DAILY CATHOLIC     TUESDAY     June 15, 1999     vol. 10, no. 115


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Historical Events in Church Annals for June 18:

  • 1155 A.D.
  • Pope Adrian IV or Hadrian IV, the only English Pope in the history of the pontiffs, crowns Frederick I Barbarossa as Holy Roman Emperor after the German king repented for refusing to hold the bridle of the Pope's mule, a tradition that Frederick broke and Adrian had retaliated by refusing him the kiss of peace at Mass. Though the Pope coronated Frederick, any benevolence between the two soon dissipated and for over a century there would be distrust and intrigue between the German kings and the Holy See.

  • 1164 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Elizabeth of Schonau, Benedictine abbess who experienced ecstacies, visions, and messages of prophecy. She also suffered greatly from bruises received in confrontations with the devil throughout her life.

  • 1464 A.D.
  • Pope Pius II becomes the first pope to lead a crusade, but his own personal crusade against Islam and the Koran never materializes as he died two months later, thus ending the last possible chance of an organized crusade. Since it never occurred, it is not included in the list of crusades.

  • 1859 A.D.
  • Pope Pius IX released his encyclical Qui nuper on Pontifical States.

Historical Events in Church Annals for June 19:

  • 325 A.D.
  • Pope Saint Sylvester I opens the First Ecumenical Council of Nicea where the Nicene Creed would be adopted by the Church.

  • 1097 A.D.
  • Crusaders capture the city of Nicea from the infidels during the First Crusade, called by Pope Urban II.

  • 1341 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Juliana Falconieri, virgin and foundress of the Servite nuns who died in Firenze at the age of 71 and was canonized by Pope Clement XII in 1731.

  • 1856 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Emily de Vialar, daughter of a baron who was left a fortune by her grandmother and used it to purchase and build several facilities to help the poor and sick, founding the Congregation of the Sisters of Saint Joseph of the Apparition in 1832. But politicis came into play with Bishop Dupuch of Algiers which closed the houses there, as well as seizing the motherhouse in Toulouse. No matter her struggles, she accepted all as God's Will, always claiming that she had plenty of trials, but that God was always there for her. Despite her struggles there were 40 houses operating when she died. She was canonized by Pope Pius XII in 1951.

Historical Events in Church Annals for June 20:

  • 840 A.D.
  • Death of King Louis I "the Pious", Holy Roman Emperor and son of Charlemagne, who worked closely with Pope Gregory IV in spreading the faith to the region of Gallia known as France. He was the last of the "pure" Holy Roman Emperors for on his death three claimed the throne - his son Louis, the notorious Lothair, and Louis I's brother Charles the Bald.

  • 981 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Adalbert of Magdeburg, bishop and Benedictine who was sent to Russia by Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great and became known as the great missionary to the Slavs.

  • 1499 A.D.
  • Queen Isabella, on the strong advice of Christopher Columbus and his findings, condemns the enslavement of the Indians discovered in the New World. Sadly, many avaricious men discarded her order and mistreated the "savages" for their own purposes.

  • 1632 A.D.
  • Lord George Calvert Baltimore receives the Charter to found the colony of Maryland, named after the Blessed Mother and open to all faiths, but especially a refuge for persecuted Catholics. To this day Baltimore remains a Catholic stronghold on the eastern seaboard.

June 18-20, 1999 FRI-SAT-SUN       volume 10, no. 118


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