Martyrdom of Saint Jonas and companion martyrs
Death of Pope Stephen IX, 154th successor of Peter. Born in Lorraine, this first Belgian Pontiff was elected on August 2, 1057. Known for raising the moral standards of the clergy and laity, his pontificate lasted less than a year. He surrounded himself with learned and renowned counsellors who assisted him in all political matters and forbade matrimony between blood relations.
Death of English-born Saint Stephen Harding, abbott and reformer of the Cistercians. He is also remembered as tutor of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux.
Pope Innocent II greets returning Knights of the Templar from the Holy Lands during the crusades and declares they are an official independent unit within Holy Mother Church. Over the years this privilege would be abused and the Templars would be condemned.
The Catholic fraternal organization Knights of Columbus founded by Father Michael J. McGivney in New Haven, Connecticutt to fulfill the corporal and spiritual works of mercy, especially for widows and poor families, receives its charter.