Death of Saint Lucy, virgin and martyr. For more on this saint, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.
Death of Pope Calixtus II, 162nd successor of Peter. Born in Burgundy, he was elected on February 8, 1119. During his five year pontificate an agreement was reached at the Diet of Worms over the quarrel of investiture when the Pope was recognized as having the right to nominate bishops. He convened the 9th Ecumenical Council or Lateran I in which decrees were issued against simony and the lay investiture issue settled with a ratification of what had transpired at Worms. He also proclaimed the Second Crusade.
Birth of Felice Peretti in Grottammare outside of Ancona, Italy. He would go on to become a Franciscan, an inquisitor in Venice, a cardinal and eventually the 227th successor of Peter as Pope Sixtus V on May 1, 1585. His papacy would last until August 27, 1590 and during his pontificate Sixtus would take in hand the reform of the Church with great severity as well as completing work on the dome of St. Peter's.
Pope Paul III opens the 19th Ecumenical Council, better known as the Council of Trent in the northern mountains of Italy. It was a landmark counter-reform conference that would last eight years and through five pontiffs in which Protestantism was strongly condemned and measures passed to preserve the true faith.
Death of Saint Jane Frances Chantal, wife, mother and religious founder. After her husband died she was left with her seven children to raise. When they reached adulthood she chose to found the Congregation of the Visitation for young girls and widows which spread throughout France. She was a close friend and pupil of Saint Francis de Sales and she died at Moulins, France on this date after returning from a Parisian visit with Queen Anne. She was canonized in 1767 by Pope Clement XIII.