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MONDAY      April 19, 1999      SECTION TWO       vol 10, no. 76

To print out entire text of Today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION THREE and SECTION ONE

Benin's Cardinal Bernardin Gantin represents a "tree of iron" as Dean of the College of Cardinals

      Our fourty-fifth red hat we feature, in alphabetical order is 77 year-old Cardinal Bernardin Gantin current Dean of the College of Cardinals and President of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. He is considered by many the "cornerstone" of the new, positive African influence on the Church. He was elevated to the cardinalate on June 27, 1977 during the last Consistory held by Pope Paul VI. For more on Cardinal Gantin, click on COLLEGE OF CARDINALS COLLECTION

45.   Cardinal Bernardin Gantin

Events Today in Church History

      On this date in 1054 Pope Saint Leo IX died. As the 152nd successor of Peter, he took the bitter but necessary step of excommunicating the Eastern Patriarch Michel Cerularius which began the Eastern Schism still in effect today. For other pertinent events throughout the centuries that are memorable in Church history today, click on MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

Historical Events in Church Annals for April 19:


      Today is the Third Monday of Easter and tomorrow we continue in Pascaltide with the Third Tuesday of Easter. For the readings, liturgies, and meditations, click on DAILY LITURGY.

Monday, April 19, 1999

Tuesday, April 20, 1999


      Today we continue a short series of Responsory Prayers during Paschaltide adapted from the Byzantine Liturgy:

This day was made by the Lord, Alleluia. Let us rejoice and be glad in it, Alleluia. Risen from the font of baptism, the newborn lambs shout "Alleluia."

We must take care not to be too full of ourselves?

      They say a picture is worth a thousand words, but the words of Bishop Fulton J. Sheen have been known to launch a thousand images in one's mind, one of the ways this late luminary did so much to evangelize the faith. Because of the urgency of the times and because few there are today who possess the wisdom, simplicity and insight than the late Archbishop who touched millions, we are bringing you daily gems from his writings. The good bishop makes it so simple that we have dubbed this daily series: "SIMPLY SHEEN".

"Nothing so stands in the way of our progress towards God as egotism, and the egotist is always full of self-deceit, of "sacred" faults he will not renounce, nor even admit he has. That is why the egotist in all of us requires a pitiless searching-out of every hidden nook and corner of our mind."

"Do not grumble, or judge, for God alone sees the heart. The trials increase for all. Therefore, pray! Pray! Pray!"

      Those words from the Blessed Mother were imparted to the Hidden Flower of the Immaculate Heart in Message #483 five years ago on the Third Sunday of Easter on April 17, 1994 as Our Lady beseeches us to toe the line and pray especially for her beloved Pope John Paul II. In her follow-up Message #484 on April 21, 1994 Mary asks us to not allow satan to be able to divide and conquer for that is what causes her such sorrow. She again asks for our prayers and our faith in the battle with the evil one. For Messages #483 and #484 from Jesus, click on "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..."

Messages 483 and 484

Message Four Hundred-eighty-three, April 17, 1994

(Imparted to the Hidden Flower by the Immaculate Heart of Mary)

Message Four Hundred-eighty-four, April 21, 1994

(Imparted to the Hidden Flower by the Immaculate Heart of Mary)
(Feast of Saint Anselm)

Daily Dose of curious contents of the Church:

College of Cardinals

      Today's featured cardinal Cardinal Bernardin Gantin has been the Dean of the College of Cardinals since June 5, 1993. Selection, rank, roles and preogatives for this august body are regulated by Canons 349 through 359 in the Code of Canon Law. This venerable group had its origins at the turn of the first century when Pope Saint Evaristus founded the first seven diaconates entrusted to senior priests. It would be constituted in its current form and categories of membership during the twelfth century, specifically during the papacy of Pope Alexander III in 1179 when he decreed that the selection of cardinals would be reserved exclusively for the Pope to choose. In 1586, Pope Sixtus V set the maximum number of cardinals at seventy. In 1918 Pope Benedict XV established that cardinals must be priests and Pope John XXIII in 1962 decreed that all cardinals be bishops. Presently there are 117 eligible cardinals out of 158 today. As we detailed in past issues, since 1971 the age limit has been 80. Once they reach that age, they can no longer take part in papal elections or hold office or membership in curial departments. They do, however, retain all membership privileges of the College of Cardinals. There are three categories of cardinals, cardinal bishops, comprisinging 6 titular bishops of suburban Rome, cardinal priests made up of bishops outside of Rome, and cardinal deacons who serve in the Curia. For more we recommend New Advent Catholic Supersite on the Sacred Conclave. (source: 1999 Catholic Almanac, Our Sunday Visitor; ).

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April 19, 1999 volume 10, no. 76   DAILY CATHOLIC