Death of Pope Saint Sergius I, 84th successor of Peter who served 14 years. He had been nominated after two antipopes. Sergius strove to extinguish the schism which had arisen in Rome iself, and succeeded in terminating the one spread by the heretic Aquileia. It was St. Sergius who introduced into the liturgy of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass the use of the Agnus Dei.
Death of the antipope Clement III during the reign of the real authorized pontiff Pope Paschal II. Clement was one of many antipopes during this era. Clement opposed the policies of the great Hildebrand who became Pope Saint Gregory VII. Clement tried to be a thorn in the side of many official pontiffs but the Church survived despite his interference.
Birth of Richard the Lionhearted who would go on to become King of England and lead a Crusade.
The lacksadaisical Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II Hohenstauffen finally sets sail on the Fifth Crusade but his inaction cost the Christian forces dearly and because of his indifference and disobedience he would eventually be excommunicated and be a thorn in the Holy See's side.
Saint Joan of Arc is wounded in battle at Paris in her attempt to recapture the city and retreated to remount a campaign the following spring that would end in her capture.
The magnificent work of art of the Psalmist "David" by the master Michelangelo is revealed to the public for the first time. It had been commissioned by Pope Alexander VI and was first displayed during the reign of Pope Julius II who is the Pope who clashed with Michelangelo while he was working on the Sistine Chapel.
Pope Leo XIII issues his 44th encyclical Magnae Dei Matris on the Holy Rosary.
Pope Leo XIII releases his 47th encyclical Laetitiae sanctae also on the Rosary which commended devotion to the Rosary.
Pope Leo XIII follows up with another encyclical, his 53rd, on the Rosary Iucunda semper expectatione.
Pope Leo XIII ushers his 67th encyclical Depuis le jour aimed at the French bishops on education of the clergy.
Pope Saint Pius X issues the landmark encyclical, his 11th, Pascendi dominici gregis on the doctrines of the Modernists, warning all of this threat.
Pope Pius XI issues his 12th encyclical of his regime Rerum Orientalium on promoting Oriental studies.
Pope Pius XII issues his 23rd encyclical Sempiternus Rex Christus on the Council of Chalcedon.
Pope Pius XII releases his 27th encyclical Fulgens corona in which he proclaimed a Marian Year to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the proclaiming of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception by Pope Pius IX in 1854.
Pope Pius XII issues his 40th encyclical Miranda prorsus - another landmark encyclical in which the Holy Father broaches the subject of television, radio and films.