Death of the Guardians of the Holy Word, African martyrs who were martyred during the reign of Diocletian because they refused to burn numerous Scripture scrolls they had accrued over time, hence the name "Guardians of Sacred Scripture." Leading this group was Saint Saturninus along with 49 others, including women and children who willfully gave their life for Christ. and Saint Julian, Caesarean Christians in Palestine who were crucified after being discovered visiting prisons where many Christians had been incarcerated.
Death of Saint Lucius, Bishop of Adrianople who, despite persecution, stood fast against the Arian bishops even though he was condemned at Sardica. But he remained loyal to Our Lord and His Vicar on earth Pope Saint Julius I. He was executed along with his companions by the Arian emperor Constantius.
Death of Saint Severinus, a renowned abbot from Burgundy who traveled from his abbey of Saint Maurice in Agaunum in Switzerland to pray over the monarch of the Franks, King Clovis and heal him of the fever caused by a plague.
Death of Saint Caedmon, who, though he could not sing, converted the Scriptures and Psalms from Latin and Greek into beautiful melodies in the English language as a lay-brother in the Whitby Abbey of Ireland. He is considered the "Father of English Sacred Poetry."
Death of Pope Saint Gregory II, 89th successor of Peter, whose pontificate lasted 16 years in which , in answer to the edict of Constantinople at forbade the cult of images and the destruction of sacred objects, he rallied the Italian provinces against the army of Leo III and the iconoclastic sect was rejected by all of Italy and strengthened Rome's stance against iconoclasm.
Death of Saint Benedict of Ariane, a soldier who had served as cup-bearer to Charlemagne and Pipin, forsook his military career for a life as a Benedictine monk. A very learned man, he wrote and promoted many of the monastic regulations that still exist today and is considered the "Father of the Restoration of Western Monasticism." Some even call him the "Second Benedict."
Death of Saint Theodora, Empress of Constantinople and wife of Theophilus the uncompromising emperor who pushed iconoclasm. She could see the error of his ways and, after the death of her husband, did all in her power to convince her son Michael to disavow iconoclasm and restore the sacred icons. With the help of Saint John Damascene Theodora declared the feast of Orthodoxy in 842, thus ending iconoclasm. She died on this date as a religious in a convent, making amends for the wrongs the royal court had made over the years.
Birth of Cardinal Niccolo Sfondrati in Somma, outside Milan, Italy. He would go on to become a priest and lawyer and play a significant role in enforcing the reform decrees of Trent. He would not only form a close friendship with Saint Charles Borromeo but also be elected on December 5, 1590 as the 229th successor of Peter, becoming Pope Gregory XIV.
The Mother of God first appears to Saint Bernadette of Soubirous on this date at the Grotto in Lourdes on the River Gave. For more, see DAILY LITURGY
Pope Saint Pius X issues his sixth encyclical Vehementer Nos on the French Law of Separation.