DAILY CATHOLIC    FRI-SAT-SUN     March 12-14, 1999     vol. 10, no. 50


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Historical Events in Church Annals for March 12:

  • 295 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Maximilian, Martyr during the pontificate of Pope St. Caius.

  • 417 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Innocent I, 40th successor of Peter. Born in Albano outside Rome, he was elected on December 22, 401. During his sixteen year pontificate Rome was sacked by the Goths of Alaric. Innocent established the observance of the Roman rite. He persuaded the Roman emperor Honorius to prohibit gladiatorial contests in the arenas.

  • 604 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Gregory the Great, 64th successor of Peter and originator of Gregorian Chant. During the fourteen year papacy of this saintly Roman Pontiff, he reaffirmed the civil authority of the Pope, thus beginning the "temporal power." On the decline of the plague in Rome an angel appearered to him on a castle that was from then on called Castel Sant'Angelo and remains today at the entrance to Vatican City above the Tiber River. His feast day universally in the Church is on the same day he was elected in 590, September 3.

  • 1022 A.D.
  • Death of St. Simeon, commemorated in the Orthodox Church

  • 1144 A.D.
  • Cardinal Gherardo Caccianemici is elected the 166th successor of Peter choosing the name Pope Lucius II. His pontificate would last just under a year. Born in Bologna, he would be forced to govern during the disorders caused by Arnold of Brescia. He would also see the rise of the communes in Italy which would signal the end of the Middle Ages. He would die by being struck by a stone while trying to prevent an extremely grave riot in the streets.

  • 1173 A.D.
  • The martyr Saint Thomas a Becket, murdered in the cathedral, is canonized by Pope Alexander III

  • 1208 A.D.
  • St. Peter of Castelnau canonized by Pope Innocent III

  • 1566 A.D.
  • The Catholic Queen of Scots Mary Tudor flees to Dunbar Castle to escape a Protestant plot against her.

  • 1737 A.D.
  • Pope Clement XII allows the body of Galili Galileo to be moved to the church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy overturning a century-old edict against the Catholic astronomer whom the Inquisition had condemned and imprisoned during the pontificate of Pope Paul V.

  • 1939 A.D.
  • Ten days after being chosen the 260th successor of Peter, Pope Pius XII is crowned with the tiara in a lavish ceremony at St. Peter's. He would be the last Sovereign Pontiff to wear the three-tiered tiara or be coronated. His successor Pope John XXIII opted for a more simple, humble ceremony and his successors Popes Paul VI, John Paul I and John Paul II all followed suit.

Historical Events in Church Annals for March 13:

  • 483 A.D.
  • Pope Saint Felix III is elected the 48th successor of Peter. Born in Rome his pontificate would last almost nine years. He would try to restore peace in the disturbed Eastern Church. He was married and had two sons, on of which would go on to father the famous Pope Saint Gregory the Great. Felix would die on March 1, 492.

  • 732 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Gerald of County Mayo, abbot

  • 1138 A.D.
  • Conrad III, King of Germany, is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Innocent II

  • 1462 A.D.
  • The first bible manuscript is put on the press - the Gutenberg press. From this time on, not only would everyone be able to hear the Word, but see the Word. However, when the Word was changed by those who thought they knew better, the road led away from Rome and division was the result.

  • 1493 A.D.
  • Christopher Columbus leaves Lisbon, Portugal.

  • 1516 A.D.
  • Charles of Hapsburg is coronated as the King of Spain by Pope Leo X

  • 1599 A.D.
  • Birth of Saint John Berchmans, who would study to be a Jesuit and die while in the Novitiate. He was canonized in 1888 by Pope Leo XIII. He is the Patron Saint of Altar Servers.

  • 1615 A.D.
  • Birth of Antonio Pignatelli to aristocratic parents near Spanazzola, Italy. He would become a Jesuit priest, then bishop, be elected cardinal and Archbishop of Naples before being selected the 244th successor of Peter on May 18, 1721 taking the name Pope Innocent XIII.

Historical Events in Church Annals for March 14:

  • 968 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Matilda, Queen of Germany and mother of Otto the Great, the first Holy Roman Emperor.

  • 1009 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Boniface, Second Apostle of the Prussians. He is not to be confused with the original Saint Boniface, Apostle of Germany who died on June 5, 754.

  • 1558 A.D.
  • King Ferdinand of Spain assumes the title of Emperor without being crowned by Pope Paul IV because of the pontiff's alignment with Spain's bitter enemy France.

  • 1937 A.D.
  • Pope Pius XI publishes his encyclical Mit brennender Sorge to the German bishops on the Third Reich in which he condemned the Nazi philosophy.

March 12-14, 1999       volume 10, no. 50


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