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December 21, 1999
SECTION TWO vol 10, no. 242
To print out entire text of today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION ONE
Today is the observance of the final Tuesday of Late Advent with the optional feast of Saint Peter Canisius, Priest, Religious and Doctor of the Church. Tomorrow we observe the final Wednesday of Late Advent. For the readings, liturgy, meditations and profile on St. Peter Canisius, click on DAILY LITURGY
Tuesday, December 21, 1999
Tuesday December 21:
Tuesday in Late Advent and the optional
Feast of Saint Peter Canisius, Priest, Religious and Doctor of the Church
First Reading: Songs 2: 8-14 or Zepheniah 3: 14-18
Psalms: Psalm 33: 2-3, 11-12, 20-21
Gospel Reading: Luke 1: 39-45
O Dayspring, Brightness of the everlasting light, Son of justice, come to
give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death!
(Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be)
Optional Feast of Saint Peter Canisius, Priest, Religious and Doctor of the Church
This Dutch-born Jesuit priest played a key role in the landmark Council of Trent and played a vital role in debating the Protestant heresies throughout Europe, especially in his native Netherlands and Germany, Austria, Bohemia and Poland. He was a great eloquent preacher sought by prince and pauper alike. He served as mediator between Holy Roman Emperors and Popes. He also founded the University of Fribourg in 1580. One of his most famous works was "Manuel of Catholics" and is referred to as the "Second Apostle of Germany," giving way to the great Saint Boniface as the "First Apostle of Germany." Because of Peter's efforts, the counter-reformation was a resounding success in Bavaria. In 1591 he suffered a stroke which hindered his speaking engagements, but he continued his writings with the help of a scribe as he dictated to him. Six years later, at the age of 76 this noble man died at Fribourg. Pope Pius XI canonized him in 1925, at the same time declaring him a distinguished Doctor of the Church.
Wednesday, December 22, 1999
First Reading: 1 Samuel 1: 24-28
Psalms: 1 Samuel 2: 1, 4-8
Gospel Reading: Luke 1: 46-56
O King of the Gentiles, yea, and desire thereof! O Corner-stone, that
makest of two one, come to save man, whom Thou hast made out of the dust of
(Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be)
Events Today in Church History
Today is the anniversary 882 years ago when in 1117 Saint Thomas Becket was born in London, England to the sheriff of the city of Norman parents. After studying at the University of Paris he went on to become a deacon, then archdeacon of Canterbury and finally appointed Archbishop of the same see by Henry of Anjou who became Henry II as king of England. When Henry interferred in investiture matters and skirted Rome, Thomas stayed loyal to the Holy See and when he refused to obey the king over the Pope, Henry dispatched four knights to slay the archbishop in the cathedral on December 29, 1170. For other pertinent events throughout the centuries that are memorable in Church history today, click on MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES
Historical Events in Church Annals for December 21:
Birth of Saint Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury who took England's King Henry II to task for his immoral lifestyle and opposed bishops who catered to the king's whims. He was harassed by the king and the bishops, even though he had appealed to Rome, but was murdered by the monarch's command in the cathedral by four of the king's knights on December 29, 1170. Three years later Pope Alexander III elevated him to sainthood.
Death of Saint Peter Canisius, Dutch Jesuit priest and Doctor of the Church. For more on this saint, see DAILY LITURGY.
SIMPLY SHEEN: Giving can heal the hurts of the lonely
They say a picture is worth a thousand words, but the words of Bishop Fulton J. Sheen have been known to launch a thousand images in one's mind, one of the ways this late luminary did so much to evangelize the faith. Because of the urgency of the times and because few there are today who possess the wisdom, simplicity and insight than the late Archbishop who touched millions, we are bringing you daily gems from his writings. The good bishop makes it so simple that we have dubbed this daily series: "SIMPLY SHEEN".
" Most people of the world are unloved. Some do not make themselves loveable because of their selfishness; others do not have enough Christian spirit to love those who do not love. The result is that the world is full of lonely hearts. Here we speak not of love in the romantic or carnal sense, but in the higher sense of generosity, forgiveness, kindness and sacrifice."
The DAILY WORD
"And it came to pass, when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, that the babe in her womb leapt. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit, and cried out with a loud voice, saying, 'Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb!' "
Matthew 21: 28
Retroactive articles on Church history available from 33 to 1515 A.D. for review
To allow all readers to catch up on our popular on-going series, we present a review of the period from the time of Christ when He founded the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church to the time of the Reformation and Pope Leo X, the 217th in the Petrus line early in the sixteenth century. These are installments 1 through 106. Until we are back to full strength we will continue the archives, giving readers the opportunity to catch up To read any of the 105 installments presently available in this long on-going series, click on the Archives of THE HISTORY OF THE MASS AND HOLY MOTHER CHURCH.
November 25th Medjugorje Monthly Message
For more on Medjugorje, click on MEDJUGORJE AND MORE
Dear children! Also today I call you to prayer. In this time of grace, may the cross be a sign-post of love and unity for you through which true peace comes. That is why, little children, pray especially at this time that little Jesus, the Creator of peace, may be born in your hearts. Only through prayer will you become my apostles of peace in this world without peace. That is why, pray until prayer becomes a joy for you. Thank you for having responded to my call.
WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant
Blessed Faustina to become Saint Faustina in 2000 along with beatification of Popes Pius IX and John XXIII in addition to others, including Spanish Martyrs
Revealing the list of those to be declared venerable, blessed and saint, the Prefect for the Congregation for the Causes of Saints read off the official list with the Pope present yesterday. The Holy Father had to be pleased that Blessed Faustina will be canonized next year for it was this Polish Pope who advanced her cause from the beginning while Archbishop of Krakow. Numerous others were mentioned, including over one hundred martyrs of the Spanish Civil War. The most notable beatification will be September 3, 2000 on the Feast of Pope Saint Gregory the Great when two Supreme Pontiffs will be recognized as blessed in a joint ceremony honoring both Pope Pius IX and Pope John XXIII. For more, click on Causes of Saints
BEATIFICATION SET FOR 2 POPES; CANONIZATION FOR FAUSTINA
VATICAN (CWNews.com) -- Pope Pius IX will soon be beatified, and Pope
John Paul XXIII declared "Venerable." These were among the noteworthy
stories on December 20, as the Congregation for the Causes of Saints read a
series of 18 new decrees concerning candidates for canonization and
Archbishop Jose Saraiva Martins read the official decrees in the presence of
Pope John Paul II. Eight of the decrees recognized the authenticity of
miracles, with two of them clearing the way for canonization: of Blessed
Maria Faustina and Joseph Marie de Yermo y Parres.
Six other miracles, attributed to candidates who have already been declared
"Venerable," and will now be beatified. These include Pope Pius IX,
Guillaume Joseph Chaminade (1761-1850), Emmanuel Gonzalez Garcia
(1877-1940), Catherine Cittadini (1801-1857), Anne Eugénie Picco
(1867-1921), and Charles Emmanuel Rodriguez Santiago (1918-1963).
Six other decrees recognize martyrs, who may also now be beatified. All of
these candidates were killed in 1936, during the Spanish Civil War--in many
cases, by firing squads that gunned down groups of Catholics at a time. The
newly proclaimed martyrs are: Charles Emmanuel Rodriguez Santiago (1918-
1963) and five companions; 24 Carmelite nuns; Pascal Fortuno and three
companions; Jacinto Serrano Lopez and 17 companions; Aurelio da Vinalesa
and 16 companions, Josephine Masia Ferragut; Thomas Sitjar and 11
companions; and Joseph Calasanz Marquez and 31 companions.
Four more decrees recognize the "heroic virtue" practiced by candidates who
will now be known as "Venerable." The first of these is Pope John XXIII, who
will now be qualified for beatification as soon as a miracle is formally
attributed to his intercession-- an approval which is expected to come soon,
since a miracle has already been investigated thoroughly. The others are
Sigismond Gorazdowski (1845-1920), a Polish priest; Hélène Silvestri (1839-
1907), an Italian nun; and Maria Concetta Cabrera Armeda (1862-1937), a
According to Vatican sources, the beatification of Popes Pius IX and John
XXIII is likely to take place on September 3, 2000, in a joint ceremony.
Cardinal Dezza, second oldest cardinal and personal confessor of Pope Paul VI, succumbs at 98
Just shy a week after celebrating his 98th birthday, Cardinal Paolo Dezza, S.J. passed on to his Heavenly reward this past Friday at the Jesuit General House. Besides being the second oldest cardinal and a priest for 70 years, he was also revered as the personal confessor of Pope Paul VI and a professor who impressed Father Karol Wojtyla when he first studied in Rome. Cardinal Dezza served as Assistant General of the Jesuits in 1965 and again in 1981 as Superior General locum tenans. He was truly a giant within the Society of Jesus. To honor him, the Pope made him a cardinal in the Consistory of June 28, 1991. His death drops the number of cardinals to 153 with 106 eligible to vote in Sacred Conclave. For more, click on Cardinal Dezza
CARDINAL PAOLO DEZZA DIES
Confessor to Paul VI and John Paul I
VATICAN CITY, DEC 19 (ZENIT).- Cardinal Paolo Dezza died on Friday in
the Jesuit General Directorate in Rome. As soon as he heard the news,
John Paul II sent his condolences to Fr. Peter-Hans Kolvenbach, Superior
General of the Society of Jesus, and announced that he would personally
preside at the funeral service in St. Peter's Basilica.
The Cardinal turned 98 on December 13; he was the second eldest
Cardinal, after Chinese Cardinal Ignatius Kung (Gong) Pin-mei, who lives
in exile in the United States.
Born in Parma, Italy, after being ordained a priest in the Society of
Jesus, in 1929 he was assigned to the Pontifical Gregorian University as
professor of metaphysics. His students remember the lucidity and clarity
of his mind. Among them was Karol Wojtyla, as well as other seminarians
who later became Church leaders throughout the world. He was appointed
Rector of the University in 1941, a post he held for the next ten years.
Fr. Dezza knew how to combine the acuteness of his intelligence with
disarming simplicity of life. It was not by chance that two Popes --
Paul VI and John Paul I, chose him as confessor. The Cardinal held
numerous critical posts in the Society of Jesus, but his great service
to his brothers in religion was as delegate (appointed by the Pope) to
substitute for the General Superior, Fr. Pedro Arrupe, when the latter
was taken ill in October 1981. The Pope asked Fr. Dezza to govern the
religious Order while awaiting the General Congregation that
re-established the Society's ordinary government. Fr. Dezza led the
congregation until the election of the new Superior Fr. Peter-Hans
Kolvenbach, elected on September 13, 1983, during the Society's 33rd
The Jesuit director of Vatican Radio's programs, Fr. Federico Lombardi,
recalled that "the way Fr, Dezza guided this delicate moment was perhaps
his masterwork, thus meriting the profound gratitude of his brothers,
and of the one who entrusted him with the task. From then on, Fr. Dezza,
who continued to live in the mother house, returned to being the man of
great experience and serene human and spiritual advice sought by many
persons, often with important posts, who found light, encouragement and
singular discretion in him."
The Holy Father made Fr. Dezza a Cardinal in 1991, in recognition of his
highly meritorious service to the Church. Fr. Dezza asked the Pope to
allow him to continue as a simple priest, without being ordained a
A piece of Church history goes to heaven with Fr. Dezza. He was close to
the life of all the passengers in the Bark of Peter since the 70s. Once,
he revealed how he assisted Paul VI at his death. "I went to visit him
in the afternoon, as his state of health had deteriorated and I was
present at his peaceful and tranquil death. Something incredible
happened. At the moment of death, the alarm clock went off. It was a
little alarm clock he had had for years and it was a bit damaged. That
morning the secretary had fixed it and, without realizing it, set the
alarm precisely for the time the Pope died. I gave him the last
absolution and saw how he expired serenely."
"Faithful servant of the Church" were the words used by John Paul II in
his telegram of condolence. A servant, "who in the multiple tasks
carried out during his long existence was always an authentic witness of
the Gospel, a religious of great faith and fervid piety."
Remembering his "appreciated professor of metaphysical philosophy," the
Holy Father underlined that, following St. Ignatius of Loyola, the
Cardinal "demonstrated in all circumstances that he was a passionate
servant of Christ in the person of his Vicar."
Grizzly task of uncovering bodies in East Timor continues as tales of horror mount
It has been nearly three months since the terrible massacres in East Timor when pro-Indonesia militas wreaked havoc on the innocent, defenseless people of this Catholic country after an overwhelming referendum was won for independence. But for many their only independence is now with God for they were senselessly slaughtered by these marauders. Each day Australian peacekeepers are uncovering more bodies and survivors tell of terrible tales of horror that border on the inhuman. East Timor's spiritual leader Bishop Carlos Ximenes Belo has called for accountability by Indonesia for these inhumane acts that have left his country desolate. For more, click on East Timor horrors.
PEACEKEEPERS UNEARTH MASSACRE SITES IN EAST TIMOR
DILI, East Timor (CWNews.com) - Australian peacekeepers
have found the bodies of dozens of victims of massacres by
pro-Indonesia militias, as they investigated two separate
Navy divers recovered about a dozen bodies, many of them
dismembered, from Lake Maubara on Monday. A Timorese human
rights group estimates that 67 villagers were shot or
hacked to death by Indonesian soldiers and militias at a
church in the nearby town of Liquica on April 6 to
intimidate voters. "We have been asked to search the lake
to see if we can find anything else to connect the atrocity
to the (Indonesian army) or the militia in the area at the
time," said Lt. Commodore Jonathan Peacock, the Australian
who commanded the naval detachment.
Meanwhile, peacekeepers retrieved 14 bodies from a mass
grave in Oecussi, an enclave that is cut off from the rest
of East Timor. Australian peacekeepers believe the site
contains more than 50 victims.
Indonesia, the most populous Muslim nation in the world,
invaded mainly Catholic East Timor in 1975 and annexed it
the following year in a move not recognized by the United
Nations. In August, the region held a Jakarta-proposed
referendum to allow Timorese to choose either autonomy
within Indonesia or full independence. After the
pro-independence results were revealed, pro-Indonesia
militias, armed and backed by Indonesia's military, went on
a rampage, killing hundreds and forcing hundreds of
thousands to flee the former Portuguese colony.
Evangelist Billy Graham touting John Paul II as Man of the Century
One of the greatest evangelists of this century knows quality when he sees it and Billy Graham is serious when he touts Pope John Paul II as the man of the century for all he has accomplished, more than any other Roman Pontiff in the last two centuries. He also cited the Holy Father's tremendous grasp on the human heart, ecumenism and the Gospel. The 81 year-old evangelist pointed out that no matter how advanced society becomes technology-wise, it will not improve man's heart for he is unwilling to change even though man is intent on changing God to suit their way rather than His Divine Will. For more, click on Man of the Century.
BILLY GRAHAM CITES POPE AS MAN OF THE CENTURY
NEW YORK, DEC 20 (ZENIT).- Television evangelist Billy Graham says that
he thinks the man of the century might be Pope John Paul II. In an
interview with the Associated Press, he stated that John Paul "has
brought the greatest impact of any Pope in the last 200 years." He
continued by saying, "I admire his courage, determination, intellectual
abilities, and his understanding of Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox
differences, and the attempt at some form of reconciliation."
Graham is eighty-one years old. Looking back on the past century, he
asserted that the 21st century won't be very different from the one that
is ending. "Man's heart has not changed. God has not changed," he
asserted. "Some of the things I've heard are going to happen
technologically are way beyond anything I can think about. I don't think
that's going to change society. Society is made up of people, and people
are the same the world over."
For more headlines and articles, we suggest you go to the Catholic World News site at the
CWN home page and Church News at Noticias Eclesiales and the features, dossiers and Daily Dispatches at ZENIT International News Agency. CWN, NE and ZENIT are not affiliated with the Daily CATHOLIC but provide this service via e-mail to the Daily CATHOLIC Monday through Friday.
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December 21, 1999 volume 10, no. 242 DAILY CATHOLIC