DAILY CATHOLIC    WEDNESDAY-THURSDAY     December 8-9, 1999     vol. 10, no. 233-234
Special Issue for the Solemnity of the IMMACULATE CONCEPTION


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Historical Events in Church Annals for December 8:

  • 1587 A.D.
  • Death of Mary, Queen of Scots, Catholic Queen who was persecuted by the English for her faith, and was put to death at the order of her sister Queen Elizabeth after nineteen years imprisoned by the latter. Elizabeth, fearing Mary would be elected Queen of England because her claim was more valid, did the dastardly deed.

  • 1854 A.D.
  • Proclamation of the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception by Pope Pius IX asserting that the Blessed Virgin Mary was conceived without Original Sin. For more on this, see LITURGY.

  • 1864 A.D.
  • Pope Pius IX publishes his 24th encyclical Quanta cura which condemned errors of that time.

  • 1869 A.D.
  • The First Vatican Council, also known as the 20th Ecumenical Council, is convened by Pope Pius IX at St. Peter's in Rome.

  • 1962 A.D.
  • Pope John XXIII closes the first session of the Second Vatican Council, the 21st Ecumenical Council. He would not live to reconvene Vatican II which would be left to his successor Pope Paul VI.

  • 1965 A.D.
  • Pope Paul VI brings the 21st Ecumenical Council, Vatican II, to a solemn close after a three year run incorporating four sessions in which sixteen documents were promulgated.

Historical Events in Church Annals for December 9:

(Feast of Blessed Juan Diego)
  • 297 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Hipparchus, magistrate from Samosata who was crucified along with the marytrs Philotheus, Abibus, James, Lollian, Paregrus and Romanus and became known as the "Seven Martyrs of Samosata" during the terrible reign of Roman Emperor Maximinus who had ordered them to worship the pagan gods. When they refused, they were discovered to be Christians and cruelly tortured before being put to death.

  • 1565 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Pius IV, 224th successor of Peter, at the age of sixty-six. This Milan-born pontiff and last of the de' Medici family, who served for five years, reopened the landmark Council of Trent and brought it to a successful conclusion. He intervened in European politics in order that Piedmont might be restored to Emmanuel Filiberto, thus making the House of Savoy a part of Italian history. He also pardoned all sinners in a widesweeping gesture as part of the counter-reformation.

  • 1669 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Clement IX, 238th successor of Peter, who was Sovereign Pontiff for two years. He acted as intermediary between France, Spain, England and Holland at the Peace of Aquisgrana, known also as the "Clementine Peace" in his honor. He also oversaw the completion of the Bernini Colonade of St. Peter's Square (284 columns) that were decorated with the statues of 140 saints.

  • 1990 A.D.
  • Friend of Pope John Paul II, the Polish countryman Lech Walesa, head of the Solidarity campaign, is elected president in Poland, opening up resurgence of the Church there after decades of suppression by the communist regime.

December 8-9, 1999 WEDNESDAY-THURSDAY       volume 10, no. 233-234


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