Death of Saint Godric, an English hermit who was known for his austerity, gifts of prophecy, knowledge of events far off in the future, and visions. He died on this date in Finchdale, England in a hermitage.
Death of Conrad IV, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor and son of Frederick II of Hohenstaufenwho, along with his father and his sons were thorns in the side of the Holy See.
Birth of Philip II who would go on to become the King of Spain and form an alliance with the Holy League that would lead to the victory over the Turks at Lepanto fifty years later. His monarchy was one of contradiction. While his policies and military prowess helped preserve Catholicism in Spain, his marriage to Queen Mary of England, daughter of Henry VIII by Catherine of Aragon, backfired in that the English, because of their distrust for her and the Spanish Catholic influence, rebelled and embraced Protestantism in retaliation for the harshness of Mary's actions as Queen, dubbing her "Bloody Mary" for her order to burn heretics at the stake.
Catholic Bishops and clergy are ostracized in Geneva, Switzerland as the Protestant Reformation is officially adopted bringing great consternation to Pope Paul III.
Death of Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto who had discovered the Mississippi River and helped bring the faith to middle America through the missionaries he had in his garrisons.
Death of Saint Eugene de Mazenod, Bishop and Founder of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate in Marseilles, France. He was canonized by Pope John Paul II on December 3, 1995 and his feast is celebrated with great triumph in Canada. For more, see WEEKEND DAILY LITURGY
Death of Saint Rita in Cascia, Italy. After being abused through an eighteen year marriage where she had two sons, both her unfaithful husband and her children were killed and she became a nun in 1413. She was renowned for her austerity and charity and is said to have wrought many miracles including the stigmata on her forehead after hearing a sermon on the crown of thorns. Canonized by Pope Leo XIII at the turn of the century, Rita is the patron saint of desperate causes.
Death of Henry VII, the first of the Tudor monarchy and the one who defeated the House of Warwick and Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field, thus ending the War of the Roses with Henry's marriage to Elizabeth of York. Henry VII was also the last loyal Catholic King of England. His notorious successor and son Henry VIII eventually caused all of England to break away from Rome and the faith.
Pope Paul III calls the Council of Trent, inviting both the Catholic Bishops and Protestant leaders of the Reformation to gather in the mountainous city of Trent, Italy for dialog. The Protestants refuse but the Council will go on regardless and thank God it did for it solidified and strengthened Holy Mother Church in a time when she could have been ripped apart by dissension.
Saint Joan of Arc is taken prisoner by the Burgundians who ransom her to the English.
The marriage of Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void by Thomas Cranmer who Henry appointed Archbishop of Canterbury after Saint Thomas More resigned in protest for he believed marriage is indissoluble and he could not in good conscience find a legitimate reason to annul the marriage.
"Recently we were officially informed that no more foreign priests could come to Belarus because the Catholic Church now has a seminary of its own and the first priests were already trained," reported Cardinal Kazimierz Swiatek. At age 84, the cardinal serves as archbishop of Minsk and bishop of Pinsk. Condemned to death in 1939, he was imprisoned for a decade and in 1991 became the first Catholic bishop in Belarus for almost 50 years.
Since that time the first seminary has received 25 candidates for the priesthood annually -- not enough to replenish the parishes, ninety percent of which were destroyed or confiscated by the Communists. The initial rebuilding of the Church has been made possible by 130 Polish priests who have come to serve in Belarus since the early 1990s. These foreign priests -- seven of whom serve in the Chernobyl diocese -- are those affected by this government decree.
Cardinal Swiatek said, "We are most heavily restricted at the administrative level. The priests who come from abroad require permission from the state, without which they cannot carry out their ministry as priests." Despite severe restrictions the Cardinal said he will press on rebuilding and restoring the Catholic Church. When asked what gives him the strength to continue his work, the cardinal replied, "The Church in Belarus is led by the Holy Spirit, by God. I am only His instrument."
The papal document, Ex Corde Ecclesia, called on Catholic colleges to more readily adhere to their Catholic identity and Church teaching and asked bishops' conferences to play a greater guiding role. In a draft proposal last year on implementing the directives of the letter, the US bishops proposed that every university president take the Oath of Fidelity, that Catholics constitute the majority of faculty if possible, and that local bishops exercise control over the appointment of theology professors. The ACCU said it opposed all three proposals.
Some Catholic educators have expressed sometimes vociferous opposition to greater control over the schools by the Vatican or bishops, claiming that academic freedom will be hindered. But the 1990 Vatican documents contends that colleges have academic freedom only "within the confines of the truth and the common good." A bishops' committee is expected to consider proposed changes to the draft proposal at their annual spring meeting June 28-29. The revised version will then be brought before the whole conference of bishops for a vote in November.
The occasion was propitious when the Pope greeted 120 members of the NATO Defense College, and 2,500 Polish compatriots who came to Rome to celebrate the 55th anniversary of the memorable battle of Monte Cassino.
"I am always pleased to greet the NATO Defense College, recognizing your organization's role in the service of peace. Today, unfortunately, the Balkans are without peace, and we are witnesses daily of the great suffering of so many of our brothers and sisters. I urge you to keep clearly before you the need for everyone to work to insure that dialogue and negotiation will succeed in bringing an end to violence in the area," the Pope told them.
When greeting his compatriots, who were led by Cardinal Josef Glemp, Primate of Poland, the Pope addressed the soldiers who took part in the battle of Monte Cassino, "inscribed forever in the history of Poland and Europe."
John Paul II was referring to the battle for the conquest of the Benedictine monastery, a powerful obstacle in 1944 to the progress of the Allied Armies who fought all the way up the Italian peninsula on their way to Rome. Among the many incidents was the battle of an Anglo-Polish division of 300,000 soldiers, in which 150,000 died. The German force had 60,000 men, 20,000 of whom lost their life. In addition, 6,577 Frenchmen, of a division of 15,000 soldiers, died. The Polish regiments were in the font lines of the assault which, as the numbers reveal, had extremely heavy casualties.
According to the Holy Father, who had personal friends among the victims, the "Polish soldier fought for a just cause." It is important to understand the reasons which justified the use of arms against the Nazi domination. The Poles were fighting to guarantee "the right of the nation's existence, to independent existence, to social life in the spirit of national convictions and religious traditions, and the sovereignty of the State itself," the Pope explained. ZE99051905
The proposal by Rep. Loretta Sanchez, D-California, would have allowed military women or dependents use their own funds to pay for abortions at military hospitals. The current law only allows abortions in case of rape or incest or when the life of the mother is endangered. Public funds can only be used to perform abortions in such hospitals when the life of the mother is threatened.
The committee did expand the circumstances under which public funds could be used for abortions to include pregnancies that resulted from rape or incest reported to law enforcement authorities, but excluding cases of statutory rape.
For more headlines and articles, we suggest you go to the Catholic World News site at the CWN home page and Church News at Noticias Eclesiales and ZENIT International News Agency. These news services are not affiliated with the Daily CATHOLIC but provide this service via e-mail to the Daily CATHOLIC Monday through Friday.