Monday thru Friday at
See why so many consider the
Daily CATHOLIC as the
"USA Today for CATHOLICS!"
March 22, 1999
SECTION TWO vol 10, no. 56
To print out entire text of Today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION THREE and SECTION ONE
Angola's Cardinal Alexandre do Nascimento is the shining light in a land torn by the darkness of war and insurrection.
Our thirty-fourth red hat we feature, in alphabetical order is 74 year-old Cardinal Alexandre do Nascimento, the Archbishop of Luanda and Angola's first Cardinal in its history. He has experienced the lows of being held hostage for a month by Angolan rebels and the highs of the cardinalate during the Consistory of February 2, 1983. For more on Cardinal do Nascimento, click on COLLEGE OF CARDINALS COLLECTION
34. Cardinal Alexandre do Nascimento
Cardinal Alexandre do Nascimento has experienced the gauntlet of Christianity - from the highs of receiving his red-hat at the age of 53 to being held hostage by Angolan guerrillas. Born on March 1, 1925 in Malanje, Angola in southwestern Africa, he was moved by the missionary priests in his village and felt the calling to the priesthood that saw him become one on December 20, 1952 at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome where he had studied at the Gregorian Pontifical University. After ordination he returned for post graduate work, receiving his doctorate in theology before returning to Africa where he taught dogmatic theology at the major seminary in Luanda on the west coast of Angola and preached at the Cathedral there where people flocked to hear him. He also became editor of O Apostolada, a Catholic newspaper for Angola's Catholics until civil war broke out in 1961 in a bitter war against Portuguese rule that would last until 1974. He was forced to take refuge in Lisbon, Portugal for ten years but returned to his native land in 1971 during a cease-fire actively involved with students and refugee groups in preserving the faith in war-torn Angola. He was named professor at the Pius XII Institute of Social Sciences as well as Secretary of the Angolan Caritas. On August 31, 1975, Pope Paul VI elevated him to bishop of Malanje, the place of his birth.
In 1976 the Marxist MPLA, with military help from Cuba, had overtaken the government as civil war broke out again. Despite this unrest, on February 3, 1977 Pope Paul VI promoted Bishop do Nascimento to Archbishop of Lubango and appointed him Apostolic Administrator of Onjiva. The situation remained tense through the next several years and on October 15, 1982 Angolan guerillas captured Archbishop do Nascimento, using him as leverage to meet their demands and throwing the Catholic population into fear, prompting a massive prayer crusade for his release which thankfully came a month later on November 16th. Three months after his release Pope John Paul II rewarded him for his courage and perseverance by naming him in the Consistory of February 2, 1983.
Upon receiving his red-hat he was given the titular church of St. Mark in Agro Laurentino and three years later on February 16, 1986 elevated to Archbishop of Luanda, a position he still holds. In addition, he serves on the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and the Congregation for Catholic Education.
Cardinal do Nascimento is the first cardinal ever from Angola, a country established for Catholicism in 1491. Like the persecutions of the early Christians, Angolan Catholics underwent tremendous hardships after the country gained its independence in the seventies for many of the foreign missionaries were forced out, leaving the laity with a severe shortage of priests to minister to them. Even today the situation in Angola remains very tense. Yet Catholics make up over half the population of this country of unrest with over six and a half million ministered to by considerably less than 500 priests. But, like the blood of the martyrs of the early Church, the seeds of Christianity are bearing fruits in this land with nearly a thousand seminarians ready to take their place in their native land guided by Cardinal do Nascimento the shining light in this land torn by the darkness of war and insurrection.
Suffering with Him in reparation for those who mock Our Lord
Meditative Lessons on the Sorrowful Mysteries
In Our Lady's meditation from Lesson 8 THE TRIAL BEFORE THE SANHEDRIN, she confides in us what she felt as her Divine Son underwent the most vial of trials and warns us to be prepared, and gives us pointers on how to prepare to fend off the ravages of satan in her words to her children. These meditative lessons, imparted by Our Lady to the Hidden Flower of the Immaculate Heart during Lent of 1993, are meant to inspire and prompt a greater understanding of the season of Lent in helping us all prepare for His Passion and Death, and ultimately the glorious Resurrection. These lessons help us realize that we, too, must suffer with Mary and Jesus in reparation for the countless souls who mock Him. For part three, click on "IT IS CONSUMMATED!"
Meditative Lesson 8:
THE TRIAL BEFORE THE SANHEDRIN
part three Our Lady's Meditation
O! My Little Ones. Behold my Divine Son so meek and humble of heart. How
the sight of Caiphas, already a rotting corpse, disgusted His purity. Yet
my Divine Son, even during this unjust mockery of a trial, looked at the
High Priest and there radiated from His holy eyes only love, mercy and
Caiphas, Annas and the many assembled had only to open their hearts to
truly "see," and they would have been forgiven for repentance would have
My Little Ones, look upon this scene and meditate how cleverly the evil
one and all his demons propel you by your weak will to great sin, and blind
you to Him Who is mercy and forgiveness.
Meditate, my Little Ones, upon your own human reaction when anyone speaks
against you in the slightest way. You instantly begin to speak, to defend
yourself. And your defense is based solely upon pride, which is of satan.
To defend yourself and prove yourself just and upright, you speak every ill
of your fellow-man, and as anger and pride join forces, your defense
becomes the same buffetings, spittle and abuse given my Divine Son.
Look upon Jesus Who as God had all the power. Caiphas, the Sanhedrin
possessed nothing more than pride. He, my Divine Son, by a single glance,
a thought could have halted all of their transgressions.
But He remained the meek Lamb in obedience to His Fatherís Will so that in
all future generations mankind might learn that in order to halt pride, to
stop anger and to advance in holiness one must speak very little but pray
Dear children, throughout all of His Passion, which truly began at the
moment of His Incarnation, my Divine Son prayed! His entire life was an
Infinite Sacrifice gladly given to the Father that men might be freed from
O! My Little Ones. Now in these end times it is necessary for you to
realize that even though my Divine Sonís Gospel has been preached in every
corner of the world, it is only a few who, in their hearts, have heard His
Doctrine and lived it. The world has turned to evil and embraced it with
open arms. Satan rules your world, every aspect of it because all of your
material possessions, your bodily comforts and amusements have been your
gods. You have fallen into the snare of the dragon, because you pronounce
my Sonís name and are instantly drawn back to your worldly pleasure.
Little children of my Immaculate Heart, I ask you to stand with my Divine
Son and care naught for the worldís opinion. I ask you to examine your
conscience and to realize how far from Him you have grown.
You have only to open your heart, surrender your will and be embraced by
Him. Even bound and chained my Divine Son wished to dispense mercy and
forgiveness. Had any of the rabble sought forgiveness they would have
found themselves embraced by His Sacred Heart, forever transformed.
I am asking each of you in these end times to give Jesus your heart daily.
Do this by your prayers, by fasting, by mortification, by reverence for
Him in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. Receive His forgiveness in the
sacrament of Penance and then fly to His embrace in the Holy Eucharist.
I love you. I exhort each of you to true repentance. In a contrite heart
there is no fear, for then does the soul see the love of the Father where
it has its eternal abode.
Pray! Meditate. Convert your hearts, for you are called to be apostles
of the end times.
NEXT INSTALLMENT: Part One of Lesson 9: THE ISCARIOT IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE BETRAYAL
Events Today in Church History
On this date in 1591 Pope Gregory XIV pronounced "All bets off" when he outlawed wagering on pontifical elections, lengths of a papacy and odds on who would be promoted to the cardinalate. This gambling frenzy had spiraled out of control among the curia and the Holy Father, three months after his election as the 229th successor of Peter, sought to put an end to the madness. For other pertinent events throughout the centuries that are memorable in Church history today, click on MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES
Historical Events in Church Annals for March 22:
Election of Stephen to succeed Pope Saint Zachary but he died from a stroke four days later before he was consecrated so he was never considered a Pope according to Canon Law. His immediate successor would be the true Stephen II.
Birth of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
Paris surrenders to King Henry IV of France
Saint Nicholas Von Flue of Switzerland is canonized by Pope Pius XII
Pope Gregory XIV bans all wagering on papal elections as well as betting on the length of a papal reign or when cardinal would be named and who.
Pope Pius XII publishes his eleventh encyclical Fulgens radiatur on Saint Benedict.
Today is the Fifth Monday of Lent with tomorrow continuing the Lenten Liturgy for the Fifth Tuesday of Lent as well as the Optional Feast of Saint Turibio de Mogrovejo, Bishop and Missionary. For the readings, liturgies, meditations and the vignette on St. Turibio, click on DAILY LITURGY.
Monday, March 22, 1999
Purple or violet vestments
First Reading: Daniel 13: 1-9, 15-17, 19-30, 33-62
Psalms: Psalm 23: 1-6
Gospel Reading: John 8: 1-11
Tuesday, March 23, 1999
Tuesday March 23:
Lenten Weekday and
Optional Feast of Saint Toribio de Mogrovejo, Bishop
Purple or violet vestments
First Reading: Numbers 21: 4-9
Psalms: Psalm 102: 2-3, 16-21
Gospel Reading: John 8: 21-30
Optional Feast of Saint Toribio de Mogrovejo, Bishop
Born in 1538 at Mayorga, Spain Saint Toribio Alfonso or Turibius taught law at the University of Salamanca where he caught the attention of King Philip II who appointed Toribio as chief judge of the Inquisition at Granada. Though still a layman, he was further appointed to the Archbishopric of Lima, Peru in 1580. Upon the announcement he received the Sacrament of Holy Orders before setting sail for the new world. There he discovered that his diocese stretched from Panama to Argentina and under his jurisdiction whom he counseled and encouraged were such luminary saints as Saint Rose of Lima, Saint Martin de Porres, Saint John Macias, and Saint Francis Solano. His greatest achievement was reforming the way the Indians were treated, fighting for the poor by founding many churches, schools, hospitals and clinics as well as the first seminary in 1591 where, within a few years, it was packed. Archbishop Toribio studied extensively learning the various dialects in order to better reach the people. It was on his way back to Lima from a pastoral visit to one of the Indian villages that he died in Santa, Peru on March 23, 1606. In 1726 Pope Benedict XIII canonized him.
PRAYERS & DEVOTION
Below is the first of several increments of the Prayer for Spiritual Renewal during Lent from the Treasury of Novenas booklet:
God, Heavenly Father, look upon us and hear our prayer during this holy Season of Lent. By the good works You insipire, help us to discipline our bodies and to be renewed in the spirit.
Daily Dose of curious contents of the Church:
Last week Pat Ludwa wrote about a priest who had been deposed in the Diocese of Rochester, New York. One is deposed for a very serious offense and the Vatican does not take it lightly. Deposition is the vindictive procedure under Canon Law 1335 and 1336 in which the Church suspends a cleric (priest) from the office he holds and he is deprived of all offices, dignities, and privileges of his position. He is forbidden to practice many particulars and benefices of his office yet he is not reduced to the lay state and therefore must continue to practice celibacy and recite the Breviary as dictated by the statutes of the priesthood. Most often he is not allowed to celebrate Mass and must abide by the restrictions placed upon him. There is a big difference between "Deposition" and what the Church refers to as the anniversary of the burial of a saint which is called "Day of Deposition." It also has nothing to do with a deposition in civil law. For more we refer you to The Catholic Encyclopedia at New Advent Catholic Supersite. (source: Catholic Encyclopedia, Thomas Nelson Publishers).
Click here to go to SECTION THREE or return to SECTION ONE or click here to return to the graphics front page of this issue.
March 22, 1999 volume 10, no. 56 DAILY CATHOLIC