TUESDAY     March 7, 2000    vol. 11, no. 47    SECTION TWO

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SECTION TWO Contents: Go immediately to the article:
  • Events that occurred Today in Church History
  • Daily LITURGY
  • Daily WORD
  • Be an angel! Help us reach countless more souls through your small love offering.

    WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant:

  • Vatican announces canonization dates, Blessed Faustina most probably will be so honored on Divine Mercy Sunday
  • Vatican provides details of Holy Father's "Jubilee Journey"

  • Appreciation of God's gift of Baptism to wash away Original Sin

        Today we continue with our new series in the search to uncover the wonderful treasures of the Church contained in the great Deposit of Faith. Today we present the catechesis on Original Sin as explained in My Catholic Faith and how in the forbidden "apple" the worm of Original Sin was washed away by redemption through Christ's victory of the Cross. For part one in the 125th installment, see APPRECIATING THE PRECIOUS GIFT OF OUR FAITH

    installment 125: Original Sin part one

          God punished Adam and Eve for the sin they committed. "And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of pleasure, to till the earth from which he was taken" (Genesis 3:23). All the calamities in the world today, war, disease, poverty, etc., are consequences of Adam's sin. We inherited all the weaknesses that were part of his punishment.

          On account of their sin Adam and Eve lost sanctifying grace, the right to Heaven, and their special gifts; they became subject to death, to suffering, and to a strong inclination to evil, and were driven from the Garden of Paradise.

          Adam and Eve immediately lost God's abiding grace and frienship, their holiness and innocence: they lost sanctifying grace. This was the worst punishment. Having lost sanctifying grace, they lost the right to Heaven, to see God.

          They lost their special gifts: they became subject to suffering and death. Their minds and wills were so weakened that they became inclined to evil, subjected to temptation. "In the sweat of they face shalt thou eat bread till thou return to the earth, out of which thou wast taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust thou shalt return" (Genesis 3:16-19).

          God expelled Adam and Eve from the Garden of paradise. "And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of pleasure" (Genesis 3:23, 24).

          Some wonder how the eating of one fruit could have been so grievous a crime. We must remember that God gave Adam and Eve every blessing. He only required them, as proof of their faithfulness, to abstain from eating the fruit of one tree. Doubtless Paradise was filled with trees having more delicious fruit than the forbidden tree. Pride and disobedience and ingratitude caused them to sin. They defied God, and despised His threats. They wanted to be as powerful and great as God.

          On account of the sin of Adam, we, his descendants, come into the world deprived of sanctifying grace and inherit his punishment, as we would have inherited his gifts had he been obedient to God. "Therefore as through one man sin entered into the world and through sin death, and thus death has passed into all men" (Romans 5:12).

          This sin in us is called original sin. It is the state in which every descendant of Adam comes into the world, totally deprived of grace, through inheriting the punishment, not of Adam's personal sin, but of his sin as head of the human race. This sin is called original because it comes down to us through our origin, from Adam.

          Thus all men are born in sin, that is, they are born without the friendship of God, and with no right to heaven. Original sin does not come to us from Eve, but from Adam alone, since God made him representative and head of the whole human race. Eve was punished for her disobedience, as Adam was, but did not pass on her guilt to all mankind. Our original sin comes from our first father.

          A person after baptism is in the state of grace and free from sin. If he dies immediately after baptism, even if he had committed sins, he goes straight to Heaven. His sins and their punishment are all forgiven him. The chief punishments of Adam which we inherit through original sin are: death, suffering, ignorance, and a strong inclination to sin.

          By original sin we became subject to disease and death. This was part of the punishment God laid on Adam. "In what day soever you shall eat of it, you shall die the death" (Genesis 2:17).

      Tomorrow: Original Sin part two

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    Events that happened Today in Church History

       On this day 724 years ago in 1274 one of the greatest Doctors of the Church passed on to his Heavenly reward. That would be the Angelic Doctor Saint Thomas Aquinas, the beloved Dominican who died at the Cistercian abbey of Fossa Nuova near Terracina enroute to the Council of Lyons. He was canonized less than fifty years later in 1323 by Pope John XXIII and in 1567 the great Pope Saint Pius V declared him a Doctor of the Church. For other time capsule events that happened in Church history on this date, see MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

    Historical Events in Church Annals for March 7:

    • 203 A.D.
    • Death of Saints Perpetua and Felicity, virgins and martyrs who were subjected to torture by wild beasts in a Carthage amphitheater but came out of it unscathed. So incensed was the Procurator of the region Hilarion that he ordered them be swiftly killed by the sword.

    • 445 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Gaudiosus, Bishop of Brescia who died of natural causes on this date.

    • 1274 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelic Dominican Doctor of the Church. His feast used to be celebrated on the day of his death but in the new liturgy that was transferred to January 28th. For more on this great saint, see St. Thomas' feast day.

    • 1530 A.D.
    • Pope Clement VII denies the request by King Henry VIII for a divorce from Catherine of Aragon to which Henry declares he, not the Pope, is the supreme head of England's church, in effect declaring apostasy and schism that lasts even up to today.

    • 1724 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Innocent XIII, 244th successor of Peter. This Jesuit was born in Rome and elected the Roman Pontiff on May 18, 1721. During his three year pontificate he reconfirmed the papal bull Unigenitus for those of the French clergy who had not accepted it. He intervened forcibly in the Spanish Church and sent 100,000 crowns to the Knights of Malta in their struggle with the Turks.

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    By giving we reap spiritual dividends!

       They say a picture is worth a thousand words, but the words of Bishop Fulton J. Sheen have been known to launch a thousand images in one's mind, one of the ways this late luminary did so much to evangelize the faith. Because of the urgency of the times and because few there are today who possess the wisdom, simplicity and insight than the late Archbishop who touched millions, we are bringing you daily gems from his writings. The good bishop makes it so simple that we have dubbed this daily series: "SIMPLY SHEEN".

    "The reason it is more blessed to give than to receive is because it helps to detach the soul from the material and the temporal in order to ally it with a spirit of altruism and charity which is the essence of religion."

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       Today, known as Shrove Tuesday or Mardi Gras is the Feast of the Roman martyrs Saint Perpetua and Saint Felicitas. Tomorrow, of course, Lent begins with ASH WEDNESDAY in this special Jubilee Year of Reconciliation in which the Holy Father has placed the emphasis on reconciliation. For the readings, liturgies, meditations, and vignettes on these feasts, see DAILY LITURGY.

    Shrove Tuesday, March 7, 2000

      Tuesday March 7:
      Feast of the the martyrs Saint Perpetua and Saint Felicity

      Red vestments

        First Reading: 2 Peter 3: 12-15, 17-18
        Responsorial: Psalm 90: 2-4, 10, 14, 16
        Gospel Reading: Mark 12: 13-17

    Feast of Saint Perpetual and Saint Felicity, Martyrs
          These two women were martyred at Carthage on the northern coast of what is today Libya by the Romans. Though persecution and the slaughter of Christians was terrible in Rome itself, the senseless slaying of Christians was even worse in Africa and Egypt. Though Perpetua's father tried to intercede so that she would not embarass the family, her faith was more important to her than family and she would not renounce her belief in Jesus Christ as her Savior. Her refusal to adhere to the pagan wishes of her father moved servants under her father to join her in her faith, one of which was Felicitas or Felicity as she has come to be known. A covey of wild animals from leopards to bears to wild bulls were unleashed on the helpless Christians in the great arena of Carthage and to the sadistic delight of thousands both Perpetua and Felicitas were gored to death by the bulls. They are commemorated daily in the Canon of the Mass among the mentioned martyrs.

    ASH WEDNESDAY, March 8, 2000

        First Reading: Joel 2: 12-18
        Responsorial: Psalm 51: 2-6, 12-14, 17
        Second Reading: 2 Corinthians 5: 20-21; 6: 1-2
        Gospel Reading: Matthew 6: 1-6, 16-18

    Even though it is superseded because of Ash Wednesday, March 8th is traditionally the Feast of Saint John of God:
    Saint John of God, religious founder
             This saint, known for his work in the Spiritual and Corporal Works of Mercy, lived in the 16th Century in Portugal and Spain. One day while traveling he came across a small child with no shoes. Because his own shoes would not fit the child he lifted Him upon his shoulders and carried him, offering solace and help. While stopping to drink, the child revealed Himself as the Infant Christ Child and presented John a pomagranate, the fruit of the region which is sweet and stood for charity. It was crowned with a cross, representing sacrifice, which Jesus said would be the "Cross of Granada" where John, at the age of 42, would establish the Brother Hospitallers of St. John of God in the year 1537. John was given the name "John of God" by his own bishop who saw in John, a true saint. John died saving others. After many close calls rescuing people from the streets and burning hospitals, he dove into the River Xenil to save a drowning lad and succumbed of pneumonia from the cold, icy waters at the age of 55.

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    "And Jesus answered and said to them, 'Render, therefore, to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.'

    Mark 12: 16-17

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    WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant:

      Dates for canonization set by Vatican, will include two stalwart nuns of great interest to Americans

         The Holy See will announce on Friday the specific dates of canonization for a number of "blesseds" including Blessed Katherine Drexel, the American nun from Philadelphia and Blessed Sister Faustina Kowalska, the Polish nun and Messenger of Divine Mercy who has become so popular in the United States. The dates announced Monday for canonizations are Divine Mercy Sunday - April 30th, and All Saints Day, November 1st. Because of the those dates it is certain that fellow Pole Faustina will fittingly be canonized on Divine Mercy Sunday, a devotion so dear to the Holy Father's heart. continued inside


        VATICAN CITY, MAR 6 (ZENIT.org).- An ordinary public consistory for the proclamation of the canonization of numerous Blessed will take place in the Vatican Apostolic Palace this Friday. According to a note of the Vatican Office of Liturgical Celebrations published this morning, the newly approved causes are those of Augustine Tchao and other Chinese martyrs who died between the 17th and 20th centuries; Cristobal Magallanes and his 24 companions; Fr. Jose Maria de Yermo y Parres, founder of the Congregation of the Servants of the Heart of Jesus and the Poor; Maria Josefa of the Heart of Jesus Sancho Guerra, founder of the Congregation of Servants of Jesus; Katharine M. Drexel, founder of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People; and Maria Faustina Kowalska, the Polish nun who became the great apostle of devotion to Divine Mercy.

        The established dates during the Jubilee for canonizations are April 30 and November 1. While it is possible that additional dates would be added to the calendar, it is most likely that the candidates named today will be canonized one of those two dates. ZE00030607

      More detailed itinerary of Holy Father's rigorous "Jubilee Journey" to the Holy Land released by the Holy See

         Following in the footsteps of Our Lord, the Vicar of Christ will need all the stamina God can provide when he arrives at Amman's airport in Jordan on March 20th. The details of the Pope's schedule were released Monday and it outlines the grueling itinerary during his six day Papal pilgrimage to this land where the Old Covenant gave way to the New Covenant with the coming of the Savior. It includes two days in Jordan, two in Palestine, and two in Israel with the latter two split on alternating days from the 22nd through 26th including a papal Mass at the Basilica of the Annunciation in Nazareth on the Feast of the Annunciation as well as visits to Mount Nebo, Bethlehem, the River Jordan, Galilee, the Mount of Beatitudes, the Upper Room, the Garden of Gethsemane, Calvary and Capernaum. While he will visit political leaders, his "Jubilee Journey" is strictly spiritual. continued inside.

    Publication of Official Program of Long Awaited Trip

        VATICAN CITY, MAR 6 (ZENIT.org).- The Vatican Press Office today announced the official program of John Paul II's visit to the Holy Land, from March 20-26. This is a further stage in his pilgrimage to the places of Revelation that radically changed the history of humanity.

        Following his "spiritual" journey to Ur of the Chaldeans in Abraham's footsteps, which took place in the Vatican on February 23, and his trip to Egypt, and Mount Sinai in particular, from February 24-26, recalling episodes in Moses' life and that of the Holy Family, John Paul II will finally be able to fulfill his dream of visiting Jordan, the Autonomous Territories of the National Palestinian Authority, and Israel.

        The Holy Father's first stopover will be Jordan, where he will arrive on March 20 at 2 p.m. in Amman's Airport. That afternoon, the Pontiff will be received by Jordanian authorities, and he will visit the ancient monastery of Mount Nebo in Madaba, from where Moses looked out on the Promised Land, the Chosen People's destiny, which he was never to enter. John Paul II will celebrate Mass in Amman's Stadium, and visit King Abdala II of Jordan. He will also visit Wadi-Al Kharrar, in the Jordan Valley, where John the Baptist baptized Jesus.

        The Holy Father will also celebrate Mass in the Autonomous Territories of the Palestinian Authority, in front of the Basilica of the Nativity in Bethlehem. He will visit the cave where Jesus was born and pay a courtesy visit to Yasser Arafat in the presidential palace of that city. The Pope will also visit the refugee camp of Deheisha, in the Palestinian territories.

        A culminating point of the Holy Father's pilgrimage, will be the celebration of Mass in the intimate privacy of the Cenacle in Jerusalem, Israel. This in itself represents a great piece of Vatican diplomacy, as the Cenacle is controlled by a Jewish group that normally forbids the saying of Mass in this sacred place.

        While in the Holy City he will visit two of Israel's Chief Rabbis and the President of the country. The following day, John Paul II will go to the Mount of the Beatitudes in Korazim, where he will celebrate Mass for youth in front of the House of Galilee. That afternoon, he will meet Prime Minister Ehud Barak in the same town. He will then proceed to Tabgha, where he will make a private visit to the Church of the Multiplication of Loaves, as well as the Church of Peter's Primacy, after which he will arrive in Capernaum, where he will visit the home of the first Bishop of Rome, St. Peter.

        On Sunday, March 26, John Paul II will meet the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in his office in Jerusalem's Mosque Square. Later he will go to the Western Wall of Jerusalem and then celebrate Mass in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Before his return to Rome, he will meet with Patriarchs and Bishops of Jerusalem's Patriarchy. The farewell will be at Tel Aviv's International Airport on the same day, at 7 p.m. (local time).

        The journey to the Holy Land is the one most longed for by the Holy Father out of the 90 international trips he has made to all the continents of the world. ZE00030606

    For more NEWS & VIEWS, see SECTION THREE

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    March 7, 2000     volume 11, no. 47
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