Death of Saint Hipparchus, magistrate from Samosata who was crucified along with the marytrs Philotheus, Abibus, James, Lollian, Paregrus and Romanus and became known as the "Seven Martyrs of Samosata" during the terrible reign of Roman Emperor Maximinus who had ordered them to worship the pagan gods. When they refused, they were discovered to be Christians and cruelly tortured before being put to death.
Death of Pope Pius IV, 224th successor of Peter, at the age of sixty-six. This Milan-born pontiff and last of the de' Medici family, who served for five years, reopened the landmark Council of Trent and brought it to a successful conclusion. He intervened in European politics in order that Piedmont might be restored to Emmanuel Filiberto, thus making the House of Savoy a part of Italian history. He also pardoned all sinners in a widesweeping gesture as part of the counter-reformation.
Death of Pope Clement IX, 238th successor of Peter, who was Sovereign Pontiff for two years. He acted as intermediary between France, Spain, England and Holland at the Peace of Aquisgrana, known also as the "Clementine Peace" in his honor. He also oversaw the completion of the Bernini Colonade of St. Peter's Square (284 columns) that were decorated with the statues of 140 saints.
Friend of Pope John Paul II, the Polish countryman Lech Walesa, head of the Solidarity campaign, is elected president in Poland, opening up resurgence of the Church there after decades of suppression by the communist regime.