Death of Saint Frances of Rome, religious founder. For more on this saint, see DAILY LITURGY.
Pope Nicholas V is the last Roman Pontiff to perform a coronation of an emperor when he crowns Frederick III as the Holy Roman German emperor.
Death of Saint Catherine de Vigri a patrician lady who gave it all up to become a Poor Clare nun and dedicate her life to God as abbess of the cloistered contemplatives. God rewarded her with many mystical encounters with Jesus and His Blessed Mother which are recorded in her diary titled "Manifestations". Like Saint Bernadette her body remains incorrupt today behind glass in Bologna. Many miracles have been attributed to her after her death. She was canonized by Pope Clement XI in 1712.
Birth of Saint Aloysius Gonzaga in Lombardy to an aristocratic family who served the court of King Philip II of Spain. While his father pushed him toward a military career, he felt the pull toward the priestly life and would enter the seminary of the Society of Jesus and go on to serve others and teach catechism to the poorest of poor in Rome while a seminarian. He would die on his feast day of June 21, 1591 at the age of 23, succumbing to the plague. He was canonized in 1726 by Pope Benedict XIII and declared Patron Saint of Catholic youth by Pope Pius XI.
Death of Saint Dominc Savio in Mondonio, Italy. A protege of Saint John Bosco, Dominic, born in Riva, Italy in 1842 to a peasant family of ten children, was blessed with mystical gifts experiencing visions and private revelation messages, many of which were conveyed by John Bosco to Pope Pius IX. He was a victim soul who died from tuberculosis on this date at the tender age of 15. St. John Bosco helped hasten his canonization by serving as his Postulator for his cause. He became the youngest non-martyred saint to be canonized in the Church when Pope Pius XII elevated him to sainthood in 1954, proclaiming him Patron Saint of choirs and juvenile delinquents.
In these days I am asking all of my children to live my messages and to read Sacred Scripture from which all of my messages come. Do not read everything, but only that which the Holy Spirit guides you to read. Put aside all curiosity which leads to anxiety. Rather, ponder in your heart Sacred Scripture and my messages, particularly before the Blessed Sacrament. In this way you will have peace and joy, knowing your Heavenly Father cares for you always.
I love and bless you. Thank you for responding to my Call!
Please say to my little ones everywhere, I, your Heavenly Mother, am sorrowful for you have not awakened from your slumber and you do not will to do so. The Hour of Great Trial is upon you and the Moment of Divine Justice has already passed the horizon.
If you do not change your lives events will worsen and all the world will suffer, as mankind has never suffered since the beginning. But for all who are gathered into the Refuge of my Son's Sacred Heart through my Immaculate Heart, I solemnly tell you: Be not afraid. Do not be anxious or curious. Rather be constant, daily crying out to God to increase your faith. This must be the time when you earnestly seek unity of mind and heart through the grace of the Holy Spirit. Let there be a spirit of joy. Help one another in charity that knows no limits, and therefore you shall experience peace and joy.
I solemnly tell you that you must know and live your faith. By this living you bear the mark of my Divine Son's Cross and you shall receive extraordinary graces to assist you in all you do.
For all who are called - I beseech you to come now to my places of physical refuge where the Holy Spirit shall form you in unity. Be Eucharistic, a prayer-filled community, having put aside the world while ceaselessly praying for all mankind. Let all who are beneath my Immaculate Mantle assist. My places of refuge must begin now, and I beseech all to be living charity, giving to my physical refuges the means necessary to be built, to grow and be sustained.
Little children, you cannot understand how vital are these Eucharistic Communities where I call many but not everyone to live in community. These places shall please the Father and Mercy shall rain down and my Immaculate Heart shall triumph sooner.
Pray! Pray! Pray! I love and bless you. Thank you for responding to my Call!
Those beatified included eight martyrs of the Spanish Civil War. Blessed Vincent Soler and his 7 companions-- all Augustinian monks-- died in Motril, near Grenada, in 1936, along with Blessed Manuel Martin Sierra, a diocesan priest. Pope John Paul II referred to them as "simple men of peace, far removed from all political debate, who had worked for the faith in missionary territories-- in the Philippines, Brazil, Argentina, and Venezuela- - and who were engaged in social and educational work in Spain." He asked their intercession for "those who work for reconciliation in the world of today."
The Pope also pronounced the beatification of Nicolas Barre, a French monk of the 17th century and founder of Parisian schools which now serve thousands of young people. Some 7,000 students from those schools were present at the beatification ceremony, to hear the Pope praise Blessed Nicolas Barre as a model educator, who worked at a time when many people lived in "religious ignorance," and who fought valiantly against the corrupting tendencies of secular thought in his day.
Blessed Anna Schaffer, a Bavarian lay woman born in 1882, suffered crippling injuries in an accident that occurred when she was 19. Confined to her bed for most of her remaining years, she entered into an intense life of mystical prayers, identifying her own suffering with that of Jesus on the Cross. Her fame spread along with reports that she had been marked with the stigmata: the wounds of the Passion. Soon after her death in 1925, her tomb became a popular site for pilgrimages.
As Pope John Paul presided at the beatification ceremonies, the concelebrants included Cardinals Jean-Marie Lustiger of Paris and Friedrich Wetter of Munich, as well as Archbishop Antonio Canizares Llovera of Grenada.
Pope John Paul has now presided at 819 beatifications, in 114 separate ceremonies, of which 47 have taken place at the Vatican. He has also led 35 canonization ceremonies, proclaiming a total of 280 new saints.
The cardinal opened a national conference on the culture of life by stressing the importance of the Gospel of Life over other issues. "This is a demon .... This has to be diabolic, what's happening in our country, the culture of death," he said. He also said he accepted the epithets which opponents hurl at him. "Call me a right-wing fundamentalist. Call me a religious nut. This changes nothing. To claim the right to kill the innocent is to claim the right to be God," the cardinal said.
Cardinal O'Connor urged pro-lifers to persevere -- "despite legal setbacks" -- in their struggle against the culture of death by promoting "nonviolence, adoptions, and street marches while denouncing attacks on abortionists."
Church News from Noticias Eclesias also reported that the Archbishop of New York said that "in our society, law has become the great teacher. What we do as gods is change our laws to fit our determination of good and evil".
"On this afternoon I am proud to present to you the beginning of the pilgrimage of the university youth Cross", the Pope said, greeting in different languages the youth of diverse parts of the world "connected with us through Vatican Radio".
In his message, the Holy Father summoned the gift of reconciliation in favor of university youth. "We have meditated on the mystery of God our Father, of whom Mary is the first witness, and we have summoned for the university students of the whole world the gift of reconciliation and of mercy", he said. He also asked youth to "recognize in the cross the most eloquent sign of the mercy of the Lord, capable of provoking in every academic community a renovated impulse toward He who is the foundation and certainty of every itinerary of intellectual search".
The riot broke out in Bandung, the West Java capital, when about 500 people started attacking homes and a shop in the Chinese neighborhood. Witnesses said the mob was angry over the use of the residential complex as a place of Christian worship.
Indonesia is the most populous Muslim nation in the world, while most of the small, ethnic Chinese minority is Catholic. Religious and ethnic tensions in Indonesia have exploded in recent months with more than 200 people killed in the Spice Islands city of Ambon since December. At least four people were killed and 11 severely wounded in new clashes in Ambon, where there is a large Catholic population, on Monday. On Sunday, more than 100,000 Muslims marched through Jakarta to protest the military's failure to stop the Ambon violence and promising a holy war.
From Christchurch, New Zealand, Nobel Peace Prize winner Bishop Carlos Belo of Dili, East Timor said on Monday he completely supported the call by US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright for an international presence in his country. He said he also shared her concerns regarding the arming by the Indonesian military of pro-Indonesia East Timorese.
"The future prosperity of East Timor depends so much on a peaceful resolution to this conflict," the bishop said. "It is vital that all sides surrender their guns so that we can begin the process of dialogue." Bishop Belo, who was at the end of a three-week visit to Australia and New Zealand, said he was very encouraged by offers of support he had received from both the Australian and New Zealand governments.
"It is reassuring to hear that the governments of New Zealand, Australia, and the United States have given their support to an international presence in East Timor," he said. "We must do everything we can to avoid further bloodshed."