Death of Saint Nicholas, Bishop. For more on this saint, go to DAILY LITURGY.
Election of Pope Leo VIII, 131st successor of Peter. He was first elected as antipope by Emperor Otto I but soon was accepted by all. His pontificate lasted two years. His legacy is that he forbade the laity to enter a church after a solemn function had begun, urging promptness for tardiness would not be tolerated.
Death of Pope Clement VI, the fourth Avignon Pope, and 198th successor of Peter who was a cultured and virtuous man. He bought the city of Avignon for 18,000 gold florins and protected the Jews against persecutions. He also reduced the interval between Holy Years from 100 to 50 years and celebrated the second Jubilee in 1350 after Pope Boniface VIII had decreed the first Jubilee Year in 1300.
Pope Clement VII procures his release from imprisonment in Castel Sant'Angelo by emperor Charles V's troops. Immediately after obtaining his freedom, he fled to Orvieto and then to Viterbo to escape the retaliation of the German emperor during the time of the Protestant uprising.
Pope Pius XII issues his 21st encyclical Mirabile illud on the crusade of prayers for peace.