Attila the Hun, the Scourge of Rome who was turned away at the gates of Rome when he met face to face with Pope Leo the Great, dies.
Death of Pope Saint Zachary, 91st successor of Peter. This Calabria-born Pontiff was elected on December 10, 741. During his eleven year pontificate he strongly opposed Rachis, Duke of Friuli who wanted to occupy all Italy. The latter afterwards became a monk. Zachary consecrated Pipin the Short as King of the Franks which made it the first ever investiture of a sovereign by a Roman Pontiff.
King Henry V of Germany, husband of Saint Matilda, defeats the Magyars opening more regions to receive the Holy Faith.
During the Second Crusade, King Alphonso I of Portugal captures the Moors fortress at Santarem to preserve the Holy Catholic Church in the southern regions in the West
Azzone Visconti, aligned with the antipope Nicholas V wrests control in Milan despite the protests of Pope John XXII
Christopher Columbus returns to Spain from Hispaniola
The Portuguese envoy and missionary to the Munhumutapa in southeast Africa Father da Silveira is martyred.
Death of Saint Louise de Marillac, co-founder with Saint Vincent de Paul of the Daughters of Charity. She was canonized in 1934 by Pope Pius XI and in 1960 Pope John XXIII declared her Patroness of Social Workers.
Sister St. Stanislaus Hachard becomes the first United States citizen to take vows in New Orleans on this date as an Ursuline nun.
Cardinal John McCloskey becomes the first United States Cardinal. This American-born Irish prelate was ordained on January 12, 1934 and became the first Bishop of Albany, New York in 1847. He was appointed Archbishop of New York City in 1864 and on this date Pope Pius IX named him to the cardinalate.
An unfortunate and disastrous event occurred on this date when allied bombers, trying to flesh out the Nazi snipers and axis troops holed up at the famous Benedictine Montecassino Monastery, peppered the region with bombs, destroying the millennium-old edifice where Saint Benedict found refuge and began the monastery in the year 525. For 1,419 years it stood proudly as a bastion for the faith withstanding constant barrages from outside forces, but was demolished in one day due to the technology of explosives.