Death of Saint Cosmas and Saint Damian. For more on these two saints, see DAILY LITURGY.
Death of Saint Nilus of Rossano Italian Abbot in southern Italy.
Beheading of hundreds of Crusaders by Sultan Bajezid including the noble French Catholic Knights De Philippe of Bar, Odard de Chasseron, and Jean de Vienne.
Birth of Giovanni Montini in Brescia, Italy. He would go on to become a Cardinal and bring the Second Vatican Council to its conclusion as Pope Paul VI. It was Paul who allowed clerical dress other than the cassock to be worn. Sadly this has been abused by some religious where today there is little semblance to religious garb. Paul's papacy lasted 15 years.
Pope John XXIII issues his third encyclical Grata recordatio on the Rosary, prayer for the Church and missions. It also dealt with international and social problems.