NEWS for Wednesday, May 31, 2000
AMERICAN HISTORIAN DENOUNCES FALSE INFORMATION IN BOOK AGAINST
POPE PIUS XII
CHICAGO, 30 (NE)
Martin Doorhy, historian specialized in World
War II, expressed his opinions on the publicized book of John
Cornwell, "Hitler's Pope", in an interview for the Chicago
"Catholic New World" weekly magazine. In his declarations, he
underlined that it was impossible for Cornwell to work
exhaustively in the Archives of the Secretariat of the Vatican
State "for months", as he stated.
"We know," said Doorhy, "his research began May 12 and concluded
June 2, 1997 -22 days- including weekends he was never there.
The longest time he spent in a single day was seven hours. Other
days he spent only one to two hours… We know from the logs there
were just two areas he accessed," and it is impossible that he
investigated the archives after 1922 due to the 75-year closure
rule on Vatican Secretariat of State archives. Cornwell "has
drawn most of his conclusions from secondary sources unfriendly
to the Church," he added.
Asked about Pope Pius XII's work with European Jews, Doorthy
stated that "the 80 % survival rate in Italy is far and away the
highest rate in any of (the other occupied) countries." He also
stated that the 'Encyclopedia of the Holocaust', published in
1990 in Tel Aviv, written mostly by Jewish scholars -a very
unbiased source-, credits Pope Pius XII with saving no fewer
than half the Jews of Rome during the Nazi occupation. "Pius
XII," he added, "during World War II saved more Jews than all
the other church groups and rescue agencies combined."
Among other aspects, Doorhy emphasized the existence of a series
of not so well known facts such as the policy of the American
army not to intervene in what they called "rescue operations" to
assist refugees, because this could present a serious diversion
of men and supplies from "legitimate military objectives," and
also the "silence" of the different meetings of great ally
leaders regarding the killing of Jews in Europe.
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