Death of Pope Saint Siricus, 38th successor of Peter. Born in Rome, he was elected on December 15th, 384. His fifteen year pontificate was remembered for him being the first to assume the title of "Pope" or "Papa" from the Greek "Father." It is maintained also from an anagram formed from the initals of the Latin words "Petri Apostoli Potestatem Accipiens". He also upheld the necessity of celibacy for priests.
Pope Pelagius II is chosen the 63rd successor of Peter. Born in Rome of Gothic origin, his papacy lasted until February 7, 590 when be became a victim of the plague where countless victims died yawning and sneezing. While Rome was being besieged by the Lombards he would seek help from Constantinople. He would also decree that priests must recite the Divine Office every day.
Death of Saint Edmund Van Abingdon, Archbishop of Canterbury.
Death of Saint Gozzolini Sylvester, Italian hermit.
Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere is selected the 216th successor of Peter and chooses the name Pope Julius II. His pontificate would last ten years during which he would encourage the arts and contribute to the study magnificence of Rome through the contribution of Italian masters Raphael and Michelangelo and would complete the construction of St. Peter's Basilica. He would also call the 18th Ecumenical Council at the Lateran.
Death of Queen Isabella I, loyal Catholic Queen of Spain who, along with her husband King Ferdinand, commissioned Christopher Columbus to set sail for the west indies and the ultimate discovery of America.
Pope Clement VII signs a treaty with Emperor Charles V procuring his release from Castel Sant'Angelo after six month exile in the round castle near the Vatican guarded by Charles' troops.
Death of Saint John Berchmans, Jesuit novice who would visit the Blessed Sacrament seven times each day of his life. He, along with Saint John Bosco, is the patron saint of altar servers.
Pope Innocent X's papal bull Zelus domus Dei condemns the Peace of Westfalia pact in which Emperor Ferdinand III and Maximilian I of Bavaria concede too many far-reaching concessions to Protestantism.
The Church in France is thrown into further confusion when Napoleon Bonaparte orders the abolishment of the established Gregorian calendar and installs the short-lived Republican calendar. It was one of the little general's devious means to smite the Church further before he would shortly invade the papal states.