Historical Events in Church Annals for November 23:
Death of Pope Saint Clement I, 4th successor of Peter whose pontificate lasted 9 years. For more on this early Pope, see TODAY'S LITURGY.
Death of Saint Columban, Irish Abbot and missionary. For more on this saint, see TODAY'S LITURGY.
Pope Alexander III returns to Rome at the invitation of the citizens on this date from exile after Frederick of Barbarossa had established the antipope Paschal III. Though he was welcome, he could not offset the ruthless power of Barbarossa.
Cardinal Francisco Albani is chosen the 243rd successor of Peter and selects the name Pope Clement XI. When he received the news of his election he waited a week before accepting the papal crown to assure himself it was legitimate. He was a man of great culture and a lover of the arts, enriching the Vatican Library. His pontificate would last 21 years and he would conclude the 16th Jubilee the year he was elected.
Death of Blessed Miguel Agustin Pro, Mexican priest and martyr. For more on him, see TODAY'S LITURGY who had fled the country in 1914 to escape religious persecution but returned in 1926 to meet the needs of his people. Often traveling in disguise, he was arrested on phony charges and martyred for his faith. As he stood bravely before the firing squad, he refused the blindfold, forgave his executors and uttered his last words "Viva Cristo Rey" which meant "Long live Christ the King."