals the final one for the millennium and gave rise for optimism for orthodoxism returning to the Church in America with a call for returning the Tabernacle as the focal point of the sanctuary and bringing back the statues and other sacred sacramentals that asserted and assured that "we are the Roman Catholic Church." For more, click on Bishops wrap up conference on positive note
US BISHOPS ADDRESS WELFARE, ARCHITECTURE, NEW OFFICERS
WASHINGTON, DC (CWNews.com) - The National Conference of
Catholic Bishops continued their biennial meeting on
Thursday, addressing the role of government in social
welfare, church architecture, and the election of new
The day after overwhelmingly approving guidelines for US
Catholic colleges and universities, the bishops unanimously
approved a pastoral letter on charity which included a
statement on the government's responsibility in welfare.
The document said a lesson of the Great Depression was that
only government can "ensure regular income support for aged,
disabled or otherwise needy families."
The bishops also noted that "those principles have come
under attack during the latter part of the 20th century as
a negative attitude developed with regard to the
responsibility of government."
The bishops also debated an upcoming document on church
architecture, noting in particular the effect of the design
and decoration of church buildings on the beliefs of
individual Catholics. Bishop Sean O'Malley of Fall River,
Massachusetts, commented: "You hear comments: This place
does not look like a church," referring to the trend as the
"suburbanization of the heavenly Jerusalem." Among the
recommendations of many bishops was that the tabernacle
must be central and visible to all and that images of the
Virgin Mary and saints should be brought into the main body
of the church again.
The bishops also streamlined their episcopal conference,
dissolving the National Conference of Catholic Bishops,
which deals with church matters, and the separate US
Catholic Conference, which deals with civil matters, and
forming one body to be called the US Conference of Catholic
Bishops. Cardinal Bernard Law of Boston was elected chairman
of the committee on foreign policy issues and Bishop Donald
Trautman of Erie, Pennsylvania, was elected chairman of the
Pope's prescription for pharmaceutical industry is not to put profit over human value and dignity
The Pontifical Council for Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers hosted an international conference at the Vatican this past weekend and the Holy Father called on governments and the pharmaceutical industry to consider all mankind, not just the wealthy in making available medicines for the sick. He reminded them they have a moral responsibility not to make a profit at the expense of countless men, women and children unable to receive these vital medicines and drugs because of costs which narrows it down to what only wealthy countries can afford, thus depriving others of these necessary prescriptions and medicines. For more, click on Prescription for all.
PAPAL APPEAL TO PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY
Health Cannot Be Privilege
VATICAN CITY, (ZENIT).- The international congress, which was
held in the Auditorium of the Synod from November 18-20, at the initiative
of the Pontifical Council for Health Pastoral Care, addressed the
question of the relation between economics and health, a question which has
already elicited a response from John Paul II, during his welcome to the
500 persons who participated in the congress.
"It is intolerable that the limitation of economic resources, which is
experienced in many places today, especially affects the weak fringes of
the population and the less well off areas of the world, depriving them of
the necessary health care," the Holy Father said.
The Pontiff's words were particularly explicit: "At the same time, it is
not admissible that this limitation leads to the exclusion of health care
at certain stages of life or situations of special fragility and weakness
as, for example, newborn life, old age, severe handicap, terminal
illnesses." In virtue of his dignity, every person has the right to "enjoy
the benefits offered by progress, science, technology and medicine." the
Health and Globalization
The Pope acknowledged that it is not the Church's role to define the
economic models and health systems that are the most appropriate to resolve
the difficult relation between economics and health. But, "in the context
of globalization, her mission consists in doing everything possible so that
the question will be addressed and resolved in light of those ethical
values that foster respect and safeguard the dignity of every human being,
beginning with the weakest and poorest."
John Paul II expressed with "heartfelt sorrow" that the "breach between
situations of wealth -- even blatant wealth, and poverty, which at times is
reduced to indigence, instead of decreasing becomes ever greater." An issue
which in the specific case of health reaches dramatic repercussions.
According to the Pope, the solution necessarily spells an awareness of the
dignity of the person and of the totality of human interdependence, which
should lead to an increase in the sense of duty in solidarity.
"Only from this horizon can an economic vision, which is reductive of
health, be overcome." Moreover, for Christians, solidarity reaches new
horizons thanks to the virtue of charity, which -- both aspiring and being
inspired in the love of God -- establishes a relation of love with men,
"especially with the weakest brothers, among whom are the sick."
Appeal to Governments and Pharmaceutical Industries
After expressing his closeness to the sick, and launching an appeal "to
governments and international agencies so that at the moment of addressing
the relation between economics and health they will be guided only by the
common good," he asked the pharmaceutical industries "not to make profit
prevail over human values, but to show their sensitivity to the needs of
those who do not enjoy social security, by undertaking initiatives in favor
of the poorest and marginalized."
Finally, the Pope referred to the necessity to overcome the differences
existing among countries and continents exhorting "the more advanced
countries to make available to the less developed [countries] their
experience, technology, and part of their economic wealth."
Holy Father canonizes 12 inside St. Peter's, including ten Spanish martyrs
The Sovereign Pontiff honored 22 Blesseds with sainthood Sunday in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome to complete the liturgical year. Heading the list were ten who were martyred during the persecutions during the Spanish Civil War and whom Pope John Paul II beatified in 1990. It was the final canonization of the old millennium with two set by the Holy See for the new liturgical year: May 21 and November 1, 2000. The former date gives rise to speculation Blessed Juan Diego will be canonized in May of 2000. For more, click on Canonizations.
CHURCH HAS 12 NEW SAINTS
Pope Canonizes First Martyrs of Spanish 1930s Persecution
VATICAN CITY, NOV 21 (ZENIT).- As of today, the Church has 12 new saints --
10 of whom are martyrs. John Paul II proclaimed them this morning in a
moving ceremony that was held inside the Vatican Basilica, since St.
Peter's Square was very windy and rainy.
Cirilo Bertran was canonized today, along with 7 companions of the
Christian Brothers Schools, one of whom was born in Argentina, becoming the
first saint of this country. The martyrs died together with Passionist
priest Fr. Inocencio de la Inmaculada, during the 1934 revolution in
Asturias, Spain. The other new saint, of this first group, is Jaume Hilari,
who was killed in Tarragona three years later, in mid Civil War. Together
with the 10 martyrs, the Pope also proclaimed the sanctity of two Italian
religious: Brother Benito Menni (1841-1914), a Hospitaler of St. John of
God; and Franciscan Tommaso da Cori (1655-1729), an exceptional preacher
To Die for Christ
John Paul II summarized the testimony of the martyrs of the Spanish
persecution, by quoting Jaume Hilari's words just before dying: "Friends:
to die for Christ is to reign." The Holy Father spoke these words in
Catalan, the new saint's native language.
"Not being afraid of spilling their blood for Christ, they conquered death
and now participate in the glory of the Kingdom of God. That is why today I
have the joy of inscribing them in the catalogue of saints, proposing them
to the universal Church as models of Christian life and our intercessors
before God," the Holy Father said.
Martyrs -- Not War Heroes
The Pope was very clear that the canonizations had no political undertones
whatsoever. "They are not heroes of a human war in which they did not
participate, but were educators of youth. In their capacity as consecrated
men and teachers, they faced their tragic end as a real testimony of faith,
giving the last lesson of their life with their martyrdom."
The Pope evoked the memory of Benito Menni, founder of the Congregation of
Hospitaler Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, in addition to being the
restorer of the Order of St. John of God in Spain and Portugal in the mid
19th century. St. Benito was a real Samaritan, who made the care of the
elderly, abandoned children, polio victims and the mentally ill --
according to the Hospitaler charism of the Order of St. John of God -- the
guide of his life.
"On this day of Christ the King, St. Benito Menni illuminates, with the
example of his life, those who wish to follow the Master's footsteps on the
roads of welcome and hospitality," the Pope said.
Finally, the Holy Father remembered Tommaso da Cori, a Franciscan who,
thanks to his preaching, confessions and spiritual retreats, at the end of
the 17th century and beginning of the 18th, incarnated the evangelical
counsel of the total gift of self to God and his fellow men.
"The 12 new saints, that today I have the glory of proposing for veneration
to the people of God, point out the way that must be followed to be
prepared for the Great Jubilee of the Year 2000," the Pope said, in
explaining the reasons for the proclamation of these saints at this
particular time. "The saints show us the road to the Kingdom of Heaven, the
Gospel road lived radically. At the same time, they support us in our
serene certainty that all created reality finds its fulfillment in Christ."
There were some 3,700 Spanish pilgrims in St. Peter's Basilica for the
occasion. The Basilica was beautifully decorated with yellow flowers that
came to life under the bright lighting. There were also Italian, Mexican
and Argentinean pilgrims present, including outgoing President Carlos
Menem, who wished to honor the memory of the first saint born in his country.
The Pope concelebrated Mass with Cardinal Antonio Maria Rouco, Archbishop
of Madrid, and the Pope's Vicar for the diocese of Rome, Cardinal Camillo
Ruini, as well as bishops from the new saints' dioceses, the Superior
Generals of the Passionists and Hospitalers of St. John of God, and several
After two year renovation, St. Francis Basilica will reopen its doors next Sunday
Two years and two months, forty million dollars later the magnificent Basilica of St. Francis will finally reopen in Assisi. To many it is a miracle after the devastation centered around the deaths and destruction from the Umbria earthquakes in September of 1997. The Holy Father, by special hookup from St. Peter's, will address those in attendance in Assisi for the rededication which just made it in time for the Jubilee Year celebrations. For more, click on Assisi Basilica to reopen.
ST. FRANCIS BASILICA READY TO REOPEN
ROME (CWNews.com) - The restoration of St. Francis Basilica
in Assisi following a 1997 earthquake is nearly complete and
reopening ceremonies will take place as scheduled on
November 28, said Italy's cultural minister on Thursday.
Giovanna Melandri said restorers had nearly finished
putting back 300,000 pieces of frescoes that collapsed to
the ground during the September 26, 1997 earthquake that
killed four people in the church. Work on the ceiling
frescoes by the school of Giotto and Cimabue will continue
after the ceremonies. Only the lower level of the famed
basilica remained open as a $40 million restoration raced
the calendar to reopen in time for the Jubilee Year.
Italy's president will attend the rededication Mass while
Pope John Paul II will address the congregation during a
live satellite hookup from Rome.
For more headlines and articles, we suggest you go to the Catholic World News site at the
CWN home page and Church News at Noticias Eclesiales and the features, dossiers and Daily Dispatches at ZENIT International News Agency. CWN, NE and ZENIT are not affiliated with the Daily CATHOLIC but provide this service via e-mail to the Daily CATHOLIC Monday through Friday.
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November 22, 1999 volume 10, no. 221 DAILY CATHOLIC