LITURGY for MONDAY and TUESDAY - February 14 and 15, 2000
Monday, February 14, 2000
Monday February 14:
Feast of Saint Cyril and Methodius, "Apostles of the Slavs"
Feast of Saints Cyril and Methodius - "Apostles of the Slavs"
First Reading: James 1: 1-11
Responsorial: Psalm 119: 67-68, 71-71, 75-76
Gospel Reading: Mark 8: 11-13
The Apostles to the Slavs - Saints Cyril and Methodius were brothers born in Thessalonica, Greece. Methodius was 12 years older than Cyril but it was Cyril who became a priest first. Shortly after Cyril's ordination, Methodius, who had been governor of a Slav province, became a monk. It was in 862 when the prince of Moravia called for missionaries who could speak the Slavic language to preach to his subjects. Cyril and Methodius were selected and they adapted well, translating Sacred Scripture into the native language and establishing a Slavic alphabet which, to this day, is still called Cyrillic in honor of the saint. Even in those days there were jealousies within the Church and many in the Latin rite criticized the two saints for their method of inculturation. Yet the papacy has always defended these two pillars of the Church from Pope Adrian II to Pope John Paul II who pronounced in his apostolic letter Slavorum Apostoli that the fruits of these two co-patrons of Eastern Europe were an outstanding contribution to the common Christian foundation of Europe. St. Cyril died in Rome on February 14, 869 and his remains are buried below the basilica of St. Clement. St. Methodius survived his brother by 16 years, and drew strength from God in single-handedly fending off the Latin rite opposition, especially the German bishops who were successful in getting Pope John VIII to suspend Methodius' influence and the use of the Slavic language in the Liturgy for a time. However, when Methodius died in 885, his funeral was celebrated in both the Greek and Latin rites as well as the Slavic Liturgy.
Tuesday, February 15, 2000
First Reading: James 1: 12-18
Responsorial: Psalm 94: 12-15, 18-19
Gospel Reading: Mark 8: 14-21