Death of the martyrs Saints Maurice, Ursus and Victor, officers in the Roman army who refused to offer sacrifice to the Roman gods in their Legion at Lake Geneva, Switzerland.
Death of Pope Saint Felix IV, 54th successor of Peter who originally had been nominated by Theodoric for his own ends, but Felix showed such loyalty that the King of the Goths repudiated him and had Felix exiled.
Election of Pope Saint Boniface II as 55th successor of Peter on the same day Pope St. Felix IV passed on. Boniface would rule for two years. Of Gothic origin, he was considered a "barbarous foreigner." As a result a rival faction elected Dioscoros as antipope. The ensuing struggle ceased only on the latter's death. It was Boniface who had the monastery of Monte Cassino built on a temple of Apollo, an edifice that stood until being bombed by Ally planes in World War II.
Death of Saint Thomas of Villanova, Augustinian monk and Archbishop who had a strong influence on Spanish bishops in keeping the faith strong in Spain when much of Europe was folding under the pressure of the Protestant Reformation. He was canonized by Pope Innocent X in 1658.
Death of Pope Clement XIV, 249th successor of Peter. Many suspect he was poisoned. His papacy lasted five years. He tried to renew normal relations with the Courts of Catholic countries. He founded the museum of Inscriptions known as the Clementine Museum. He modified the rules governing the Sistine Choir.
Pope Leo XIII issues his 41st encyclical Octobri mense on the Rosary.
The Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament establish the first Black Catholic University in the United States by opening the doors of Xavier University in New Orleans, Louisiana.