Death of Pope Saint Mark, 34th successor of Peter. This Roman-born pontiff was elected on January 18th of the same year. He decreed that the Pope should be consecrated by the Bishop of Ostia. He instituted the "Pallium" which is still in use and is made from the wool of a previously blessed lamb and is decorated with black crosses. It was druing his pontificate that the first calendar of religious feastdays was released.
Victory by Don Juan of Austria and the Holy League of Nations over the Turks and the death of Ali Pasha, Turkish Fleet Commander. The victory was hailed by Pope Saint Pius V as a great victory for Catholics due largely to the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary through the faithfuls' recitation of the Rosary. He proclaimed it the special feast day of Our Lady of Victory but was later made an universal feast as Our Lady of the Rosary. For more on this, see DAILY LITURGY.
Pope Pius XII issues his 28th encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem on the Church's role in China.
Pope John Paul II beatifies Hanibal Maria Di Francia and Joseph Allamano.