DAILY CATHOLIC     FRI-SAT-SUN     November 19-21, 1999     vol. 10, no. 220


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Historical Events in Church Annals for November 19:

  • 461 A.D.
  • Pope Saint Hilary becomes the 46th successor of Peter when this Cagliarian-born priest succeeds the Pope Saint Leo the Great who he followed in political thought, deciding that a certain level of culture was needed in order to become a priest and that popes and bishops should not nominate their successors. Hilary would also institute an apostolic vicariate in Spain.

  • 498 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Anastasius II, 50th successor of Peter, who had been elected on November 24, 496. During his two year pontificate he brought about the conversion of Clovis, King of the Franks, and of his people. It was the beginning of a long faith relationship with France. Unfortunately Anastasius was weak with the schismatics and was even accused of heresy. It was this Pope who the poet Dante Alighieri placed in hell in "Dante's Inferno" but it was unfair for Anastasius was a good man who the opposition painted as weak and incompetent.

  • 1302 A.D.
  • Pope Boniface VIII issues his famous "Unam sanctam" Papal Bull on the supremacy of the spiritual over the temporal power. It would have had even more impact had it not been for Boniface's bitter fued with Charles IV, equally stubborn king of France.

  • 1523 A.D.
  • Cardinal Giulio de' Medici is chosen 219th successor of Peter, taking the name Pope Clement VII. This Firenze-born pontiff would go on to reign for 11 years, but was unable to curb the bitter struggle between Catholics and the Lutherans of the Protestant Revolt. He would excommunicate King Henry VIII and the faith would be lost in England with the establishment of the State-run Anglican Church. Clement celebrated the 9th Jubilee in1525.

  • 1544 A.D.
  • Pope Paul III, 220th successor of Peter, officially announces the landmark 19th Ecumenical Council, also known as the Council of Trent in the Tridentine mountain village in northern Italy.

Historical Events in Church Annals for November 20:

  • 1168 A.D.
  • Death of the antipope Paschal III who was set on the throne by the meddling, disobedient and excommunicated Emperor Frederick Barbarossa against the recognized soveriegn pontiff Pope Alexander III, 170th successor of Peter. Paschal, Frederick's puppet, had locked himself in a stronghold next to St. Peter's for protection and died there on this date.

  • 1761 A.D.
  • Birth of Francisco Castiglioni in Cingoli, Italy. He would go on to become a priest and cardinal and on April 5, 1829 be elected the 253rd successor of Peter taking the name Pope Pius VIII. His greatest strength was expanding missionary activity throughout the world.

  • 1890 A.D.
  • Pope Leo XIII issues his 36th encyclical Catholicae Ecclesiae dealing with slavery in the missions in declaring it totally against God's Holy Will.

  • 1947 A.D.
  • Pope Pius XII releases his 12th encyclical Mediator Dei on the sacred liturgy.

Historical Events in Church Annals for November 21:

  • 235 A.D.
  • Pope Saint Anterus becomes the 19th successor of Peter. This Grecian born pontiff's reign would be short-lived, being martyred by the Emperor Maximus, a barbarian from Thrace, on January 3, 236. Before giving up his life for Our Lord, Anterus ordered that the acts and relics of the martyrs be gathered together and kept in churches in a place called the "scrinium."

  • 496 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Gelasius I, 49th successor of Peter. During his four-and-a-half-year papacy he instituted the Code for the uniforming of ceremonies and rites. Because of his charity he was called the "Father of the Poor." He maintained the supremacy of the Church over that of kings and inserted the "Kyrie eleison" into the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

November 19-21, 1999 FRI-SAT-SUN       volume 10, no. 220


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