DAILY CATHOLIC     FRI-SAT-SUN to FRI-SAT-SUN     July 9-18, 1999     vol. 10, no. 132

MILLENNIUM MILESTONES & MEMORIES: TIME CAPSULES

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SECTION ONE and SECTION TWO and SECTION THREE and SECTION FOUR and SECTION FIVE

Historical Events in Church Annals for July 9:

  • 1497 A.D.
  • Portuguese explorer Vasco Da Gama sets sale from Portugal enroute to India around the Cape of Good Hope, carrying with him missionaries to bring the faith to Southeast Asia.

  • 1504 A.D.
  • Death of Pietro da Vinci, father of Renaissance master Leonardo da Vinci who was encouraged to paint by his father, a strong Italian Catholic.


Historical Events in Church Annals for July 10:

  • 162 A.D.
  • Death of the seven martyrs who were the sons of Saint Felicitas during the persecution of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antonius.

  • 257 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Rufina and Saint Secunda, sisters who died for the faith during the persecution of Roman Emperor Valerian.

  • 938 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Benedict VII, 135th successor of Peter. He was a man of great virtue who tried with all his might to stem the debauchery and the shameful ignorance which pervaded Italy and the Christian world. He was a proponent of instructing all in agriculture as a necessary means for survival and for utilizing God's gifts.

  • 1073 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Antony Pechersky, a hermit who is often referred to as St. Anthony of the Caves. He established the first Russian monastery for Russian monks in Russia and is considered the father of Russian monasticism.

  • 1609 A.D.
  • Establishment of the Catholic League and approval by Pope Paul V. This was an alliance of Catholic countries in fighting against the persecutions of Catholics, especially in England and Germany, and led by the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.

Historical Events in Church Annals for July 11:

  • 155 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Pius I, 10th successor of Peter, as a martyr of the faith during the persecution of Roman Emperor Titus. Pius' rules for the conversion of Jews are considered to be important in Church evangelization.

  • 547 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Benedict, abbot and religious founder who is also known as the father of western monasticism. For more on this founder of the Benedictines, see LITURGY.

  • 969 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Olga, who is also known as Saint Helga. This Russian saint married the prince of Kiev and became ruler of Kiev after his murder which she avenged. She repented of her revenge when she became a Christian in 957 and changed her ways, moving many to convert to Christianity. Her greatest convert was her grandson Vladimir who would go on to evangelize Russia after her death at Kiev.

  • 1276 A.D.
  • Cardinal Ottobono Fieschi, through the strong influence and meddling of the Sicilian King Charles of Anjou, becomes the 186th successor of Peter and chooses the name Pope Hadrian V. Though his pontificate lasted only 39 days, he was never actually consecrated. He put ecclesiastical laws in order and suspended Pope Gregory X's norms concerning the conclave, which in future elections would be greatly debated.

  • 1533 A.D.
  • Pope Clement VII, despite trying every measure to persuade the king of England, has no choice but to excommunicate Henry VIII and declare his divorce from Catherine of Aragon null and void, upholding the insolubility of the sacrament of matrimony.


Historical Events in Church Annals for July 12:

  • 303 A.D.
  • Death of the martyrs Saint Nabor and Saint Felix who died for the faith in Milan during the last years of Roman Emperor Dioceletian's persecution.

  • 526 A.D.
  • Saint Felix IV becomes the 54th successor of Peter on this day. Though the King of the Goths Theodoric played a significant role in getting Felix elected and consecrated, when the king realized Felix' loyalty lay with Holy Mother Church and his flock rather than the monarch's own selfish interests, the king became infuriated and exiled Felix.

  • 1073 A.D.
  • Death of Saint John Gaulbert, Abbott. Educated by the Benedictines in Florence, he founded the famous Monastery of Valombrosa and played a big part in reforming religious houses which had strayed in discipline. On his tombstone was the title: "Liberator of Italy."

  • 1153 A.D.
  • A man named Corrado becomes Pope Anastasius IV, 168th successor of Peter. He served just under a year and a half, but through his gentleness of character he succeeded in bringing about the pacification of the temporal domains of the Church.


Historical Events in Church Annals for July 13:

  • 505 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Eugenius of Carthage, Bishop who was cruely treated by Arians in Tripoli. Though he was sentenced to die a martyr, a last minute order by the King Thrasimund banished him instead to Languedoc. There he died at a monastery on this day.

  • 939 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Leo VII, 126th Successor of Peter who reformed and reorganized monastic life. Leo hd the ancient Cenobite near the Basilica of St. Paul outside-the-walls rebuilt and wrote multiple letters to the French and German bishops condemning witchcraft and fortune telling.

  • 1024 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Henry II, Duke of Bavaria. For more, see our saints section in the LITURGY

  • 1590 A.D.
  • Birth of Emilio Altieri in Rome. He would go on to become a cardinal and be elected the 239th Successor of Peter on May 11, 1670 as Pope Clement X known for securing the nomination of John Sobieskyas King of Poland for his brilliant defeat of the Turks at the battle of Chaezim.

Historical Events in Church Annals for July 14:

  • 1093 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Ulrich of Zell, a monk of Cluny who had the gift of miracles, though he was blinded the last years of his life.

  • 1274 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Bonaventure, Franciscan scholar who studied with Saint Thomas Aquinas and Saint Dominic and counseled many Popes. For more, see his story in LITURGY.

  • 1570 A.D.
  • The new Tridentine missal containing the reforms of the Church and liturgy enacted at the Council of Trent officially goes into effect in all Roman Catholic churches throughout the world as so decreed by Pope Saint Pius V who stated that the Tridentine Mass would be said in perpetuity.

  • 1610 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Francis Solano, Spanish missionary who became known as "the Wonder Worker of the New World" for his efforts for God in Argentina, Paraguay, and Peru, where he died in Peru on this day. He was canonized in 1726 by Pope Benedict XIII.

  • 1614 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Camillus de Lellis, religious founder of the Ministers of the Sick (the Camellians). His confessor was Saint Philip Neri. In 1591 Pope Gregory XIV officially made the Camellians an order and St. Camillus dispatched his ministers to tend to the wounded troops in Hungary and Croatia, thus becoming the first field medical unit. He died in Rome and, along with Saint John of God is considered the patron of the sick. Pope Pius XI declared him Patron Saint of Nurses in this century.

Historical Events in Church Annals for July 15:

  • 338 A.D.
  • Death of Saint James of Nisibis, Bishop whose prayers played a great role in the demise of Arianism at the Council of Niceae.

  • 862 A.D.
  • Saint Swithin's Day. Though this British saint, who was a bishop, died on July 2, 862 the fifteenth of July has remained the day that if it rains on this day it will rain for forty days. This is of course a superstition but very popular in England on the ides of July.

  • 1015 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Vladimir I of Kiev, ruthless Russian ruler who, after converting to Christianity, became a gentle ruler who opened the door for Christianity to enter Russia. He built schools, churches and helped promulgate the faith there. He is considered the Patron Saint of Russian Catholics.

  • 1097 A.D.
  • 10,000 are killed at the capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade. .

  • 1430 A.D.
  • Saint Joan of Arc is unfairly accused of heresy and handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon of Beauvais.

  • 1575 A.D.
  • Saint Philip Neri receives papal approval from Pope Gregory XIII for his Congregation of the Oratory on this date and given the Church of St. Mary in Vallicela for the Oratorians' headquarters.

Historical Events in Church Annals for July 16:

  • 1054 A.D.
  • Pope Saint Leo IX excommunicates Michael Cerularius, the Patriarch of Constantinople who was responsible for the lasting schism of the Greek Church from Rome.

  • 1216 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Innocent III, 176th Successor of Peter, who re-established his temporal authority within the Papal states and actively promoted the Fourth Crusade as well as convening the 12th Ecumenical Council.

  • 1251 A.D.
  • Our Lady appears to Saint Simon Stock in England and bequeaths the protective scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. For more see LITURGY.

  • 1769 A.D.
  • Blessed Padre Junipero Serra, Spanish missionary founds the first of 21 missions in California at Mission San Diego de Alcala on a hillside in the eastern end of Mission Valley.

  • 1892 A.D.
  • Pope Leo XIII releases his encyclical on the Columbus Quadricentennial.

Historical Events in Church Annals for July 17:

  • 338 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Saint Leo IV, 103rd Successor of Peter who was the first pontiff to put the date on official documents. He confirmed the Venetians in their right to elect the Doge. He built walls around the Vatican Hill and the Leonine City.

  • 1198 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Nerses Lampronats, Archbishop of Tarsus. This Armenian saint did all in his power to reunite the Armenian Church with Rome.

  • 1245 A.D.
  • Pope Innocent IV excommunicates Frederick II Hohenstaufen, Holy Roman Emperor for heresy, breach of peace, and perjury.

  • 1270 A.D.
  • King Saint Louis XI of France and the 8th Crusade land in Carthage in North Africa.

  • 1505 A.D.
  • Martin Luther is accepted by the Augustinians into their monastery at Erfurt. Here satan would enter and tempt the monk to rebel against the Church forging his own agenda over God's Plan. As history has shown, despite the need for reforms within Holy Mother Church, Luther took the wrong path toward that goal.

Historical Events in Church Annals for July 18:

  • 64 A.D.
  • The deranged Roman Emperor Nero sets fire to Rome, blaming the Christians in hopes the populace would turn against them and swing public opinon towards him. Alas, as he fiddled the angels sang, welcoming countless souls into the Heavenly kingdom; a place the pagan emperor would likely never enter.

  • 398 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Marcellina, fourth century nun from Rome who gave herself totally to prayer. He was the older sister of Saint Ambrose.

  • 641 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Arnulf, Bishop of Metz who resigned his bishopric to retire to a hermitage - Remiremont Monastery where he spent the rest of his life in prayer.

  • 1216 A.D.
  • Censio Savelli becomes Pope Honorius III, 177th Successor of Peter. He would go on to organize the 5th Crusade with the help of Andrew II of Hungary. It was Honorius who defined in the Liber Censorium the rights of the popes and specified ceremonies for their election.

  • 1536 A.D.
  • King Henry VIII declares that the Pope's authority is null and void throughout England from this day hence. This, of course, came in retaliation after Pope Clement VII excommunicated the monarch for not upholding his own marriage and divorcing Catherine of Aragon.

July 9-18, 1999 FRI-SAT-SUN to FRI-SAT-SUN       volume 10, no. 132
TIME CAPSULES

DAILY CATHOLIC

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