March 24-26, 2000
volume 11, no. 60
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1208 A.D. Pope Innocent IIIplaces England and its king under interdict.
1254 A.D. Saint Louis, King of France, takes up the symbolic cross to lead the Seventh Crusade
1381 A.D. Death of Saint Catherine of Sweden
1455 A.D. Death of Pope Nicholas V, 208th successor of Peter. Born in Svizzera, Italy, he was elected on March 6, 1447. During his eight year papacy he began the construction of the present Basilica of St. Peter's. He restored order politically to France and England and helped Sapin in their final bid to rid the country of the Saracen threat. He founded the Vatican Library and celebrated the Sixth Holy Year during the Jubilee Year of 1450..
1495 A.D. Christopher Columbus departs Isabella in Espaniola.
1558 A.D. Coronation of Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paul IV
1980 A.D. Archbishop Oscar Romero, one of El Salvador's most respected Roman Catholic leaders ever, is shot to death by gunmen as he celebrates the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass in San Salvador.
708 A.D. Syrian Pope Constantine becomes the 88th successor of Peter. His pontificate would last seven years. He would be carried off to Constantinople by force but would succeed in bring about some form of peace between the Church and the Byzantine Empire. He would encourage the Christians of Spain in their struggle with the Saracens and Constantine would encourage the kissing of the foot of St. Peter by the Roman Pontiffs as an act of obedience.
752 A.D. Pope Stephen II is elected the 92nd supreme pontiff on the same day another Pope Stephen II dies after only one day in office. In deference to the latter and because the first was never consecrated, the second pope took the same name, thus causing confusion that Pope Stephen II was elected and died on the same day. Both succeeded the holy Pope Saint Zacharias who had died ten days earlier.
1133 A.D. Birth of Henry II who would becomes King of the England
1252 A.D. Pope Innocent IV excommunicates Manfred, illegitimate son of Frederick II Hohenstaufen who had also been handed the bell, book and candle by Innocent and Pope Gregory IX. On that same day Manfred's half-brother Conrad IV's wife gave birth to a son - Conrad the Younger whom Conrad Senior entrusted to Innocent's care and upbringing on his deathbead two years later. The child would go on to become King of Jerusalem and Sicily.
1306 A.D. Robert I - "the Bruce" proclaimed King of the Scots at Scone, Scotland, pledging his loyalty to the God and country.
1347 A.D. Birth of Saint Catherine of Siena who would go on to influence popes and bring reform to the Church and return the pontiffs to their rightful place at the Vatican after the Avignon exile years.
1437 A.D. James II becomes King of the Scots in Holyrood, Scotland
1555 A.D. The Catholic village of Valencia in Venezuela is founded in honor of Spain.
1634 A.D. The first Catholic colonists take Lord Baltimore up on his offer of promulgating religious freedom to all settlers and arrive in Maryland, establishing what would be a Catholic stronghold in America.
1643 A.D. The same year that the celebrated Louis XIV became King of France, Saint John Eudes founded the Congregation of Jesus and Mary (Eudists) for the purpose of upgrading clergy and establishing effective seminaries.
1847 A.D. Pope Pius IX publishes his second encyclical Praedessores Nostros on aid for Ireland in light of the terrible potato famine on the emerald isle.
1954 A.D. Pope Pius XII releases his twenty-seventh encyclical Sacra virginitas on consecrated virginity and the ideals of religious life.
1987 A.D. Pope John Paul II issues his sixth encyclical Redemptoris Mater on the role of Mary in the mystery of Christ and her active, exemplary presence in the life of the Church.
1995 A.D. Pope John Paul II publishes his eleventh encyclical Evangelium Vitae on the value and inviolability of human life in all its stages in his crusade for the culture of life.
1027 A.D. Roman-born Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II, king of Germany, as Holy Roman Emperor
1144 A.D. Death of Saint William of Norwich, captured by Jewish zealots and martyred by crucifixion at the age of twelve in England.
1150 A.D. Count Tichborne, whom many patterned Robin Hood after, makes a promise to God before his death, heeding the advice of an abbot who asked him to help the people who were hungry. Thus he left in his will a tradition begun this day of giving a gallon of flour to every resident of Hampshire, England.
1199 A.D. A crossbow wounds Richard I - the Lionheart at the Battle of Chalus, and he is forced to retreat and live to fight another day.
1388 A.D. Groundbreaking and construction begin on Saint Mary's College in Oxford, England with the Dominicans overseeing the project.
March 24-26, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 60
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