DAILY CATHOLIC    FRI-SAT-SUN     May 21-23, 1999     vol. 10, no. 99

MILLENNIUM MILESTONES & MEMORIES: TIME CAPSULES

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SECTION ONE and SECTION TWO and SECTION THREE

Historical Events in Church Annals for May 21:

  • 996 A.D.
  • Two weeks after becoming the 138th successor of Peter, Pope Gregory V crowns Otto III as Holy Roman Emperor in St. Peter's, making Otto protector of the Church. Coincidentally, it was also on the Solemnity of the Ascension just as we celebrate it today in 1998.

  • 1170 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Godric, an English hermit who was known for his austerity, gifts of prophecy, knowledge of events far off in the future, and visions. He died on this date in Finchdale, England in a hermitage.

  • 1254 A.D.
  • Death of Conrad IV, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor and son of Frederick II of Hohenstaufenwho, along with his father and his sons were thorns in the side of the Holy See.

  • 1521 A.D.
  • Birth of Philip II who would go on to become the King of Spain and form an alliance with the Holy League that would lead to the victory over the Turks at Lepanto fifty years later. His monarchy was one of contradiction. While his policies and military prowess helped preserve Catholicism in Spain, his marriage to Queen Mary of England, daughter of Henry VIII by Catherine of Aragon, backfired in that the English, because of their distrust for her and the Spanish Catholic influence, rebelled and embraced Protestantism in retaliation for the harshness of Mary's actions as Queen, dubbing her "Bloody Mary" for her order to burn heretics at the stake.

  • 1536 A.D.
  • Catholic Bishops and clergy are ostracized in Geneva, Switzerland as the Protestant Reformation is officially adopted bringing great consternation to Pope Paul III.

  • 1542 A.D.
  • Death of Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto who had discovered the Mississippi River and helped bring the faith to middle America through the missionaries he had in his garrisons.

  • 1861 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Eugene de Mazenod, Bishop and Founder of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate in Marseilles, France. He was canonized by Pope John Paul II on December 3, 1995 and his feast is celebrated with great triumph in Canada. For more, see WEEKEND DAILY LITURGY

Historical Events in Church Annals for May 22:

  • 337 A.D.
  • Death of Constantine the Great, the Roman Emperor who liberated Christianity. His mother was Saint Helena who discovered the Holy Cross. After three centuries of severe persecutions throughout the Roman Empire, Constantine made Catholicism the state religion and from that time on Christians were free to worship and the faith flourished.

  • 1457 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Rita in Cascia, Italy. After being abused through an eighteen year marriage where she had two sons, both her unfaithful husband and her children were killed and she became a nun in 1413. She was renowned for her austerity and charity and is said to have wrought many miracles including the stigmata on her forehead after hearing a sermon on the crown of thorns. Canonized by Pope Leo XIII at the turn of the century, Rita is the patron saint of desperate causes.

  • 1509 A.D.
  • Death of Henry VII, the first of the Tudor monarchy and the one who defeated the House of Warwick and Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field, thus ending the War of the Roses with Henry's marriage to Elizabeth of York. Henry VII was also the last loyal Catholic King of England. His notorious successor and son Henry VIII eventually caused all of England to break away from Rome and the faith.

  • 1545 A.D.
  • Pope Paul III calls the Council of Trent, inviting both the Catholic Bishops and Protestant leaders of the Reformation to gather in the mountainous city of Trent, Italy for dialog. The Protestants refuse but the Council will go on regardless and thank God it did for it solidified and strengthened Holy Mother Church in a time when she could have been ripped apart by dissension.


Historical Events in Church Annals for May 23:

  • 1192 A.D.
  • Richard I of England recaptures Daron during the Third Crusade.

  • 1430 A.D.
  • Saint Joan of Arc is taken prisoner by the Burgundians who ransom her to the English.

  • 1533 A.D.
  • The marriage of Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void by Thomas Cranmer who Henry appointed Archbishop of Canterbury after Saint Thomas More resigned in protest for he believed marriage is indissoluble and he could not in good conscience find a legitimate reason to annul the marriage.


May 21-23, 1999 FRI-SAT-SUN       volume 10, no. 99
TIME CAPSULES

DAILY CATHOLIC

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